Unit One Beginnings of Civilization 4 Million B. C. – 200 B. C



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Unit One

Beginnings of Civilization

4 Million B.C. – 200 B.C.
Prehistory – 2500 B.C. Chapter 1 pp. 5 - 13
Human Origins in Africa:

Objectives ~



  • Describe key scientific findings about human origins.

  • List the characteristics of civilization.

  • List human achievements during the Stone Age.

  • Trace emergence of modern humans.

  • State discoveries about early humans.

Key Terms & Names



  • Artifact

  • Culture

  • Hominid

  • Paleolithic Age

  • Neolithic Age

  • Technology

  • Homo sapiens


The Americans

40,000 B.C. – 700 A.D. Chapter 9 (pp. 232 – 251)
The Earliest Americans

Objectives ~



  • Trace the route of the first inhabitants’ migration to the Americas.

  • Explain the origins and impact of agriculture in the Americas.

Terms & Names



  • Beringia

  • Ice Age

  • Maize

Early Mesoamerican Civilizations

Objectives ~



  • Describe the achievements of Olmec civilizations.

  • Trace the rise and fall of the Zapotec.

  • Identify contributions to later Mesoamerican cultures.

Key Terms & Names



  • Mesoamerica

  • Olmec

  • Zapotec


Humans Try to Control Nature

Objectives ~



  • List technological and artistic achievements of the Paleolithic Age.

  • Describe the Neolithic Revolution.

  • Explain the growth of villages.

Key Terms & Names



  • Nomad

  • Hunter-gatherer

  • Neolithic Revolution

  • Slash-and-burn farming

  • Domestication

Early River Valley Civilizations

3500 B.C. – 450 B.C.

Chapter 2 (pp. 26 – 57)


City – States in Mesopotamia

Objectives ~



  • Summarize how geography affected culture in the Fertile Crescent.

  • Describe city-states and how other cultures learned about them.

  • Describe Sumerian religious beliefs, social structure, and technology.

  • Explain the influence of Sumer on later civilizations

Key Terms & Names



  • Fertile Crescent

  • Mesopotamia

  • City-State

  • Cuneiform

  • ziggurat

  • Cultural Diffusion

  • Polytheism

  • Empire

  • Hammurabi


Pyramids on the Nile

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the effect of geography on the development of Egyptian culture.

  • Explain how Egypt united into a kingdom.

  • Describe ancient Egyptian religion, social structure, and technology.

  • Explain the decline of the Old Kingdom.

Key Terms & Names



  • Delta

  • Pharaoh

  • Pyramid

  • Mummification

  • Hieroglyphics


Planned Cities on the Indus

Objectives ~



  • Describe the impact of geography on the Indus Valley culture.

  • Describe Indus Valley cities and culture.

  • List theories about the decline of the Indus Valley civilization.

  • Explain why the plumbing systems built by the Indus people were so advanced.

Key Terms & Names




River Dynasties in China

Objectives ~



  • Explain the effects of geography on cultural development in China.

  • Describe the growth and structure of the Shang Dynasty.

  • Describe Shang family structure, religion, and technology.

  • Summarize the rise and fall of the Zhou Dynasty.

Key Terms & Names



  • Loess

  • Oracle bone

  • Dynasty

  • Mandate of Heaven

  • Dynastic cycle

People and Ideas on the Move

2000 B.C. – 250 B.C.

Chapter 3 (pp. 58 – 85)


Indo – Europeans

Objectives ~



  • Describe the spread of Indo-Europeans and their language.

  • Identify the Hittite empire and effects of its technology on other societies.

  • Summarize the possible Aryan invasion of India and the culture that resulted.

Terms & Names



  • Indo-Europeans

  • Steppes

  • Migration

  • Hittites

  • Anatolia

  • Aryans

  • Vedas

  • Brahmin

  • Caste


Hinduism and Buddhism Develop

Objectives ~



  • Describe the Origins, beliefs, and development of Hinduism.

  • Explain the origins, beliefs, and development of Buddhism.

Terms & Names



  • Reincarnation

  • Karma

  • Dharma

  • Jainism

  • Siddhartha Gautama

  • Enlightenment

  • Nirvana

  • Four Noble Truths

  • Eight fold Path


Seafaring Traders

Objectives ~



  • Describe Minoan Civilization.

  • Identify contributions of the Phoenicians.

  • Summarize the extent and impact of ancient world trade.

  • Analyze ancient trade routes.

  • Identify reasons for trading success.

Terms & Names



  • Minoans

  • Aegean Sea

  • Knossos

  • King Minos

  • Phoenicians

  • Cultural Diffusion


The Origins of Judaism

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the history and beliefs of the ancient Hebrews.

  • Explain the historical and cultural importance of the Exodus.

  • Describe Israel under Saul, David, and Solomon.

  • Describe Israel’s destruction and the Hebrew’s exile in Babylon.

Terms & Names



  • Palestine

  • Canaan

  • Torah

  • Abraham

  • Monotheism

  • Covenant

  • Moses

  • Israel

  • Judah

  • Ten Commandments

First Age of Empires

1570 B.C. – 200 B.C.

Chapter 4 (pp. 86 – 111)



The Egyptian and Nubian Empires

Objectives ~



  • Why was Egypt invaded?

  • Indentify key events in the history and decline of Egypt’s New Kingdom.

  • Describe the Kushite conquest of Egypt.

  • Summarize the achievements of Meroe.

Key Terms & Names



  • Hyksos

  • New Kingdom

  • Hatshepust

  • Nubia

  • Ramses II

  • Kush


The Assyrian Empire

Objectives ~



  • Analyze the sources of Assyrian military strength.

  • Evaluate Assyrian achievements.

  • Trace Assyrian decline.

Key Terms & Names



  • Assyria

  • Nineveh


The Persian Empire

Objectives ~



  • Explain the rise of the Persian Empire.

  • List features of the Persian Government.

  • Describe the Persian Legacy.

Key Terms & Names

  • Cyrus

  • Darius

  • Royal Road


The Unification of China

Objectives ~



  • Summarize Confucian ideas about the family and about society.

  • Identify ethical systems of this period.

  • Describe the rise and fall of the Qin Dynasty.

  • Understand why the Great Wall of China was built.

Key Terms & Names



  • Confucius

  • Filial Piety

  • Bureaucracy

  • Daoism

  • Legalism

  • I Ching

  • Yin and Yang

  • Qin Dynasty

  • Shi Huangdi

  • Autocracy

  • The Great Wall of China


Unit Two

New Directions in Government and Society

2000 B.C. – A.D. 700

Classical Greece

2000 B. C. – 300 B.C. Chapter 5 (pp. 120 – 151)
Cultures of the Mountains and the Sea

Objectives ~



  • Identify the ways geography and climate shaped Greek life.

  • Explain the rise and development of Mycenaean civilization.

  • Describe how Homer and Greek Myths contributed to early Greek culture.

Key Terms & Names



  • Mycenaean

  • Trojan War

  • Dorian

  • Homer

  • Epic

  • Myth


Warring City-States

Objectives ~



  • Identify the different political systems that developed in the Greek city-states.

  • Describe the government of Athens.

  • Explain how Athenian and Spartan governments differed.

  • Summarize the battles and results of the Persian Wars.

Key Terms & Names



  • Polis

  • Acropolis

  • Monarchy

  • Aristocracy

  • Oligarchy

  • Tyrant

  • Democracy

  • Helot

  • Phalanx

  • Persian Wars


Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age

Objectives ~



  • Indentify three goals of Pericles.

  • Describe Greek art and architecture.

  • Summarize the work of Greek dramatists and historians.

  • Explain the major conflicts in the Peloponnesian War.

  • Identify Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

Key Terms & Names

  • Direct democracy

  • Classical art

  • Tragedy

  • Comedy

  • Peloponnesian War

  • Philosopher

  • Socrates

  • Plato

  • Aristotle


Alexander’s Empire

Objectives ~



  • Describe Philip’s conquest of Greece.

  • Explain how Alexander defeated the Persian Empire.

  • Summarize Alexander’s conquests and their impact on future cultures.

Key Terms & Names



  • Philip II

  • Macedonia

  • Alexander the Great

  • Darius III


The Spread of Hellenistic Culture

Objectives ~



  • Define Hellenistic culture.

  • Identify the achievements of Hellenistic scholars.

  • Summarize the major philosophies and artistic styles of the Hellenistic period.

Key Terms & Names



  • Hellenistic

  • Alexandria

  • Euclid

  • Archimedes

  • Colossus of Rhodes

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity

2000 B.C. – 500 A.D. Chapter 6 (pp. 152 – 185)
The Roman Republic

Objectives ~



  • Describe how geography influenced Rome’s development.

  • Explain the main institutions of the Roman Republic.

  • Describe how the Punic Wars helped increase Roman Power.

Key Terms & Names



  • Republic

  • Patrician

  • Plebeian

  • Tribune

  • Consul

  • Senate

  • Dictator

  • Legion

  • Punic Wars

  • Hannibal

  • Twelve Tables


The Roman Empire

Objectives ~



  • Analyze problems facing the Republic

  • Summarize events leading to the creation of the Roman Empire

  • Describe the empire’s economy and government

Key Terms & Names



  • Civil war

  • Julius Caesar

  • Triumvirate

  • Augustus

  • Pax Romana


The Rise of Christianity

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the life of Jesus.

  • Trace the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.

  • Analyze Christianity’s appeal.

Key Terms & Names



  • Jesus

  • Apostle

  • Paul

  • Diaspora

  • Constantine

  • Bishop

  • Peter

  • Pope


The Fall of the Roman Empire

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the decline of the Roman Empire.

  • Describe the reforms of Diocletian and Constantine.

  • Trace the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

Key Term & Names



  • Inflation

  • Mercenary


Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization

Objectives ~



  • Describe the legacy of the Greco-Roman Empire civilization.

  • Identify Roman achievements in the arts, sciences, and law.

Terms & Names



  • Greco-Roman culture

  • Pompeii

  • Virgil

  • Aqueduct

India and China Establish Empires

400 B.C. – 550 A.D. Chapter 7 (pp. 186 – 209)
India’s first Empire

Objectives ~



  • Trace the rise and fall of India’s first unified kingdom.

  • Compare events in India’s three regions after the fall of the Mauryan Empire.

  • Describe the rise of the Gupta Empire.

Terms & Names



  • Mauryan Empire

  • Asoka

  • Religious toleration

  • Tamil

  • Gupta Empire

  • Patriarchal

  • Matriarchal


Trade Spreads Indian Religions and Culture

Objectives ~



  • Explain why and how religion changed in India.

  • Describe achievements in Indian literature, art, science, and mathematics.

  • Summarize Indian trade and its effects on India and other Asian cultures.

Terms & Names



  • Mahayana

  • Theravada

  • Stupa

  • Brahma

  • Vishnu

  • Shiva

  • Kalidasa

  • Silk Roads


Han Emperors in China

Objectives ~



  • Describe the rise and rule of the Han Dynasty and the structure of the Han government.

  • Characterize Han technology, commerce, and culture.

  • Analyze the fall and return of the Han.

Terms & Names



  • Han Dynasty

  • Centralized government

  • Civil service

  • Monopoly

  • Assimilation


African Civilizations

1500 B.C. – 700 A.D. Chapter 8 (pp. 210 – 231)
Diverse Societies in Africa

Objectives ~



  • Identify the different geographic regions of Africa and explain how early Africans adapted to their environments.

  • Summarize the achievements of early West African societies.

  • Trace growth of African ironworking.

Terms & Names



  • Sahara

  • Sahel

  • Savanna

  • Animism

  • Griot

  • Nok



Migration

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the causes and effects of human migration.

  • Describe the Bantu migrations into the southern half of Africa.

Terms & Names



  • Migration

  • Push-pull factors

  • Bantu-speaking peoples


The Kingdom of Aksum

Objectives ~



  • Explain how maritime trade led to Aksum’s growth.

  • Give examples of Aksum’s achievements.

  • Explain the effects of the Muslim invasion of Askum.

Terms & Names



  • Aksum

  • Adulis

  • Ezana

  • Terraces

Unit Three

An Age of Exchange and Encounter

500 – 1500

The Muslim World

600 – 1250 Chapter 10 (pp.260 – 281)
The Rise of Islam

Objectives ~



  • Describe Arabia before the rise of Islam.

  • Describe how Mohammad began to unify the Arabian Peninsula under Islam.

  • Identify Islamic beliefs and practices.

Terms & Names



  • Allah

  • Mohammad

  • Islam

  • Hijrah

  • Mosque

  • Hajj

  • Qur’an

  • Sunna

  • Shari’a

  • Five Pillars


Islam Expands

Objectives ~



  • Describe how Mohammad’s successors spread Islam.

  • List conflicts within the Umayyad state.

  • Explain how rivalries split Islam.

Terms & Names



  • Caliph

  • Umayyads

  • Shi’ite

  • Sunni

  • Sufi

  • Abbasids



Muslim Culture

Objectives ~



  • Describe society under the Abbasids.

  • Identify Muslim accomplishments in art in science.

  • Describe Muslim attitudes toward philosophy and religion.

Terms & Names



  • House of Wisdom

  • Calligraphy

World Religions & Ethical Systems pp. 284 - 295

  • Christianity

  • Islam

  • Buddhism

  • Hinduism

  • Judaism

  • Confucianism

  • Animism


Byzantines, Russians, and Turks

500 - 1500 Chapter 11 (pp. 298 – 319)
The Byzantine Empire

Objectives ~



  • Describe Byzantine politics and the rise of Emperor Justinian.

  • Describe Justinian’s achievements and life in Constantinople.

  • Identify causes of the Byzantine Empire’s collapse

  • Explain why the Eastern and Western churches created two traditions.

Terms & Names



  • Justinian

  • Justinian Code

  • Hagia Sophia

  • Patriarch

  • Icon

  • Excommunication

  • Cyrillic alphabet


The Russian Empire

Objectives ~



  • Summarize the Slavic, Greek, and Viking roots of Russia and Russian culture.

  • Explain how the Mongols conquered and ruled Russia.

  • Describe Russia’s rise to independence.

Terms & Names



  • Slavs

  • Ivan III

  • Czar


Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia

Objectives ~



  • Describe the rise of the Seljuk Turks and their impact on Persian culture.

  • Explain how internal problems and foreign attack ended Seljuk power.

Terms & Names



  • Seljuks




Empires in the East

600 – 1350 Chapter 12 (pp. 350 – 375 )
Tang and Song China

Objectives ~



  • Identify the main rulers of the Tang Dynasty.

  • Describe the causes and effects of the Song Dynasty’s retreat to the south.

  • Summarize the achievements of the Tang and Song empires.

  • Describe changes in Chinese society.

Terms & Names



  • Tang Taizong

  • Wu Zhao

  • Movable type

  • Gentry


The Mongol Conquests

Objectives ~



  • Describe the geography of the steppe and lifestyles of nomads.

  • Explain Khan’s successes.

  • Summarize the extent of the Mongol Empire and its divisions.

Terms & Names



  • Pastoralist

  • Clan

  • Genghis Khan

The Mongol Empire

~ Objectives



  • Summarize Kublai Khan’s conquests.

  • Describe Mongol rule in China.

  • Explain the fall of Mongol rule.

Terms & Names



  • Kublai Khan

  • Marco Polo


Feudal Powers in Japan

Objectives ~



  • Describe Japan’s early history and culture.

  • Draw conclusions about life in the Heian court.

  • Describe Feudal Japan.

Terms & Names



  • Shinto

  • Samurai

  • Bushido

  • Shogun


Kingdoms of Southeast Asia and Korea

Objectives ~



  • Describe kingdoms of Southeast Asia.

  • Summarize early Korean history.

Terms & Names



  • Khmer Empire


European Middle Ages

500 – 1200 Chapter 13 (pp. 350 – 375)
Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms

Objectives ~



  • Identify effects of Germanic invasions

  • Explain new ideas about government.

  • Trace the spread of Christianity among Germanic peoples.

  • Describe Charlemagne’s empire.

Terms & Names



  • Middle Ages

  • Franks

  • Monastery

  • Secular

  • Charlemagne


Feudalism in Europe

Objectives ~



  • Describe the effects of new invasions on Western Europe.

  • Explain the structure of Feudalism and the role of the manor system.

  • Compare and contrast feudalism in Europe and Japan.

Terms & Names



  • Lord

  • Fief

  • Vassal

  • Knight

  • Serf

  • Manor

  • Tithe

The Age of Chivalry

Objectives ~



  • Explain the technology, standards, and training of knights.

  • Summarize the roles and status of medieval women.

  • Analyze how medieval literature depicts chivalry, knighthood, and women.

  • Compare offensive defensive tactics used during a siege.

Terms & Names



  • Chivalry


The Power of the Church

Objectives ~



  • Describe the Church’s structure, power, and influence.

  • List events in the power struggle between popes and German emperors.

  • Explain why Germany’s feudal states did not unify during the Middle Ages.

Terms & Names



  • Clergy

  • Sacrament

  • Canon law

  • Holy Roman Empire


The Formation of Western Europe

800 – 1500 Chapter 14 (pp. 376 – 405)
Church Reform and the Crusades

Objectives ~



  • Explain the spiritual revival and Church reforms and began in the 11th century.

  • Describe Gothic cathedrals of the 12th century.

  • Summarize the causes of the Crusades and analyze the effects of the Crusades.

Terms & Names



  • Gothic

  • Urban II

  • Crusade

  • Saladin

  • Richard the Lion Hearted

  • Reconquista

  • Inquisition



Changes in Medieval Society

Objectives ~



  • Describe advances in agriculture.

  • Explain the importance of guilds.

  • Trace the growth of trade and finance and the development of medieval towns.

  • Explain the new interest in learning.

Terms & Names



  • Three-field system

  • Guild

  • Commercial Revolution

  • Vernacular

  • Thomas Aquinas

  • Scholastics


England and France Develop

Objectives ~



  • Describe the various invaders who contributed to English culture.

  • Explain how England’s government took the first steps toward democracy.

Terms & Names



  • William the Conqueror

  • Henry II

  • Common law

  • Magna Carta

  • Parliament


The Hundred Years’ War and the Plague

Objectives ~



  • Identify the problems faced by the Church during the 1300s and early 1400s.

  • Describe the bubonic plague and its effects on Europe.

  • Explain the Hundred Years’ War and its impact.

Terms & Names



  • Great Schism

  • Bubonic plague

  • John Wycliffe

  • Joan of Arc


Societies and Empires of Africa

800 – 1500 Chapter 15 (pp. 406 – 429)
North and Central African Societies

Objectives ~



  • Define hunting-gathering societies.

  • Describe how a stateless society is run.

  • Explain effects of Islam in North Africa.

Terms & Names



  • Lineage

  • Stateless societies

  • Patrilineal

  • Matrilineal


West African Civilizations

Objectives ~



  • Explain how the gold-salt trade led to the rise of Ghana.

  • Describe how Mansa Musa advanced Mali.

  • Describe the Songhai Empire.

  • Identify the kingdom of Benin.

Terms & Names



  • Ghana

  • Mali

  • Mansa Musa

  • Ibn Battuta

  • Songhai

  • Benin


Unit Four

Connecting the Hemispheres

500 – 1800
People and Empires in the Americas

500 – 1500 Chapter 16 (pp. 438 -467)
Maya Kings and Cities

Objectives ~



  • Describe key features of Maya kingdoms.

  • Explain Maya beliefs and achievements.

  • Identify reasons for the decline of the Maya.

Terms & Names



  • Glyph

  • Codex

The Aztecs Control Central Mexico

Objectives ~



  • Describe the Teotihuacan and Toltec cultures of the Valley of Mexico.

  • Describe Aztec society, religion, and urban planning.

  • Identify factors that led to the decline of the Aztecs.

Key Terms



  • Montezuma II


The Inca Create a Mountain Empire

Objectives ~



  • Trace the Incan rise to power.

  • Describe Incan government and religion.

  • Describe discord in the Incan Empire.

Key Terms



  • Quipu


European Renaissance and Reformation

1300 – 1600 Chapter 17 (pp. 468 – 503)
Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance

Objective ~



  • Explain the conditions in Italy that gave rise to the Renaissance.

  • Identify the values and ideas prized during the Renaissance.

  • Describe the artistic breakthroughs and achievements of Renaissance artists.

  • Summarize influential literary works and techniques of key Renaissance writers.

Terms & Names



  • Renaissance

  • Humanism

  • Secular

  • Patron

  • Perspective

  • Vernacular


Reformation

The Muslim World Expands

1300 – 1700 Chapter 18 (pp. 504 – 525)
The Ottomans Build a Vast Empire

Objectives ~



  • Describe the Ottomans Empire’s origins.

  • Trace the expansion of Ottoman power.

  • Identify achievements under Suleyman the lawgiver.

  • Explain the empire’s slow decline.

Terms & Names



  • Ottoman

  • Sultan

  • Suleyman the Lawgiver


The Safavid Empire

Objectives ~



  • Safavid

  • Isma’il

  • Shah

  • Shah Abbas

  • Esfahan

The Mughal Empire in India

Objectives ~



  • Describe the rise of the Mughal Empire.

  • Analyze the achievements of Akbar.

  • List triumphs and failures of Akbar’s successors.

  • Explain why the empire declined.

Terms & Names



  • Mughal

  • Babur

  • Akbar

  • Sikh

  • Shah Jahan

  • Taj Mahal



An Age of Explorations nd Isolation

1400 – 1800 Chapter 19 (pp.526 – 549)
Europeans Explore the East

Objectives ~



  • Explain what led to European exploration.

  • Describe Portugal’s discovery of a sea route to Asia.

  • Explain the rivalry between Spain and Portugal and how the pope resolved it.

  • Identify nations that set up trading empires in eastern Asia.

Terms & Names



  • Bartolomeu Dias

  • Prince Henry

  • Vasco da Gama

  • Treaty of Tordesillas

  • Dutch East India Company

  • “God, Glory, and Gold”

China Limits European Contacts

Objectives ~



  • Identify the successes of the early Ming emperors.

  • Describe China and Korea under Qing dynasty.

  • Describe life in Ming and Qing China.

Terms & Names



  • Ming Dynasty

  • Hongwu

  • Yonglo

  • Zheng He

  • Manchus

  • Qing Dynasty


Japan Returns to Isolation

Objectives ~



  • Summarize how three powerful daimyo succeeded in unifying feudal powers.

  • Describe Japanese society and culture during the Tokugawa Shogunate.

  • Explain how Japan’s policies toward Europeans changed.

  • Explain the purpose and effect of Japan’s closed country policies.

Terms & Names



  • Daimyo

  • Tokugawa Shogunate

  • Haiku

  • Kabuki


The Start of 10th
The Atlantic World

1492 – 1800 Chapter 20 (pp. 550 – 577)
Spain Builds an American Empire

Objectives ~



  • Describe the voyages of Columbus and his contemporaries.

  • Describe the Spanish conquests of the Aztecs and the Inca.

  • Identify the effects of Spanish colonization in the Americas.

  • Trace the level of resistance to Spanish rule by indigenous people.

Terms & Names



  • Christopher Columbus

  • Colony

  • Hernando Cortes

  • Conquistador

  • Encomienda




  • European Nations Settle North America

Objectives ~

  • Summarize competing claims in North America.

  • Identify English colonial activities in North America.

  • Describe the Native American response to land claims made by Europeans.

Terms & Names



  • New France

  • Jamestown

  • Pilgrims

  • Puritans

  • New Netherland

  • French and Indian War



The Atlantic Slave Trade

Objectives ~



  • Identify the causes of African Slavery.

  • Trace the spread of slavery throughout the Americas.

  • Explain the triangular trade.

  • Describe the life of enslaved Africans in the colonies.

  • Identify the consequences of the Atlantic slave trade.

Terms & Names



  • Atlantic slave trade

  • Triangular trade

  • Middle passage



The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade

Objective ~



  • Explain the Columbian Exchange.

  • Identify factors that led to the development of global trade.

  • Describe the effects of new economic policies on European society.

Terms & Names



  • Columbian Exchange

  • Capitalism

  • Joint-stock company

  • Mercantilism

  • Favorable balance of trade


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