Unit 6: Canton to Versailles: 1850-1919 Readings in McKay



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Unit 6: Canton to Versailles: 1850-1919
Readings in McKay
Chapter 25 The Age of Nationalism

Chapter 26 The West and the World

Chapter 27 The Great Break: War and Revolution

Syllabus with Focus Questions

Date and day Topic and key activities

Day 1 February 4 Wednesday Introduce new unit

Napoleon III in France

Nation building in Italy

Who had the most impact on Italian unification? DBQ
Day 2 February 5 Thursday German Unification

What were Bismarck’s tactics and strategies for German unification?

Did Bismarck have a singular domestic political philosophy?
Day 3 February 9 Monday Modernization of Russia

The Post-Napoleonic Czars (Nicholas I, Alexander II, and Alexander III) were liberals. Support or refute.


Day 4 February 11 Wednesday Responsive National State
Day 5 February 12 Thursday Industrialization and the World Economy
Day 6 February 16 Monday Great Migration

Western Imperialism



Research day

What was the strongest motivating factor for European imperialism?

Colonies allowed outlets for European populations, thereby avoiding a World War before 1914.
Day 7 February 18 Wednesday Responses to Western Imperialism

Resimco committee meeting
Day 8 February 23 Monday The First World War

The Home Front



Unit quiz

Balkan nations like Serbia should have signed the War Guilt Clause of the Treat of Versailles instead of Germany due to their policies before 1914.


Day 9 February 25 Wednesday Russian Revolution

The Peace Settlement



Were the victors justified in setting the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?
Day 10 February 26 Thursday Unit FRQ Test

General Unit Vocabulary





Age of Nationalism

  1. Zemstvo

  2. Blood and iron

  3. North German Confederation

  4. Russian Revolution of 1905

  5. Russian Duma

  6. German Social Democratic party

  7. British Third Reform Bill of 1884

  8. Socialist revisionism

  9. Otto von Bismarck

  10. Benjamin Disraeli

  11. Louis Napoleon Bonaparte

  12. Emmeline Pankurst

  13. Jules Ferry

  14. Sergei Witte

  15. Alexander II

  16. Camillo Benso di Cavour

  17. Edward Bernstein

  18. Alfred Dreyfus

  19. William Gladstone

  20. Guiseppe Garibaldi

  21. William I of Germany

  22. William II of Germany

  23. John Stuart Mill

  24. People’s Budget (Br.)

  25. Napoleon III’s coup

  26. May Day

  27. Tsar Nicholas II’s assassination

  28. Austro-Hungarian monarchy

  29. Paris Commune 1871

  30. Ulter Revolt 1913

  31. Kulturkampt

  32. Austro-Prussian War

  33. Franco-Prussian War

  34. Crimean War

  35. Russo-Japanese War

Imperialism


  1. Social Darwinism

  2. “white man’s burden”

  3. Qing Dynasty

  4. Suez Canal—

  5. Omdurman

  6. Panama Canal

  7. Opium trade and Opium Wars

  8. Treaty of Nanjing—

  9. Commodore Mathew Perry—

  10. Muhammad Ali—

  11. Khedive Ismail

  12. Egyptian Nationalist Party

  13. Great Trek

  14. Boer Afrikaner

  15. Boer War

  16. Union of South Africa

  17. Leopold II of Belgium

  18. Berlin Conference 1884 1885

  19. Japan-Korea 1876

  20. Khartoum 1885

  21. Battle of Omdurman 1898

  22. Imperialism

  23. Great Rebellion India 1857 1858

  24. CECIL RHODES

  25. RUDYARD KIPLING

  26. JOSEPH CONRAD—

  27. HEART OF DARKNESS



World War I


  1. Alliance of the Three Emperors 1881 1887

  2. Russian French Alliance 1891 1917

  3. Triple Entente1914 1918

  4. Anglo French Entente 1904

  5. THE BLACK HAND

  6. "BLANK CHECK" (German foreign policy)

  7. THE SCHIEFFEN PLAN

  8. TRENCH WARFARE

  9. LUSITANIA

  10. HOME FRONT.

  11. TOTAL WAR EFFORT

  12. BOLSHEVIKS

  13. REDS

  14. WHITES

  15. LEAGUE OF NATIONS

  16. FOURTEEN POINTS

  17. RHINELAND

  18. ARCHDUKE FRANCIS FERDINAND

  19. DAVID LLOYD GEORGE

  20. GEORGES CLEMENCEAU

  21. WOODROW WILSON

  22. RASPUTIN

  23. VLADIMIR ILYICH LENIN

  24. LEON TROTSKY

  25. ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT

  26. TREATY OF BREST LITOVSK

  27. TREATY OF VERSAILLES, 1919


Study Questions
Nationalism

  1. How was Germany unified? Described Bismarck’s methods and the long-term results.

  2. Why did nationalism become a universal faith in Europe between 1850 and 1914 and why did it gain the support of the masses of society?

  3. Why did the voters of France election Louis Napoleon president in 1848? What were some of the benefits Napoleon bestowed on his subjects?

  4. How was Italy unified? What were the methods and long-term results?

  5. Why was the Crimean War a turning point in Russian history?

  6. What were the causes and outcomes of the Dreyfus affair in France?

  7. How does one account for the rapid growth in socialist parties in Europe in the last 25 years of the 19c?

Imperialism

  1. What factors speeded up intercontinental trade in the 19c?

  2. What were the push and pull factors of European migration in the 19c?

  3. What distinguished the new imperialism from the earlier colonialism?

  4. Why was Leopold II of Belgium interested in African colonies?

  5. Does the Qing Dynasty’s response to Western imperialism seem more similar to or different than that of Japan and how?

World War I

  1. Who was most responsible for causing World War I?

  2. Did the signers of the Treaty of Versailles learn from or ignore the lessons of the Congress of Vienna?

Past DBQs and FRQs


  1. How and in what ways were economic and political factors responsible for intensifying European imperialist activity in Africa from the mid-nineteenth century to the beginning of the First World War? 1990

  2. Describe and analyze the ways in which Marxism, Freudianism, and the women’s movement challenged traditional European beliefs before the First World War. 1991

  3. Identify and analyze the political and cultural issues in the debate over Pan-Slavism. DBQ 1992

  4. Discuss the effects of the industrial economy on Western European peasant women and working-class women from 1830-1914. 1993

  5. Describe and analyze the controversies over the relationship between the English and the Irish from 1800 to 1916. DBQ 1994

  6. Analyze the key developments that characterized the European economy in the second half of the nineteenth century. 1995

  7. Analyze the policies of three European Colonial powers regarding Africa between 1871 and 1914. 1997

  8. To what extent and in what ways did nationalist tensions in the Balkans between 1870 and 1914 contribute to the outbreak of the First World War? 1998

  9. Contrast how a Marxist and Social Darwinist would account for the differences in the conditions of these two mid-nineteenth-century families. 1999 (two pictures?

  10. For the period 1861 to 1914, analyze how various Russians perceived the condition of the Russian peasantry and explain how they proposed to change that condition. DBQ 1999

  11. Compare and contrast the foreign policy goals and achievements of Metternich (1815-1848) and Bismarck (1862-1890). 2002 B

  12. Describe and analyze changing views toward the concept of a “civil peace” (Burgfrieden) in Germany from 1914 to 1918. DBQ 2003 B

Unit Project




Educational CD Presentation


Setting:

To mark the one hundredth anniversary of the signing of the Anglo-Russian Agreement, which became the basis for the Triple Entente of World War I, European television companies are making a series of documentaries reviewing the period of nationalism and imperialism through World War I. You are part of a European television crew that is making a documentary called Canton to Versailles.



Assignment:

To accompany this film, your crew will also make multimedia CDs for use in schools that show the time period from different nations’ points of view. Your audience is first-year university students in a specific country who should learn about the war but, at the same time, should be exposed to a more balanced view than has previously been presented. Use primary documents like diaries, photos, and posters to explain the long and short term causes of World War I from Imperialism through the Treaty of Versailles. Your multimedia CD should discuss how your country experienced:



  • history of imperialism after 1820,

  • the second industrial revolution

  • migration and immigration

  • Anti-colonial movements and uprisings

  • Conflicts with other European powers before World War I

  • Role in World War I

  • Versailles

For example, you might be a German film crew making a multimedia CD for use in German classes. You would take the German point of view. The countries are:

  1. Germany

  2. Russia

  3. Britain

  4. France

  5. Belgium

  6. Austria-Hungary

  7. Ottoman Empire

  8. United States

  9. Italy

  10. Spain

It will be graded on these five areas:

    • Historical accuracy (content)

    • Skillfully created and concise (process)

    • Presentation is polished and detailed (quality)

    • Engaging and convincing (result)

    • Bibliography in MLA format

  • Follow the broadcast by writing a reflective (self-knowledge) journal essay.

  • 30% of unit grade

  • Please bring four copies to class.

If you would like to see examples of interactive sites that accompanies a documentary, please to go www.pbs.org/empires. There you can explore The Medicis, Napoleon, and Martin Luther.





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