Unable to defeat them at sea, or invade the island, Napoleon’s goal was to have all the European nations under his control to unleash an embargo on goods coming from Great Britain, in the hope that it would cripple the British economy
Dealt with everything from civil liberties to private property and citizenship
A very patriarchal document which made it clear that a woman’s responsibility was to her husband
The Napoleonic Wars:
Wars that lasted from approximately 1803 to 1815 between the French Empire and surrounding European Nations
Napoleon conquered much of Europe, and while doing so created a sense of nationalism within Germany, Italy and the Latin colonies that were a part of Portugal and Spain’s empires
The Peninsular War:
A war from 1808 to 1814 between France and the allied powers of Great Britain, Spain and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula
Spain initially gave Napoleon permission to march through the nation to conquer Portugal, but Napoleon then took control of the Portuguese and Spanish thrones
The Spanish and Portuguese empires refused to be a part of the French empire, and turned against their imposed French rulers
The Spanish and Portuguese colonies followed suit refusing to adhere to French rule
When monarchies were restored to both Spain and Portugal, the colonies refused to return to the former mode of government, leading to the wars of Latin American independence
From The Imperial Catechism, 1806 Question: What are the duties of Christians toward those who govern them, and what in particular are our duties towards Napoleon I, our emperor?
Answer: Christians owe to the princes who govern them, and we in particular owe to Napoleon I, our emperor, love, respect, obedience, fidelity, military service, and the taxes levied for the preservation and defense of the empire and of his throne. We also owe him fervent prayers for his safety and for the spiritual and temporal prosperity of the state.
Question:Why are we subject to all these duties toward our emperor?
Answer:First, because God, who has created empires and distributes them according to his will, has, by loading our emperor with gifts both in peace and in war, established him as our sovereign and made him the agent of his power and his image upon earth. To honor and serve our emperor is therefore to honor and serve God himself. Secondly, because our Lord Jesus Christ himself, both by his teaching and his example, has taught us what we owe to our sovereign. Even at his very birth he obeyed the edict of Caesar Augustus; he paid the established tax; and while he commanded us to render to God those things which belong to God, he also commanded us to render unto Caesar those things which are Caesar's.
Answer: Yes, for it is he whom God has raised up in trying times to re-establish the public worship of the holy religion of our fathers and to be its protector; he has re-established and preserved public order by his profound and active wisdom; he defends the state by his mighty arm; he has become the anointed of the Lord by the consecration which he has received from the sovereign pontiff, head of the Church universal.
Question: What must we think of those who are wanting in their duties toward our emperor?
Answer: According to the apostle Paul, they are resisting the order established by God himself and render themselves worthy of eternal damnation.
“The Imperial Catechism, 1806.” The Modern History Sourcebook. 30 March 2007.
The exercise of civil rights is independent of the quality of citizen, which is only acquired and preserved conformably to the constitutional law.
Every Frenchman shall enjoy civil rights.
Every individual born in France of a foreigner, may, during the year which shall succeed the period of his majority, claim the quality of Frenchman; provided, that if he shall reside in France he declares his intention to fix his domicile in that country
Every child born of a Frenchman in a foreign country is French. Every child born in a foreign country of a Frenchman who shall have lost the quality of a Frenchman, may at any time recover this quality by complying with the formalities prescribed in the ninth article.
A foreigner shall enjoy in France the same civil rights as are or shall be accorded to Frenchmen by the treaties of that nation to which such foreigner shall belong.
The foreigner who shall have married a Frenchman, shall follow the condition of her husband.
Of the respective Rights and Duties of Married Persons.
The husband owes protection to his wife, the wife obedience to her
moveables, which belong to his wife. He cannot alienate the personal immoveables of his wife without her consent.
A dowry settled by the husband alone on a common child, in the effects of
the community, is at the charge of the community; and in the case in which community is accepted by the wife, the latter may contribute a moiety of the dowry, unless the husband have expressly declared that he charged himself with the whole thereof, or with a portion greater than a moiety.
“The Civil Code Index, 1804.” Research Subjects: Government and Politics and
Napoleon Series. 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2010. http://www.napoleon-