Unit 5: Bigger, Better, Faster: The Changing Nation Fifth Grade Social Studies merit



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Unit 5: Bigger, Better, Faster: The Changing Nation

Fifth Grade Social Studies

MERIT


In this unit, students will understand the impact of movement and migration on the expanding United States. By understanding the role of conflict and change, student will learn how the United States began to spread its influence throughout the western world. They will also gain knowledge about the importance of technological innovations created during this time. Student will then finally use theme of location to identify important physical and man-made features of the United States.




Standards:

SS5H3 The student will describe how life changed in America at the turn of the century.

  1. Describe the role of the cattle trails in the late 19th century; include the Black Cowboys of Texas, the Great Western Cattle Trail, and the Chisholm Trail.

  2. Describe the impact on American life of the Wright brothers (flight), George Washington

Carver (science), Alexander Graham Bell (communication), and Thomas Edison (electricity).

  1. Explain how William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt expanded America’s role in the world;

include the Spanish-American War and the building of the Panama Canal.

  1. Describe the reasons people emigrated to the United States, from where they emigrated,

and where they settled.


SS5G1 The student will locate important places in the United States.

  1. Locate important physical features; include the Grand Canyon, Salton Sea, Great Salt

Lake, and the Mojave Desert.

  1. Locate important man-made places; include the Chisholm Trail; Pittsburgh, PA;

Gettysburg, PA; Kitty Hawk, NC; Pearl Harbor, HI; and Montgomery, AL.
SS5G2 The student will explain the reasons for the spatial patterns of economic activities.

  1. Explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources influenced

industrial location in the United States between the end of the Civil War and 1900.

  1. Locate primary agricultural and industrial locations since the turn of the 20thcentury and explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources have influenced these areas.


SS5E1 The student will use the basic economic concepts of trade, opportunity cost, specialization, voluntary exchange, productivity, and price incentives to illustrate historical events.

b. Explain how price incentives affect people’s behavior and choices (such as decisions to

participate in cattle trails because of increased beef prices).


  1. Describe how specialization improves standards of living (such as how specific economies in the north and south developed at the beginning of the 20th century).

  1. Describe how trade promotes economic activity (such as how the Panama Canal increases

trade between countries).







SS5E2 The student will describe the functions of four major sectors in the U. S. economy.

a. Describe the household function in providing resources and consuming goods and services.


SS5E3 The student will describe how consumers and businesses interact in the United States economy across time.

a. Describe how competition, markets, and prices influence people’s behavior.

b. Describe how people earn income by selling their labor to businesses.

c. Describe how entrepreneurs take risks to develop new goods and services to start a

business.


Day 1

Launch Activity

View INDUSTRIALIZATION AND URBANIZATION (1870 – 1910)

Complete activities


Day 2

Launch Activity

View IMMIGRATION AND CULTURAL CHANGE

Complete activities


Day 3-4

Vocabulary

Complete a Frayer Model for each vocabulary term



Day 5

Black Cowboys of Texas and the Great Western Cattle Trail

Day 6-7-8-9-10

Learning Activity

Cattle Kingdom



Day 11-12-13-14

Inventors Change the World

  • Wright Brothers

  • George Washington Carver

  • Alexander Graham Bell

  • Thomas Alva Edison

Day 15

Spanish American War and Panama Canal

Day 16

Immigration

Day 17

Important Places in the USA

  • Grand Canyon,

  • Salton Sea,

  • Great Salt Lake,

  • Mojave Desert.

  • Kitty hawk, NC

  • Pittsburgh, PA

Day 18

Entrepreneurs

Day 19-20-21-21

Project

Day 22-23

Review

Day 24

Unit 5 Exam




Vocabulary

Students should complete a Frayer Model for each vocabulary word.



cattle trails

Thomas Edison

William McKinley

The Maine

Panama Canal

Black Cowboys of Texas

Great Western Cattle Trail

The Wright Brothers

George Washington Carver

Alexander Graham Bell

Chisholm Trail

Kitty Hawk, NC

patent

industrialization

philanthropist

price incentives

entrepreneurs

resources

telegraph

Great Plains

mass production

producer

Homestead Act

discrimination

Labor union

consumer

Transcontinental Railroad

Sectors of the economy

Spanish American War

Theodore Roosevelt

yellow journalism

emigration

immigration

price

cost

households

private business

government

banks

loans

savings

checking account

long drive

E Pluribus Unum

tenements

labor

capital

competition

goods

services

push factor

pull factor

famine

drought






Definition

Example







cattle trails






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







Black Cowboys of Texas






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







Chisholm Trail






Characteristics


Illustration









Definition

Example







price incentives






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







mass production






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







consumer






Characteristics


Illustration









Definition

Example







yellow journalism






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







households






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







savings






Characteristics


Illustration









Definition

Example







labor






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







Thomas Edison






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







Great Western Cattle Trail






Characteristics


Illustration









Definition

Example







Kitty Hawk, N.C.






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







entrepreneur






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







producer






Characteristics


Illustration









Definition

Example







resources






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







emigration






Characteristics


Illustration







Definition

Example







private business






Characteristics


Illustration






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