United nations educational, scientific and cultural organization convention concerning the protection of the world



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27. Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines) (C 722)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List: 1995

Year of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: 2001

Criteria: C (iii) (iv) (v)
Previous International Assistance:

Total amount: US$153,200


Previous Bureau/Committee Deliberations:

26 COM 21 (a) 15

27 COM 7A.25

Conservation issues:

The State Party submitted a state of conservation report to the World Heritage Centre, as requested by the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee.

At its 25th session in 2001, the World Heritage Committee allocated US$75,000 for the Enhancement of the Conservation and Management of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (25 COM XVIII.6.3). A first review and stakeholders workshop was conducted from 21-26 July 2003, in collaboration with UNESCO, during which the reasons for the degradation of the rice terraces were identified. A team of regional, national and local experts were commissioned to update the existing Ifugao Rice Terraces Restoration and Preservation Master Plan, and to prepare project proposals aimed at reversing the degradation of the Rice Terraces. One of the project proposals being prepared is the continuation of the GIS mapping which will facilitate a joint learning approach to multi-stakeholder decision-making about the future of this World Heritage property in Danger.

The Institutional Development Unit of the Ifugao Rice Terraces Cultural Heritage Office (IRTCHO) under the Provincial Government of Ifugao, which is in charge of the management of the World Heritage property, has developed awareness-raising, advocacy and institutional coordination programmes and strategies to enhance community involvement in the preservation of the property. Barangay (Community) Development plans were established with the help of IRTCHO. Community Development Officers (CDOs) were appointed to facilitate resolutions pertaining to road rights-of-way and boundary disputes. IRTCHO also conducted a series of workshops in the villages within the World Heritage property to assist the villagers in the development of community-based land use, physical planning and zoning. Activities within this project aim at establishing zoning ordinances and ensuring conformity of new developments with these legislative mechanisms.

Research and data collection on the Ifugao agricultural cycles and rituals are almost completed. Various programmes for agriculture and watershed management have been accomplished, accompanied by environmental media campaigns aimed at strengthening environmental awareness. More than 80% of the projects identified and funded by the National Commission on Culture and the Arts (NCCA) under irrigation, hazard management, road development, and tourism development have been completed satisfactorily. Other projects include the road improvement at Battad, in the Banaue Municipality, and a series of ‘Youth Road Shows’ which were organized to address the vital role of youth in the preservation of the Rice Terraces.

A Second Review and Stakeholders Workshop was organized from 15-20 March 2004. During the workshop, project proposals prepared by local, national and regional consultants under the general categories of land management issues, agriculture and forestry, indigenous knowledge systems and ecotourism were reviewed and validated through village consultations held at the municipalities of Banaue, Hungduan, Mayoyao and Kiangan (municipalities where rice terrace clusters included within the World Heritage property are located). The village consultations also provided the opportunity for some barangays to present their draft land use, zoning and physical plans, considering conservation issues and local values. IRTCHO will continue to assist the villages until their barangay land-use plans are finalized. All project proposals are now in the process of being finalized, incorporating the inputs from the villagers during the workshop.

The existing Ifugao Rice Terraces Restoration and Preservation Master Plan is now being updated to incorporate the proposed corrective measures identified under the Emergency Technical Co-operation for the Enhancement of the Conservation and Management of the Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras. The Master Plan, together with the statutes for the site management and the project proposals will be assembled and submitted to the World Heritage Centre later this year.

Draft Decision: 28 COM 15A.27

The World Heritage Committee,


  1. Notes with satisfaction the progressive implementation of the activities foreseen under the Emergency Assistance project approved by the World Heritage Committee at its 25th session in 2001;



  1. Compliments the State Party on its renewed efforts to address the challenges faced by the property, especially with regard to irrigation, road developments and agricultural management;



  1. Notes with appreciation the concern of the State Party to involve local communities and stakeholders in every stage of the conservation and management processes, and its dedication in raising awareness among younger generations on the outstanding universal value of the property;



  1. Strongly encourages the State Party to explore possibilities for developing sustainable eco-tourism opportunities within and around the property, and to seek all possible national and international funding for that purpose;



  1. Requests the State Party to submit the final revised Master Plan, containing amongst others, measurable targets and benchmarks, as well as a strategy for mobilizing funds and international support for future conservation of the property, to the World Heritage Centre, no later than 1 February 2005, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session in 2005;



  1. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.



EUROPE/NORTH AMERICA
28. Butrint (Albania) (C 570 bis)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List: 1992, extended in 1999

Inscription in the List of World Heritage in Danger: 1997

Criterion: C (iii)

Previous International Assistance:

1997: US$100,000, Emergency Assistance (including US$47,000 for immediate actions and US$53,000 for the implementation of medium and long-term actions).



Previous Bureau/Committee Deliberations:

26 COM 21 (a) 9

27 COM 7A.26

Conservation issues:

The inclusion of Butrint on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1997 was motivated by the fact that the property had been faced with serious deterioration of materials resulting in an important loss of cultural significance. Other factors were a lack of conservation policy, the threatening effects of regional planning projects and gradual changes to the monument due to environmental factors.


As requested by the Committee (27 COM 7A.26), a joint UNESCO-ICOMOS mission took place from 26 to 31 October 2003 to assess the current situation of the property in terms of legal protection, management arrangements and the state of conservation. Its aim was also to evaluate the level of implementation of the recommendations of the UNESCO-ICOMOS mission to Butrint in April 2001. The situation has improved in the legislative and institutional fields, and that important steps had been taken to better protect the area against illegal constructions negative impacts of regional planning projects. Strong commitment is being shown by the Albanian authorities to effectively protect the property. However, the mission concluded that effective implementation of these policies is inadequate, particularly because of the lack of an official management plan for the whole area and inefficient coordination between the different national and international stakeholders, which subsequently reduces the impact of funding.
The UNESCO-ICOMOS mission strongly recommended to the authorities the following:


  1. systematically continue the conservation works, also of architecturally less impressive archaeological sites, walls and buildings;

  2. pay special attention to the interpretation of the property, which has been considerably neglected from the point of view of its universal value;

  3. take appropriate measures for the effective protection of the property’s cultural landscape, including the development of hydrological studies and sustainable agricultural methods;

  4. establish the area between the National Park and the RAMSAR site borders as a buffer zone of the World Heritage property, including the villages bordering the National Park and

  5. establish an urban development policy for these villages.

The mission further recommended preparing and adopting an integrated management plan in compliance with the existing legislation, which should specifically refer to ways of preserving the universal value of the property. The essentials of this management plan could be defined at a Round Table that would gather all the stakeholders (Butrint National Park Board members, international public and private organisations, local stakeholders and citizen’s organisations). Such a Round Table should benefit from technical assistance from UNESCO and its Advisory Bodies, who may also be invited to send specialists to Albania in order to moderate the event. Following the Round Table and the adoption of a site management plan, the tasks and staffing of the management authority and its relation to the Board of the National Park should be clearly defined. The Board should be enlarged to include representatives from Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Defence.


The decision-making capacity of the Board should be improved by having a long-term strategy with clearly defined priorities, and by approving in its Annual Agreements the action plans for the implementation of the activities that are to be set out in the new management plan.

Draft Decision: 28 COM 15A.28

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Commends the State Party for the progress made with the legal protection and the institutional arrangements for the World Heritage property;



  1. Acknowledges the results of the international UNESCO/ICOMOS mission to the property providing updated information;



  1. Notes that the threats for which the property was included on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1997 have been partially mitigated through the improvement of its legal and institutional protection;



  1. Expresses its concern about the difficulties in effectively implementing the measures aiming at the better interpretation and conservation of the property, in particular due to the lack of an officially adopted management plan;



  1. Urges the State Party to take into account the specific recommendations from the UNESCO/ICOMOS mission of 2003, in particular to prepare and adopt a management plan for the World Heritage property as soon as possible;



  1. Endorses the proposal for a Round Table, to be organised in co-operation with the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM, in order to include private and public stakeholders in the management planning, both at national as at international level;




  1. Encourages the State Party to submit an international assistance request for the organisation of this Round Table;




  1. Requests the State Party to provide an up-date report taking into account all the issues raised in the UNESCO-ICOMOS mission report of 2003, to be submitted to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2005 for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session in 2005;



  1. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.



29. The Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan) (C 958)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List: 2000

Inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: 2003

Criterion: C (iv)
Previous international assistance:

1998: US$15,000, Preparation of the nomination dossier for the Walled City of Baku with the Shirvansha Palace and the Maiden Tower


2004: US$14,800, Updating and preparation of detailed plans and maps of the Icheri Sheher - Walled City of Baku
Previous Bureau/Committee Deliberations:

26 COM 21 (b) 36

27 COM 7B.59
Conservation issues:

Since the inscription of the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2003, the World Heritage Centre has been preparing an Action Plan in consultation with UNESCO’s Cultural Heritage Division, ICOMOS, ICCROM and the national authorities. One of the first steps foreseen in the Action Plan is a Round Table/workshop in September/October 2004 for stakeholders in order to share a common vision for the management of the site and to agree on concrete measures to be undertaken within the Action Plan.


As part of the Action Plan, the State Party has started a project in March 2004 with financial assistance from the World Heritage Fund to update plans and maps together with an inventory of buildings within the World Heritage property. Planning for future conservation efforts needs to be based on the updated information on the state of conservation of the buildings and structures within the inscribed area of the World Heritage property. The preparation of detailed maps indicating the current state of conservation of buildings and structures, accompanied by an inventory shall provide a basis on which different activities foreseen in the Action Plan will be developed. Within the framework of the Action Plan, other activities foreseen for implementation include the production of a short film and poster to be distributed in Azerbaijan. The aim of this activity, which will be financed by the German World Heritage Foundation, is to raise awareness about the World Heritage Convention as well as the conservation issues affecting the property. Moreover, the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Division is organising a workshop on community participation in heritage management in May 2004, which will also address the conservation problems of the World Heritage property. A round table in Baku is foreseen in September/October 2004 in order to involve all stakeholders in sharing a common vision and to agree on concrete measures to be taken in the future for the conservation of the property. Relevant stakeholders include the representatives of the National Commission of Azerbaijan for UNESCO, the Ministry of Culture, the Municipality of Baku, the Academy of Science of Azerbaijan, the Scientific Research Institute for Restoration and Conservation of Architectural Monuments (Azerberpa) as well as ICCROM, ICOMOS and UNESCO. This Round Table will provide an opportunity to develop the existing institutional structure and to ensure its coordination as it provides a platform for dialogues amongst international, national and regional stakeholders. Furthermore, the discussion at the Round Table will be a basis for the elaboration of a Master Plan for safeguarding the World Heritage property that incorporates a management plan, tourism development plan and conservation plan.
The Division of Cultural Heritage provided financial support in 2003 for the small-scale restoration of the mausoleum of the Sufi Saint, Seyid Yahya akuvie, located within the property.
The Ministry of Culture of Azerbaijan invited an ICCROM expert mission from 10 to 15 November 2003 to examine the management mechanism of the old town of Baku. The mission recommended improving long-term management to take into account the specific situation in Baku, as well as to identify the needs for training and capacity building in the field of urban heritage management.
Having confirmed the findings and concerns highlighted by the joint UNESCO-ICOMOS mission in October 2002, the ICCROM mission of November 2003 further stressed the urgent need for the national authorities to provide political and financial support for the management of the site. Despite the Presidential Decree of January 2003, which ordered the ceasing of any unauthorized construction within the inscribed area, uncontrolled urban development and demolition of buildings continues to be observed. Planning processes for the management of the site are being delayed because the State Party does not have sufficient information and documentation on the state of conservation of the property, and faces financial constraints. The lack of coordination amongst the decision makers in the country, particularly between the national authorities and the municipality, is of further concern. These factors are preventing the authorities from responding to the urgent management and conservation needs of the World Heritage property.
At the time of the preparation of this document, the State Party has not provided a report on the state of conservation of the property, as requested by the 27th session of the World Heritage Committee.

Draft Decision: 28 COM 15A.29
The World Heritage Committee,


  1. Acknowledges the recent effort of the World Heritage Centre, UNESCO’s Cultural Heritage Division, the Advisory Bodies and the national authorities in setting up an Action Plan to address issues affecting the property, and welcomes the active co-operation amongst the stakeholders in the process;




  1. Notes with concern that the State Party has not provided a report on the state of conservation of the property;




  1. Further regrets that demolition and inappropriate urban development continues within the World Heritage property despite the Presidential Decree of 2003 to halt uncontrolled development within the World Heritage property;




  1. Expresses its serious concern regarding the overall lack of management of the site and in particular insufficient coordination between the national and municipal authorities;




  1. Urges the State Party to provide a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property prior to the Round Table in September/October 2004, so that the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies can examine and propose appropriate follow up action;




  1. Requests the State Party to continue to work in close collaboration with the World Heritage Centre, the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Division, ICOMOS and ICCROM in implementing activities foreseen in the Action Plan;




  1. Strongly urges the State Party to elaborate a comprehensive Master Plan to address conservation issues, development control and tourism management in order to ensure the future preservation of the property;




  1. Requests the State Party to co-operation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies to review the situation and to provide a progress report including an updated Action Plan, no later than 1 February 2005, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 29th session of the Committee in 2005.

  2. Decides to retain the Walled City of Baku, with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower, on the List of World Heritage in Danger.



LATIN AMERICA
30. Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (C 366)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List: 1986

Inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: 1986

Criteria: C (i) (iii)
Previous International Assistance:

Total amount: US$48,650


Previous Bureau/Committee Deliberations:

26 COM 21 (a) 14

27 COM 7A. 28
Conservation Issues:

The Secretariat received on 30 January 2004 a progress report from the State Party containing information on the efforts undertaken to solve the immediate drainage problems and to cope with the damages affecting the property and the structures of the Tchudi Palace. While many projects have been initiated, including a general cleaning of the site, establishment of security facilities, conservation and rehabilitation of the site museum and certain monuments, and repair of the access road, the funds needed for the drainage of water from the huachaques, the low-lying ceremonial areas, exceeds the financial capacity of the management. Site managers have elaborated a technical plan to be developed in co-operation with national and international agencies to seek a lasting solution to the rising water level. The report further stated that Draft Legislation n° 3807, which declares the site of Chan-Chan in a state of emergency and offers a solution for relocating the squatters, has been pending in Congress for the past two years.


The Secretariat received, on 22 March 2004 via the UNESCO Office in Lima, a letter from the Association of Archaeologists of Peru expressing its deep concern over the damages affecting the property during the past two years, and drawing the attention of those responsible at the national level to the serious degradation of the site due to illegal constructions and the related use of land and water on the palace grounds, as well as the use of the archaeological protected area as a field for agricultural production.
ICOMOS commends the actions taken by the State Party for the conservation and rehabilitation of the Chan Chan World Heritage property. The problem of the illegal use of much of the site for agricultural purposes could be solved by the irrigation of an alternative site to which the squatters are being relocated. The implementation of the “Master Plan for the Conservation and Management of the Chan Chan Archaeological Complex” has proceeded at pace in 2002 and 2003, and a number of important projects have been realized, in association with national and international institutions. These include the general clearing up of the site, the establishment of security facilities, the repair of the access road, and an analysis of the quality and behaviour of the aquifer beneath the property.
Monitoring of the water table revealed a progressive rise in the lower part of the site in late 2002 and early 2003, attributable to the phenomenon of El Niño in 1998-99 followed by two years of higher than average humidity. This was made worse by a reduction in the extraction of water from the aquifer resulting from changes in agricultural techniques in the Moche valley. This led to greater humidity in the lower parts of the site and consequently an increase in salt contamination of the mud-brick structures and the growth of vegetation such as reeds and water lilies in the low-lying huachaques. Efforts are being made through the Chavimochic Special Project to reduce this negative impact on the archaeological site by using the excess water for irrigation projects elsewhere in the region and by improving the overall drainage of the whole valley, since the problems of the Chan Chan site can only be tackled as part of a larger project covering the entire landscape. On the site itself work has been carried out to restore affected areas by removing salt-impregnated sections and installing pumps to drain the flooded huachaques.

Draft Decision:
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