Unit 6 Greek Political Systems Study Guide Key Points
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Unit 6 Greek
Political Systems Study Guide
Many Greek city-states began as monarchies. Some became aristocracies or oligarchies. This happened when the aristocrats close to the king overthrew the monarch and took power.
When commoners became unhappy with oligarchies, they supported powerful military men who overthrew the oligarchies. These men set themselves up as tyrants. Some tyrannies were very popular and prosperous. Other tyrants abused their power and became unpopular.
Athenians expanded the access common people had to government in gradual steps. They did this until all Athenian citizens could take part in government.
In Athens, all citizens had a voice and a vote in the making of laws. Citizens also served on juries. They could run for public office.
Athenian democracy was a direct democracy. This meant that all citizens had a direct role in making laws and running the government.
Athens was the first democracy. It was one of the inspirations for the founders of the U.S. government more than 2,000 years later.
Athens built its economy on trade. Because it had wealth from trade, Athens could become a culturally rich city-state. Athenian boys were trained to become thinkers as well as craftsmen, artists, or businesspeople.
Sparta developed as a farming and military city-state. Spartan citizens trained as warriors to defend their city-state from attacks and uprisings. Spartan boys were trained from birth to become warriors.
Identify and explain the significance of the following terms:
Monarchy - _________________________________________________________________________________
Oligarchy - _________________________________________________________________________________
Tyranny - __________________________________________________________________________________
Direct Democracy- __________________________________________________________________________
Representative Democracy- ___________________________________________________________________
Who ruled the first city-states? __________________________________________________________________
How did Greek democracy work? _______________________________________________________________
What made Athens powerful? What was daily life like in Athens? ______________________________________
How were the governments of Athens and Sparta different? ___________________________________________
What was daily life like in ancient Sparta? _________________________________________________________
1. Which of the following is closest to the Athenian form of democracy?
A. New England town meeting
B. the House of Representatives
C. Virginia House of Burgesses
D. the Electoral College
2. How did Athenians determine if a man should be exiled from Greece as a punishment for a crime?
A. The man could choose between death and exile if he murdered another man.
B. Only the women and children of Athens were allowed to banish the criminals of the city. They did so by casting a vote.
C. Exile was never a form of punishment in Greece.
D. At first it was an oral vote cast by the citizens of Athens. Later black and white beans were used to count votes.
3. Why did the males of Sparta have so much time to spend on military training?
A. Their land was too poor to farm
B. They trained only in winter after the crops were harvested.
C. They relied on enslaved workers to carry out farming tasks.
D. They relied on girls to do all the farming chores.
4. Why did girls in Sparta take part in physical education?
A. They had to be ready to defend the city.
B. They needed to be fit to be good mothers.
C. They took part in the Greek Olympic games.
D. They were sometimes recruited into the army.
5. Which of the following provides the best evidence that the women of Sparta had more power than women in most Greek city-states?
A. They owned large amounts of land.
B. They were able to wrestle and throw the javelin.
C. They trained their sons to be brave in battle.
D. They ate healthy foods.
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