Unit 4 Questions Multiple Choice



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best example of a fragmented state?

a.

China

d.

Germany

b.

Indonesia

e.

Nigeria

c.

Chile

____ 90. Which of the following pairs of countries are both multicore states?



a.

France and the United States

d.

Nigeria and the United States

b.

France and Nigeria

e.

France and Japan

c.

Japan and the United States

____ 91. Egypt and Ethiopia have developed a tense relationship over control of water from the Nile River. This conflict is best classified as which type of boundary dispute?



a.

Definitional

d.

Locational

b.

Demarcation

e.

Operational

c.

Allocational

____ 92. The ____________ was based on control of land, markets, and political ideology, wheras the ________________ divide is based on wealth and poverty.



a.

domino theory ... heartland theory

d.

organic theory ... rimland theory

b.

north/south divide ... east/west divide

e.

east/west divide ... north/south divide

c.

core/periphery ... east/west divide

____ 93. Which international organization could best be incorporated into Spykman’s rimland theory?



a.

United Nations

d.

European Union

b.

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)

e.

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)

c.

Warsaw Pact

____ 94. “Shatter belts” are geographical zones where tensions often explode based on



a.

economic boundaries

d.

geometric boundaries

b.

physical boundaries

e.

functional boundaries

c.

cultural boundaries

____ 95. The concept of territoriality is most central to the study of



a.

physical geography

d.

demography

b.

cultural geography

e.

urban geography

c.

political geography

____ 96. Which of the following states is the best example of an enclave?



a.

Belize

d.

Gambia

b.

Brazil

e.

Lesotho

c.

Papua New Guinea

____ 97. __________ boundaries characterize much of Africa as they ignore cultural and tribal differences across space.



a.

Colonial

d.

Antecedent

b.

Territorial

e.

Subsequent

c.

Superimposed

____ 98.

“Balkanization” is said to occur when a country falls apart based on

a.

economic differences

d.

geographical regions

b.

ethnicity

e.

disputes over the proper authority of government.

c.

political affiliations

____ 99. With respect to the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico, which of the following statements is not true?



a.

It resulted in increased trade among member nations

d.

It eventually may include other Latin American countries

b.

It facilitated the movement of tertiary-sector industries from the United States to Mexico

e.

It outlines an eventual supranational governing body for North America

c.

It led to a net trade deficit for the United States with Canada and Mexico

____ 100. Which of the following terms refers to an area of instability located between regions with opposing political and cultural values?



a.

Shatter belt

d.

Gerrymandered area

b.

Heartland

e.

Enclave

c.

Rimland

____ 101. The state borders drawn by the United States government over what used to be Native American lands are examples of



a.

superimposed borders

d.

subsequent borders

b.

land-grant borders

e.

natural borders

c.

antecedent borders

____ 102. Core-periphery distinctions in Europe have led to internal devolutionary forces within some countries, especially in



a.

Spain and Italy

d.

Norway and Sweden

b.

Switzerland and Germany

e.

Denmark and Ireland

c.

France and Britain

____ 103. ___________ forces work to pull countries apart, while __________ forces bind them together.



a.

Centripetal ... centrifugal

d.

Socialist ... centrifugal

b.

Democratic . . . Communist

e.

Communist ... democratic

c.

Centrifugal ... centripetal

____ 104. What is the primary reason for establishing a proruption in a boundary?



a.

To control different nationalities within the borders

d.

To create hostility among the neighbors

b.

To establish communicationsin the country

e.

To gain greater economic autonomy from colonizers

c.

To access more raw materials

____ 105. The current Canadian organizational structure is best characterized as



a.

unitary

d.

apartheid

b.

theocratic

e.

confederate

c.

federal

____ 106. A ____________ is a group of people with a common political identity, and a _________ is a country with recognized borders.



a.

territory ... federation

d.

nation ... state

b.

state ... nation

e.

territory ... state

c.

nation ... territory

____ 107. Which of the following is a good example of an exclave?



a.

The island of Sumatra in Indonesia

d.

Shikoku Island in Japan

b.

Alaska in the United States

e.

Hawaii in the United States

c.

Taiwan in relation to mainland China

____ 108. Which of the following has fostered the most significant economic growth by eliminating import tariffs between member states?



a.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

d.

European Union (EU)

b.

United Nations (UN)

e.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

c.

Association of Caribbean States (ACS)

____ 109. The main purpose of gerrymandering is usually to



a.

challenge the authority of the courts to weigh in on political questions

d.

improve the ration of representatives to citizens to better serve constituents

b.

create congressional districts of approximately equal size

e.

assert the power of the legislative over the executive branch

c.

improve the chances of the dominant political party in the state to win seats in the legislature

____ 110. Since 1960 Brazil, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Tanzania have relocated their capital cities. Which of the following statements about the new locations is true for all five countries?



a.

an ethnically mixed location was chosen

d.

A militarily strategic location was chosen

b.

an isolated location was chosen

e.

a more central location was chosen

c.

a coastal location was chosen

____ 111. The majority of African states entered the United Nations after 1960 after because:



a.

the creation of the African United Nations took precedence.

d.

the colonies in Africa were quasi-independent in the 1950s

b.

the majority of the states hadn’t become independent until the 1960s.

e.

political differences with the United States didn’t allow them to join until then.

c.

they were not into the concept of the United Nations until then.

____ 112. All of the following are characteristics of most of the worlds remaining dependencies except



a.

most are located in relatively isolated areas

d.

most are located in the southern hemisphere

b.

most have small populations

e.

most are islands

c.

most are remnants of empires

____ 113. The redrawing of political districts for political gain is termed what?



a.

Immigrant statehood

d.

Core-periphery federalism

b.

Reapportionment

e.

Electoral regions

c.

Gerrymandering

____ 114. Brazil’s decision to move its capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brazilia reflects the country’s desire to create a(n)



a.

cultural landscape

d.

urban hierarchy

b.

world city

e.

primate city

c.

forward capital
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