Unit 5-1920s-Great Depression Chapter 21 Assignment Sheet



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Unit 5-1920s-Great Depression

Chapter 21 Assignment Sheet
Chapter 20-The Twenties (1919-1929)

Section 1—A Booming Economy Due_____________

How did the booming economy of the 1920s lead to changes in American life?

  • Read Section 1, pp. 660-665

  • Define the following terms: Henry Ford, mass production, Model T, scientific management, consumer revolution, installment buying, buying on margin

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. How did Henry Ford increase the production and sale of automobiles?

  2. How did buying on margin allow more people to invest in the stock market?

  3. Why do you think many advertisers began to focus on the benefits of their products rather than on the products themselves?

  4. Identify two potential signs of weakness in the economy of the 1920s, and predict what might happen if those problems are not solved.


Section 2— The Business of Government Due_______________

How did domestic and foreign policy change direction under Harding and Coolidge?

  • Read Section 2, pp. 666-670

  • Define the following terms: Andrew Mellon, Herbert Hoover, The Ohio Gang, Teapot Dome, Kellog-Briand Pact, Washington Naval Conference, Dawes Plan

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. What were the causes and effects of the Teapot Dome Scandal?

  2. What policies did Calvin Coolidge favor to support economic growth?

  3. How did the approach to government of Harding and Coolidge differ from that of the Progressives?

  4. How did the U.S. support world peace efforts during the 1920s?


Section 3—Social and Cultural Tensions Due_______________

How did Americans differ on major social and cultural issues?

  • Read Section 3, pp. 671-678

  • Define the following terms: modernism, fundamentalism, Scopes Trial, quota system, Ku Klux Klan, 18th Amendment, Volstead Act, bootleggers, Al Capone

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. How did the Scopes Trial illustrate the urban-rural split in the 1920s?

  2. How did the goals of the new Ku Klux Klan differ from those of the old Klan?

  3. What were the effects of the Volstead Act and the 18th Amendment?

  4. Why do both supporters and opponents of immigration quotas believe they were defending American traditions and values?


Section 4A New Mass Culture Due_______________

How did the new mass culture reflect technological and social changes?

  • Read Section 3, pp. 679-689

  • Define the following terms: Charlie Chaplin, The Jazz Singer, KDKA, Babe Ruth, Jack Dempsey, Red Grange, Helen Wills, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, the flapper, Sigmund Freud, Edward Hopper, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, The Charleston

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. How did the new mass media contribute to the popularity of heroes?

  2. What political gains did American women make during the 1920s?

  3. What impact did World War I have on postwar American literature?



Section 5The Harlem Renaissance Due_______________

Why did Herbert Hoover’s policies fail to solve the country’s economic crisis?

  • Read Section 3, pp. 690-695

  • Define the following terms: Marcus Garvey, Jazz, Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, Duke Ellington, Claude McKay, Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Hurston

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. Why do you think Marcus Garvey rejected the goals of earlier African American leaders such as Washington and Du Bois?

  2. How did jazz blend cultural influences and cross cultural divides?

  3. How did jazz spread from its roots in the South to the North in the 1920s?



Unit 5-1920s-Great Depression

Chapter 21 Assignment Sheet
Chapter 21-The Great Depression (1928-1932)

Section 1—Causes of the Great Depression Due_____________

How did the prosperity of the 1920s give way to the Great Depression?

  • Read Section 1, pp. 702-708

  • Define the following terms: Herbert Hoover, speculation, Black Tuesday, business cycle

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. What economic problems lurked beneath the general prosperity of the 1920s? Describe them.

  2. Why was the Hawley-Smoot Tariff a bad idea?

  3. How did the Stock market crash contribute to the onset of the Great Depression?

  4. What were the primary causes of the Great Depression?


Section 2— Americans Face Hard Times Due_______________

How did the Great Depression affect the lives of urban and rural Americans

  • Read Section 2, pp. 709-717

  • Define the following terms: bread line, “Brother Can You Spare a Dime”, Dust Bowl, Okies,

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. How did the Great Depression affect American cities in the early 1930s?

  2. In what ways did poverty devastate rural America?

  3. How did the Depression take a toll on women, children, and minorities in America?


Section 3—Hoover’s Response Fails Due_______________

Why did Herbert Hoover’s policies fail to solve the country’s economic crisis?

  • Read Section 3, pp. 720-725

  • Define the following terms: volunteerism, localism, “rugged individualism”, RFC, Boulder Dam, trickle-down economics, Bonus Army, The Grapes of Wrath

  • Answer the following questions as you read:

  1. Why was Hoover reluctant to have the federal government interfere with the economy?

  2. Why did Hoover order the removal of the Bonus Army from its camps? How did this action affect Hoover’s political future?


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