United Nations Development Programme Global Environment Facility Full Project – Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity on the South African Wild Coast


PART II: Logical Framework Analysis



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PART II: Logical Framework Analysis





Project Strategy

Objectively verifiable indicators

Goal:

A representative system of protected areas in priority bioregions is established, effectively managed and contributes to sustainable development.




Project Purpose

Indicator

Baseline

Target


Sources of verification

Risks and Assumptions


Objective:

An effective network of protected areas is established on the Wild Coast and provides tested co-management models for replication



  1. Increase of protected area coverage through strategic additions to the conservation estate:

    • Increase in the extent (ha) of provincial protected areas

    • Increase in the extent (ha) of terrestrial managed resource use protected areas

By year 3, the provincial protected areas (or equivalent) will increase to 26,000ha while managed resource use protected areas will increase to 56,000ha. By EOP, the terrestrial conservation estate will be increased to 95,000ha.


  1. Percentage of the priority vegetation types included into the protected area estate as a proportion of the national conservation targets for protected areas:

    • Subtropical Estuarine Salt Marshes

    • Transkei Coastal Belt

    • Pondoland-Natal Sandstone Coastal Sourveld

    • Scarp Forest

    • Mangrove Forest

By EOP, the priority vegetation types contribute at least 10% of the national conservation targets for protected areas.


  1. Compatibility of economic returns (Rands/ha/annum) from the inclusion of communal land into the protected area estate.

By EOP, communal land should yield, on average, at least R110/ha per annum (calculated as TEV).


  1. Employment returns from the inclusion of communal land into the protected area estate.

By Year 3, the communal land included into the PA estate generates employment levels of at least 11,000 person days/year.
5. Number of local micro-enterprises providing a planning and management support service to the protected area estate.

By EOP, 10 new local micro-enterprises have been established and a further 6 continue to provide services




14,210 ha

52,116 ha

3.2%


1.1%

8%

16.6%



0%

R20/ha
TBD


TBD

32,000 ha

63,000 ha

8%

11%



20%

35%


15%

R110/ha/ annum17

32,000 person days/year

10 new enterprises

6 existing enterprises


SANBI annual national and bioregional reports.
Provincial Growth and Development Plan annual reports;
Eastern Cape Provincial SOE reports;
Annual IDP reviews;
Annual reports of implementing agencies on Wild Coast (DEAT-MCM, DEAET, ECPB, DWAF, DLA);
Minutes of meetings of Wild Coast Steering Committee;
Annual Wild Coast Program M&E reports;
Minutes of co-management committee meetings
Total Economic Valuation (TEV) of PA estate


There is relative stability in the local economy;

Political stability, law and order are maintained;


Relationship between national, provincial and local level maintained;
No significant increase in the external pressures on protected areas;
Land claims are satisfactorily processed;
Communal landowners have legitimate structures (traditional authorities, CPA’s, Land Trusts, etc.) to represent their interests
The legal and policy environment continue to provide incentives for the continued employment of local micro-enterprises

Project Outcomes

Indicator

Baseline

Target


Sources of verification

Risks and Assumptions


Outcome 1:

Institutional framework and capacity to facilitate co-management systems for protected areas is in place.



  1. Percentage of staffing in the eastern region of the ECPB that meet the competence and skills required for the following occupational levels:

    • Level 5: Director Strategic and program based

    • Level 4: Managerial, Project management and or high level technical

    • Level 3: Technical Supervisory and/ or mid-level technical

    • Level 2: Skilled worker, technical functions with some team leadership

    • Level 1: Laborer , non-technical functions

By EOP, greater than 60% of staff in the eastern region of the ECPB meet the required competence and skills standards for PA management.


  1. The average score of staff performance evaluations (on a performance rating of 1-5) for the eastern region of the ECPB.

By year 3, average staff performance scores will exceed 2.5/5, while by EOP staff performance scores will exceed 3/5.


  1. Total operational budget for recurrent operational costs:

  • Increase (%) of budget amount appropriated for the recurrent operational management costs of the Wild Coast PAs (through development of PA usage/concession fees, new financing mechanisms and more cost-effective HR management)

  • Ratio of HR costs: recurrent operations costs

By year 3, the operational budget is increased by 70% and the HR:operations budget is reduced to 70:30. By EOP, the operational budget is increased by 260% and the HR: operations budget reduced to 60:40.

4. Management Effectiveness of the Wild Coast Program Management Unit

% of the funded conservation and sustainable development initiatives that are integrated and aligned with the PGDP, municipal IDP’s and the Wild Coast Conservation and Sustainable Development Program.

45%


36%
15%

18%
65%


TBD

R10.1m/ annum

80:20

0%



80%

75%
65%

60%
80%
3/5

R27m/ annum

60:40

90%


Annual reports of implementing agency;
Audited financial reports of implementing agency
Organograms and staffing levels of implementing agency;
Staff audits of implementing agency;
Staff performance evaluations of implementing agency;
Training reports for implementing agency.
Survey of communal and municipal structures (Trusts, CPA’s, Administrative authorities, local ward councils, Provincial House of Traditional Leaders, Chiefs, Headman).

Public Investment Programme Budgets





Enabling legal and policy framework supports effective institutional arrangements;
Implementing agencies are still able to pay competitive salaries;
The spread of HIV Aids is controlled;
Income from the ECPB can be re-invested in the protected area network;
Implementing agencies continue to maintain a co-operative, collaborative working relationship.
Ability to recover operating costs for MPAs from the Marine Living Resources Fund

Outcome 2:

Management effectiveness is enhanced within a rationalized and more representative system of protected areas (Type 1 PAs), operating under co-management agreements with local communities and the private sector.



  1. Increase of Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) scores for targeted protected areas:

  • Dwesa-Cwebe Nature reserve and MPA

  • Mkambati Nature Reserve

  • Hluleka Nature Reserve

  • Silaka Nature Reserve

  • Pondoland MPA

By year 3, the METT scores have increased to 59, 60, 54, 60 and 52 respectively.


  1. Percentage of alien infested areas in a regular, properly funded control and eradication program.

By EOP, all IAS within the Type 1 PAs are part of a structured, properly funded and managed control and eradication program.

50

44



38

47

25



TBD

71

74



69

71

60



100

Wild Coast Program annual reports
Provincial gazetting of PAs
Management plans for PAs
Annual reports for PAs
Annual plans of operations and budgets of PAs
Mid-term and final METT analyses for PAs
PA monitoring and evaluation program outputs


Institutional capacity and resources deployed to manage protected areas;

The transfer of the rights and responsibilities of state land to communities occurs without major problems;

Municipalities remained willing to integrate conservation in the local development agenda;

Continuous political support for decentralization.



Outcome 3:

A functioning network of managed resource protected areas (Type 2 PAs) is in place and is being effectively managed in active collaboration with local communities




        1. Extent (ha) of communal land included into managed resource use protected area estate.

By year 3, at least 6000ha is included into the PA s estate


        1. Number of co-management structures developed, maintained and functional on communal land in the high priority areas.

By year 3, three management structures are established, maintained and functioning effectively and by EOP, six are functioning effectively.


  1. Increase in METT scores for Type 2 PA’s:

  • State Forests (excluding above PAs)

  • Coastal Conservation area

By year 3, the METT scores are 41 and 45 respectively.


  1. Numbers of co-management models for managed resource protected developed on communal lands in the Wild Coast replicated in Southern Africa.

By EOP, 2 co-management models developed and tested in the Wild Coast are replicated on communal land elsewhere in southern Africa.



0

1


25

27


0

14,000 ha

6


56

65


2

Wild Coast Program annual reports
Annual reports of implementing agencies;
Minutes of local communal co-operative governance structures
IDP reviews;
Mid-term and final METT analyses for PAs


Land-use planning systems in place and aligned with conservation priorities;
Communal landowners continue to be interested in establishing a form of protected area on their land;
Current development pressures can be regulated and controlled;
Regulations enabling the implementation of the Communal Land Rights Act are promulgated;
Communal landowners have legitimate structures to represent and negotiate their interests.



Outputs

Activities

Responsibilities

Output 1.1. Capacity within Eastern Region of the Eastern Cape Parks Board to broker management agreements is strengthened.

Activity 1.1.1. Establish and equip the Co-management Active Support Unit (CASU) composed of: Project Coordinator, Skills Development Facilitator, part-time financial manager (funded by GEF for the duration of the project), community liaison officer (funded by ECPB and DEAT) and administrative assistant (funded by ECPB). The capacity of the CASU will be supplemented by a community outreach team (see Activity 1.8.3), the team members of whom are located within the priority areas;

Eastern Cape Parks Board

Activity 1.1.2. Design a five-year business plan for the CASU;

CASU – Project and Brokering Coordinator

Activity 1.1.3. Conduct a series of highly specialized training courses for CASU and other staff of the Eastern Cape Parks Board (legal issues, fundraising, communication and negotiation skills).

CASU

Consultants



Output 1.2. Capacity within Eastern Region of the Eastern Cape Parks Board to implement the brokered management agreements.

Activity 1.2.1. Conduct a training needs assessment;

CASU - Skills development facilitator

Activity 1.2.2. Develop and implement a comprehensive training program.

CASU - Skills development facilitator

Consultant



Output 1.3. Strategic key institutions (municipalities, Land Affairs, etc) have an increased capacity to actively participate in co-management agreements.

Activity 1.3.1. Conduct a training needs assessment;

CASU - Skills development facilitator

Activity 1.3.2. Develop and implement a comprehensive training program;


CASU - Skills development facilitator

Consultant



Activity 1.3.3. Integrate conservation needs into IDPs (direct investments on infrastructure and poverty relief into conservation areas).

CASU –Project and Brokering Coordinator, Skills development facilitator

Output 1.4. Knowledge management system for establishment and implementation of co-management developed.

Activity 1.4.1. Comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of co-management arrangements for each protected area based on the review undertaken in the preparation stage;

CASU – Project Coordinator and community liaison officer

Activity 1.4.2. Design and produce a "how to kit" for set-up and manage various types of co-management agreement;

CASU

Service Contract



Activity 1.4.3. Conduct a series of stakeholder workshop at local, national and regional level and support secondments, village-to-village exchanges and study tours for ECPB staff, local government and local communities to enable knowledge sharing;

CASU

Service Contract



Activity 1.4.4. Design a set of guidelines and interventions specific for each type of co-management agreements.

CASU – Project Coordinator and community liaison officer

Output 1.5. Norms and standards guiding the co-management of protected areas are produced and adopted by the relevant institutions.


Activity 1.5.1. Develop of norms and standards for co-management of PA in the Wild Coast;

CASU

Consultant (Legal)



Activity 1.5.2. Translate the norms and standards in a set of regulations that will guide the implementation of various types of co-management models;

CASU

Consultant (Legal)



Activity 1.5.3. Conduct a series of consultations with relevant institutions in Eastern Cape and with other provincial and national agencies in South Africa;

Eastern Region of ECPB

CASU – Project Coordinator



Activity 1.5.4. Adopt the regulations by the Eastern Cape Parks Board.

Eastern Region of ECPB

CASU – Project Coordinator



Output 1.6. Financial mechanism for protected area management in place.

Activity 1.6. 1. In-depth analysis of the potential sources of income identified in the preparation stage;

Eastern Region of ECPB

Consultant (Financial)



Activity 1.6.2. Negotiate with relevant institutions to generate income streams and, where required, amend the appropriate regulations/ procedures.

Eastern Region of ECPB; MCM,

Consultant (Financial)



Output 1.7. Sustainable Resource Use policy is developed.

Activity 1.7.1. Carry out a baseline survey of the existing use in and around protected areas;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Consultant

Activity 1.7.2. Determine the thresholds of potential concerns (TPC) for the heavily utilized and/or impacted marine and terrestrial species;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Consultant

Activity 1.7.3. Develop a policy for harvesting based on the TPCs;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Consultant

Activity 1.7.4 Develop a practical monitoring and evaluation system to assess on an ongoing basis levels of harvesting;

Eastern Region of ECPB; MCM; Consultant

Activity 1.7.5. Develop operational procedures to deal with use that exceeds TPCs.

Eastern Region of ECPB; Consultant

Output 1.8. Increased awareness and understanding of key stakeholders about co-management agreements.

Activity 1.8.1. Develop a targeted communication strategy, including a set of tools, around communities living in the priority areas;

CASU - Skills development facilitator and communication consultants

Activity 1.8.2 Design a series of materials translated in all local languages relevant for the priority areas;

CASU - Skills development facilitator and communication consultants

Activity 1.8.3. Develop and train a community outreach team, comprising 6 team members, to implement the communication strategy.

CASU - Skills development facilitator and communication consultants

Output 1.9. A comprehensive monitoring and evaluation system designed and operational.

Activity 1.9.1. Design a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation system;

CASU; Service Contract

Activity 1.9.2. Collect and process baseline information;

CASU; Service Contract

Activity 1.9.3. Conduct METT annually in all selected protected areas;

CASU; Service Contract

Activity 1.9.4. Annual stakeholder meetings to inform about the results of the M&E;

CASU

Activity 1.9.5. Independent M&E;

CASU; Service Contract

Activity 1.9.5. Independent Project Audit.

CASU; Service Contract

Output 2.1. Local community structures have an increased capacity to negotiate management agreements for strict protected areas.

Activity 2.1.1. Consultations with the existent community structures in protected areas, identified in the preparation stage, to identify capacity needs to implement the co-management agreements;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team

Activity 2.1.2. Contract a service provider to strengthen existing community structures in protected areas;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team

Activity 2.1.3. Contract a service provider to strengthen and formalize relationships between the protected area institution and local community institutions in priority areas, where this does relationship does not currently exist;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team

Consultants



Activity 2.1.4. Provide relevant training (financial management; legal issues; governance; basic conservation management; negotiation and communication skills) to local community structures.

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team Consultants

Output 2.2. Adaptive management planning systems for each strict protected area are established.

Activity 2.2.1. Initial review of the status quo of the provincial nature reserves and Category 1 and 2 MPAs (biological, social and economic);

Eastern Region of ECPB – Regional ecologist and Conservation planner; MCM

Activity 2.2.2. Establishment of small Reserve Management Planning teams composed of the reserve manager, regional conservation planner, regional ecologist, representative of community and, where appropriate, MCM;

Eastern Region of ECPB – Regional ecologist and Conservation planner

Activity 2.2.3. Participatory development the strategic management plan and conservation development framework for the reserve;

Reserve Management Planning Team




Activity 2.2.4. Develop an alien clearing program;

Reserve Management Planning Team

Activity 2.2.5. Prepare the first annual operational plan for each protected area.

Reserve Management Planning Team

Output 2.3. Active Management interventions for strict protected areas.

Activity 2.3.1. Implementation of new alien control techniques;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; Specialist service provider

Activity 2.3.2. Evaluating fire management requirements for coastal grasslands;

Eastern Region of ECPB

Activity 2.3.3. Development of a functional knowledge management system


Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; specialist service provider

Activity 2.3.4 Acquire equipment to enable offshore patrolling of MPA

CASU; MCM

Output 2.4. Strict protected areas are expanded into adjacent communal land through co-management agreements

Activity 2.4.1. Prioritize the areas proposed in the preparation stage for consolidation, rationalization and expansion;

CASU; MCM

Activity 2.4.2. Identify and select potential options for consolidation, rationalization and expansion based on ground-truthing of the assessments carried out in the preparation stage;

CASU

Activity 2.4.3. Negotiate the most effective co-management arrangements for the selected options;

CASU

Activity 2.4.4. Develop the legal co-management agreement;

CASU, specialist service provider

Activity 2.4.5. Facilitate the transition of the agreement in the implementation;

CASU

Activity 2.4.6. Prepare amendment to proclamation.

CASU

Output 3.1. The management authority for the managed resource use protected areas is rationalized

Activity 3.1.1. Rationalize the management authority for the CCA, MPAs and State Forests with roles and responsibilities clearly defined;

Eastern Region of ECPB – Conservation planner; Specialist Service Providers

Activity 3.1.2. Rationalize protected area status;

Eastern Region of ECPB – Conservation planner

Activity 3.1.3. Incorporate the coastal conservation area into provincial enabling legislation;

Eastern Region of ECPB – Conservation planner; specialist service provider

Activity 3.1.4. Develop the legal co-management agreement for managed resource use Pas;

CASU and specialist service provider

Activity 3.1.5. Establish the appropriate co-management structure to manage the PA’s.

CASU and specialist service provider

Activity 3.1.6 Analyze the options for, costs and efficacy of, community-based enforcement

CASU and specialist service provider

Output 3.2. Local community structures have an increased capacity to negotiate management agreements for strict terrestrial protected areas.

Activity 3.2.1. Consultations with the existing community structures in protected areas, identified in the preparation stage, to identify capacity needs to implement the co-management agreements;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team

Activity 3.2.2. Contract a service provider to strengthen existing community structures in protected areas;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team, Service provider

Activity 3.2.3. Contract a service provider to strengthen and formalize relationships between the protected area institution and local community institutions in priority areas, where this does relationship does not currently exist;

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team

Consultants



Activity 3.2.4. Provide relevant training (financial management; legal issues; governance; basic conservation management; negotiation and communication skills) to local community structures.

CASU - Community liaison officer, Community Outreach Team Consultants

Output 3.3. A cooperative governance structure for the Coastal Conservation Area is established and functional

Activity 3.3.1. Establish a co-operative governance structure for the CCA;

CASU and Consultant

Activity 3.3.2. Update the existing planning framework (i.t.o.the Wild Coast Tourism Development Policy);

Eastern Region of ECPB

Consultant; Land Use Planner



Activity 3.3.3. Develop a set of guidelines and tracking tool for processing development applications;

Eastern Region of ECPB

Consultant ; Land Use Planner



Output 3.4. Adaptive management planning systems for managed resource use protected area are established.

Activity 3.4.1. Development of strategic management plans and conservation development framework for indigenous state forests

Eastern Region of ECPB – Regional ecologist and Conservation planner

Activity 3.4.2. Development of an alien clearing program for state forests and the CCA

Eastern Region of ECPB – Regional ecologist and Conservation planner

Activity 3.4.3. Development of a set of operational guidelines for sustainable use of the natural resources within each type 2 PA

MCM; CASU; Specialist service provider

Output 3.5. Active Management interventions for managed resource use protected areas.

Activity 3.5.1. Boundary survey and demarcation of state forests, CCA and MPAs;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; Specialist service provider

Activity 3.5.2. Establishment of a community-led monitoring service in state forests, MPAs and CCA;

Eastern Region of ECPB; MCM

Activity 3.5.3. Implementation of new alien control techniques in state forests and the CCA;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; specialist service provider

Activity 3.5.4. Development of a functional knowledge management system;

Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; specialist service provider

Activity 3.5.5 Rehabilitation of priority state forests.

Eastern Region of ECPB; Reserve manager; specialist service provider

Output 3.6. Facilitate the development of the micro-enterprises based on sustainable use of coastal resources.

Activity 3.6.1. Identify potential enterprises based on sustainable use of marine and terrestrial resources;

MCM; Consultant

Activity 3.6.2. Identify interested commercial agencies and opportunities for brokering linkages between them and local communities;

MCM

Consultant



Activity 3.6.3. Identify potential local entrepreneurs;

MCM; Consultant

Activity 3.6.4. Training in business and entrepreneurial skills.

MCM; Consultant

Output 3.7. Protected areas consolidated into viable management units through co-management agreements

Activity 3.7.1. Prioritize the areas proposed in the preparation stage for connectivity;

CASU

Activity 3.7.2. Identify and select potential options for connectivity based on ground-truthing of the assessments carried out in the preparation stage;

CASU, specialist service provider

Activity 3.7.3. Negotiate the most effective co-management arrangements for the selected options;

CASU, specialist service provider

Activity 3.7.4. Develop the legal co-management agreement;

CASU, specialist service provider

Activity 3.7.5. Establish the most appropriate structure to manage the implementation;

CASU, specialist service provider

Activity 3.7.6. Facilitate the transition of the agreement to implementation;

CASU

Activity 3.7.7. Prepare the amendment to proclamation.

CASU






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