Unit 5 Review: Age of Revolutions (1750-1914) Directions: Complete the following review using your notes and activities from class. Be specific and detailed in your answers. Your answers must be handwritten



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Unit 5 Review: Age of Revolutions (1750-1914)

Directions: Complete the following review using your notes and activities from class. Be specific and detailed in your answers. Your answers must be handwritten. Reviews are due the day of the test: ____________________________.

Scientific Revolution

  1. What were the major causes of the Scientific Revolution?



  1. What were the major effects of the Scientific Revolution?



  1. Identify the major scientific contributions of the following figures (see Significant Figures of the Scientific Revolution Student Handout):

Nicolaus Copernicus =

Galileo =

Isaac Newton =

Robert Boyle =

Francis Bacon =

Rene Descartes =



The Enlightenment

  1. Identify the major causes of the Enlightenment.



  1. Describe the major effects of the Enlightenment.




  1. Identify the characteristics of the following political systems:

Absolute Monarchy =

Limited Monarchy =



Enlightened despots were absolute monarchs who tried to use Enlightenment ideas to reform their societies “from above.” They often came from countries without a strong middle class. They instituted religious tolerance, established scientific academies, and promoted social reform, but rarely supported a greater sharing of political power. (Jarrett p. 207)

List three enlightened despots:

a. b. c.



  1. How did the Enlightenment contribute to the development of Democratic-Republican government?



  1. What was the impact of political and legal ideas contained in the English Bill of Rights?



  1. Explain the political philosophies of the following figures (use your Significant Figures of the Enlightenment)

John Locke =

Thomas Hobbes =

Voltaire=

Montesquieu =

Rousseau =

William Blackstone =



  1. How did art, architecture, literature, music and drama reflect the history of the Enlightenment? (Give specific examples)



  1. Identify the following styles of art from this time period.

Baroque =

Rococo =



American Revolution

  1. How was Great Britain able to build such a large empire?



  1. How did the Enlightenment lead to the American Revolution?



  1. Identify the characteristics of the following political systems:

Democracy =

Republic =



  1. How are the two above political systems embodied in the American government?



  1. Identify and explain the impact of political and legal ideas contained in the following documents:

Declaration of Independence (signed July ____, 17____) =

U.S. Constitution (17___) =



  1. Explain the political philosophy of Thomas Jefferson as explained in the US DOI.



  1. How were the rights of citizens impacted by the American Revolution?


French Revolution

  1. How did the rules of the “old order” (ancient regime) unite the poor and the new rich of the bourgeoisie? [long-term SOCIAL cause]



  1. How did inflation affect urban workers? [long-term ECONOMIC cause]



  1. How did the ideas of Locke, Montesquieu and Voltaire (Enlightenment thinkers) motivate the educated bourgeoisie and lead to the French Revolution? [long-term POLITICAL cause]



  1. What factors led to the French national debt? [immediate ECONOMIC cause]



  1. How did the fiasco of the calling of the Estates General inflame the Enlightenment thinkers of the French revolution? [immediate POLITICAL cause]



  1. What is the significance of Bastille Day? [Trigger Event]


Enlightened ideas of equality for social classes simmered in France for more that a century. The French intellectuals “dreamed” about a social structure that would treat citizens with more equality and a political system that would allow citizens from all social levels to have some “ownership” in the laws of the land. From the perspective of the French, the American founding fathers acted on their dreams. At the beginning of the French Revolution the leaders wanted to outline their “mission statement”.



  1. How did the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen explain the goals of the leaders of the French Revolution?




  1. The Constitution of 1791 intended to establish what type of government?



  1. What new legislative body voted to eliminate any traces of monarchy?



  1. Explain the effects of the French Revolution on the social hierarchy. In what ways did the Revolution change the political process?



  1. Was the Revolution as “successful” in changing the status of the 3rd Estate and the citizens’ participation in government? Explain your response.



  1. Explain the significance of Olympe de Gouges and how the Revolution affected French attitudes toward women.



  1. Explain how the Revolution worked to de-Christianize France.



  1. How does the focus on religion of the French Revolution differ from the American Revolution?



Napoleon

  1. Who was Napoleon and what reforms did he enact?



  1. Describe the Napoleonic Code.

Napoleon’s 3 Costly Mistakes

Continental System:



  1. Describe the continental system.



  1. Did the continental system work?

Invasion of Russia:



  1. What was the result of Napoleon’s invasion of Russia?

Peninsular War:



  1. What was the result of Napoleon placing his brother, Joseph, on the Spanish throne?



  1. What was the impact of the Congress of Vienna on Europe?



  1. Explain the impact of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Napoleonic Wars on Latin America?



  1. What is the legacy (impact) of Napoleon on France, Europe, and the world?

France =

Europe =


World =

Latin America

  1. How did the American and French revolutions influence Latin America?



  1. How did Simón Bolívar influence Latin American political revolutions?



  1. Identify the following people’s contributions in shifting political thoughts in Latin America:

Toussaint L’Ouverture =

José de San Martín =



Miguel Hidalgo =



  1. How did the Napoleonic Wars directly affect the colonists in Latin America?



  1. What political ideas were the most pressing needs to the colonists in the Latin American revolution?


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