Unit 5: Civil War and Reconstruction Page Numbers – Textbook (p. 228-316) Coach

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Name: __________________________

Date: __________ Period: __________

Unit 5: Civil War and Reconstruction

Page Numbers – Textbook (p. 228-316) Coach (p. 86-109) CRCT Prep (70-93)

I. Antebellum Georgia

  1. _________________________ Agreement between northern and southern states; admitted California as a

free state and New Mexico and Utah could vote on slavery.

  1. _________________________ New political party that opposed slavery; created prior to the Civil War

  1. _________________________ One of the major causes of the American Civil War; belief that the interests

of a state take precedence over the national government.

  1. _________________________ Forced labor; provided most of the labor in the south during Antebellum

  1. _________________________ People who worked/fought to get rid of slavery

  1. _________________________ Legal theory that states had the right to invalidate (not follow) any law they

believed to be unconstitutional

  1. _________________________ Slave whose case went to the U.S. Supreme Court; argued that he was free

because he had lived in a free state; U.S. Supreme Court decided in favor of

the owner ruling that slaves were property

  1. _________________________ American President during the Civil War; elected President in 1860

  1. _________________________ Main way that the people in the North made money (Def.: Manufacturing

activity whose purpose is to create, or make, something useful)

  1. _________________________ Main agricultural (farming) product produced in the South; the economy of

the south was based on this product

II. The Civil War

  1. _________________________ Northern war strategy; close off southern ports to keep the south from

exporting and importing goods

  1. _________________________ Document issued by Abraham Lincoln that declared freedom for all slaves

in states that were still in rebellion against the Union if they did not

surrender; took effect on January 1, 1863

  1. _________________________ Civil War battle near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862;

bloodiest single day battle of the American Civil War

  1. _________________________ Main Confederate general (Commander of the Confederate Army); led the

Army of Northern Virginia in the battles of Gettysburg and Antietam;

surrendered to the Union at Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865

  1. _________________________ Union general that led the March to the Sea and the burning of Atlanta

  1. _________________________ Confederate Civil War prison where thousands of Union soldiers died from

dehydration, starvation, and/or disease

  1. _________________________ Civil War battle where the Union won control of an important railroad

center near Chattanooga, Tennessee

  1. _________________________ Civil War battle over three days (July 1 to July 3, 1863); Union won

while suffering 23,000 casualties; Confederacy suffered 28,000 casualties

III. Reconstruction

  1. _________________________ Colleges, such as Morehouse College, began through the work of this

organization which was created to help freed slaves after the Civil War

  1. _________________________ Constitutional amendment that abolished slavery

  1. _________________________ One of the first black men to win election to Georgia’s General Assembly in

the election of 1867

  1. _________________________ Period of time, after the Civil War, when the South was required to undergo

political, social, and economic change in order to reenter the United States

  1. _________________________ Constitutional amendment that granted citizenship to freedmen; required

freedmen to be given “equal protection under the law”

  1. _________________________ Secret organization that was created after the Civil War; terrorized blacks to

try and keep them from voting

  1. _________________________ Constitutional amendment that gave all males the right to vote regardless of


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