United Nations Development Programme Global Environment Facility Full Project – Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity on the South African Wild Coast



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UNDP Project Document
Government of South Africa
United Nations Development Programme

Global Environment Facility
Full Project – Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity on the South African Wild Coast
P
Brief Description: South Africa has made tremendous strides towards establishing a well-managed national system of PAs. However, the PA estate covers only 6 % of the national territory, and presently is not representative of the full range of major habitat types that demand protection. The country’s status as a mega diversity area, characterized by a high turnover of biodiversity across ecological landscapes, amplifies the inherent challenges in establishing and strengthening a representative PA estate. Traditionally PAs have been established on State Land and more recently on private lands under various management agreements with conservation authorities. There is however, an unmet need to establish PAs on communal lands, where several conservation hotspots demanding attention are located, the realization of which demands the development of new systems for co-management between Government authorities, local communities and the private sector. Such approaches, when coupled with other innovations being piloted in South Africa for conservation on private lands, will improve prospects for achieving conservation targets within the national protected area system, while also improving management effectiveness in PAs where public administration alone is inappropriate.

The Project seeks to develop a representative PA estate on communally owned land along the Wild Coast of the Eastern Cape Province. These protected areas will be managed under a range of collaborative management (co-management) agreements between Provincial, Local and National authorities, local communities and the private sector, as suited to the management challenges facing different sites. There are three main intervention areas: strengthening the institutional framework for co-management; enhancing management effectiveness within a rationalised and more representative system of protected areas (IUCN management category II and IV – National Park, Provincial Nature Reserves and Marine Protected Area), operating under co-management agreements with local communities and the private sector; and developing a functioning network of effectively managed multiple resource use protected areas (IUCN management category V and VI – Protected Natural Environments and Indigenous State Forests) in active collaboration with local communities. These interventions will be nested in a land use plan for the Wild Coast that integrates the management of PA’s with the regional sustainable development framework. GEF funding will be allocated towards building capacity at the systemic, institutional and individual levels for PA co-management while significant co-financing has been leveraged for accompanying environmental management and community development activities. Collectively, these interventions are expected to provide a paradigm for progressive replication elsewhere in South Africa, with the aim of strengthening the PA system.


IMS 1767
TABLE OF CONTENTS


ACRONYMS 4

SECTION I: Elaboration of the Narrative 6

PART I: SITUATION ANALYSIS 6



Context and global significance 6

Institutional, sectoral and policy context 14

Stakeholder analysis 21

Baseline analysis 23

PART II. STRATEGY 26



Project Rationale and Policy Conformity 26

Project Goal, Objectives, Outcomes and Outputs/activities 26

Project Indicators, Risks and Assumptions 32

Expected global, national and local benefits 36

Country Ownership: Country Eligibility and Country Drivenness 36

Linkages with UNDP Country Programme 38

Linkages with GEF Financed Projects 38

Sustainability 39

Replicability 40

PART III. MANAGEMENT ARRANGEMENTS 42

PART IV. MONITORING AND EVALUATION PLAN AND BUDGET 44

PART V. LEGAL CONTEXT 47



SECTION II: Strategic Results Framework and GEF Increment 48

PART I. Incremental Cost Analysis 48

PART II: Logical Framework Analysis 54

Baseline 54

Target 54

Baseline 55

Target 55

SECTION III: Total Budget and Workplan 61

SECTION IV: Additional Information 63

PART I: OTHER AGREEMENTS 63

Response to GEF Council Comments 63

64


PART II: ORGANOGRAM OF PROJECT 65

PART III: TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR KEY PROJECT STAFF 66



Duration: 5 years 66

Duration: 5 years 67

Duration: 5 years 67

Duration: Part-time (5 years) 68

Duration: Part-time (6 years) 69

Duration: 5 years 69

PART IV: STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT PLAN 70

PART V: MAP OF PROJECT AREA 81

PART VI: THREAT ANALYSIS 82

PART VII: REPLICATION STRATEGY 86

(iii) At a national level, SANBI is also establishing a National Knowledge Management System, housed in SANBI’s Collaborative Learning Centre, to house and disseminate lessons learnt and exchange ideas between biodiversity conservation projects across southern Africa. 87

PART VIII: MONITORING AND EVALUATION PLAN 88

PART IX: REFERENCES 97

Project Budget 100

Signature 100

Date 100

Name/Title 100

National Treasury 100

GEF Focal Point 100

DEAT 100



Executing Agency 100

UNDP 100


ACRONYMS

AIDS



Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

APR

Annual Project Report

ARC

Agriculture Research Council

AWP

Annual Work Plan

BC&CM

Biodiversity Conservation and Coastal Management

C.A.P.E.

Cape Action for People and Environment

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CASU

Co-management Assistance Support Unit

CCA

Coastal Conservation Area

CCF

Country Cooperation Framework

CDEA

Chief Directorate of Environmental Affairs

CMA

Catchment Management Agency

CFR

Cape Floristic Region

CMS

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

CO

Country Office

CPA

Communal Property Association

CPPP

Community Public Private Partnership

DA

Department of Agriculture

DBSA

Development Bank of Southern Africa

DEAET

Eastern Cape Department of Economic Affairs, Environment and Tourism

DEAT

Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism

DHLG&T

Department of Housing, Local Government and Traditional Affairs

D:IFM

Directorate – Indigenous Forest Management

DLA

Department of Land Affairs

DME

Department of Mineral and Energy Affairs

DoT

Department of Transport

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

DWAF

Department of Water Affairs and Forestry

ECDC

Eastern Cape Development Corporation

ECPB

Eastern Cape Parks Board

ECTB

Eastern Cape Tourism Board

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EMCA

Environmental Management Co-operation Agreements

EOP

End of Project

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GSoA

Government of South Africa

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

IA

Implementing Agency

IBA

Important Bird Area for Africa

IDT

Independent Development Trust

IGCC

Inter-governmental Coordination Committee

IDP

Integrated Development Plan

INR

Institute of Natural Resources

IR

Inception Report

ISRDP

Integrated Sustainable Rural Development Program

IUCN

The World Conservation Union

KMS

Knowledge Management System

KZN



KwaZulu Natal

LUMS

Land Use Management System

M&E

Monitoring and Evaluation

MCM

Marine and Coastal Management

MEC

Member of Executive Committee

METT

Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool

MPA

Marine Protected Area

MINMEC

Ministerial Environmental Committee

NBSAP

National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan

NEMA

National Environmental Management Act

NFA

National Forest Act

NGO

Non-governmental Organization

NSBA

National Spatial Biodiversity Assessment

PA

Protected Area

PAM

Protected Area Management Department

PC

Pondoland Center of Endemism

PCC

Provincial Coastal Committee

PFM

Participatory Forest Management

PGDP

Provincial Growth and Development Plan

PIR

Project Implementation Review

PMU

Program Management Unit

PRA

Participatory Rural Appraisal

PSC

Program Steering Committee

PSDP

Provincial Spatial Development Plan

PTO

Permission-To-Occupy

PWD

Public Works Department

RMPT

Reserve Management Planning Team

RSA

Republic of South Africa

SANBI

South African National Biodiversity Institute

SANParks

South African National Parks

SBA

Standard Basic Agreement

SEA

Strategic Environmental Assessment

SDF

Spatial Development Framework

TBD

To be Determined

TPC

Thresholds of Potential Concern

TRALSO

Transkei Land Service Organization

UN

United Nations

UNDP

United Nations Development Program

WCSDI

Wild Coast Spatial Development Initiative

WCDO

Wild Coast Development Organization

WCTC

Wild Coast Technical Committee

WCTDP

Wild Coast Tourism Development Policy

WESSA

Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa

WMA

Water Management Area

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature



SECTION I: Elaboration of the Narrative

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