Unit 4 Questions Multiple Choice



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a.

Coastal states sharing waters with other states that are less than 200 nautical miles offshore will split the waters according to the median line principle.

d.

Coastal states can claim control of waters up to 12 nautical miles from their shorelines.

b.

Coastal states can claim up to 200 nautical miles from their shorelines in exclusive economic zones.

e.

Ships have rights of passage through all waterways.

c.

Straits are internationally operated and owned, not belonging to any one country.

____ 49. The term Balkanization refers to the:



a.

introduction of an economic system of free enterprise.

d.

industrial growth in less developed nations.

b.

fragmentation of a region into smaller units.

e.

spread of Slavic languages.

c.

military and economic alliances among a group of countries.

____ 50. Free-trade zones such as the countries of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are established to increase the ease and volume of international trade by



a.

opening borders to migrant guest workers from member states

d.

offering large economic-development loans to poorer member states

b.

establishing a common monetary unti among member states

e.

eliminating tariffs on goods that cross borders between member states

c.

increasing diplomatic relations between member states

____ 51. Which of the following is an example of a supranational organization with the main mission of increasing economic integration?



a.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

d.

The United States Federal Reserve

b.

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

e.

The United Nations

c.

The European Union

____ 52. Southeast Asia from the 1950s through the 1970s was considered a



a.

theocracy.

d.

microstate.

b.

nation-state.

e.

regional conflict.

c.

shatterbelt.

____ 53.

Thailand is an example of a state that is

a.

prorupted

d.

fragmented

b.

perforated

e.

compact

c.

elongated

____ 54. Which of the following is the best example of a multicore state?



a.

Nigeria

d.

Mexico

b.

Iceland

e.

Japan

c.

France

____ 55. The Canadian government created the new territory of Nunavut in order to



a.

recognize the territorial rights of indigenous people in the area

d.

grant autonomy to the Cree and Mohawk people living in eastern Canada

b.

facilitate the exploration of meneral resources in the Northwest Territories

e.

re-create the pre-1912 boudary of Quebec

c.

guarantee Canadian fishing rights in the Atlantic Ocean

____ 56. Which of the following is an example of a centrifugal force within a nation-state?



a.

ethnic homogeneity

d.

economic equality among regions

b.

a strong sense of nationalism

e.

a seperatist movement that demands independence

c.

a strong national economy

____ 57. For many years, French Canadians from Quebec sought ______________, or the right to govern themselves and to establish their own independent state.



a.

anticolonialism

d.

colonization

b.

nationalism

e.

reapportionment

c.

self-determination

____ 58. The United Nations’ International Law of the Sea gave countries access to drill for mineral rights up to how many miles from shore?



a.

100

d.

200

b.

10

e.

3

c.

12

____ 59. A group of people bound together by a common identity is a(n)



a.

state

d.

institution

b.

regime

e.

political system

c.

nation

____ 60. After the middle of the 20th century, most African and Asian colonies recieved thei independence largely as a result of



a.

the impact of World War II which weakened European nations’ ability to maintain colonies

d.

the formation of the United Nations (UN)

b.

strong efforts by non-governmental organizations that promoted independence movements

e.

industrialization of large parts of both continents

c.

migrations of Europeans and Americans to settle in colonial areas

____ 61. Which of the following countries was not a member of the Warsaw Pact established during the cold war?



a.

Poland

d.

East Germany

b.

Romania

e.

United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)

c.

France

____ 62. When countries come together for a common purpose, somewhat limiting their own individual powers, the resulting body is called a(n)



a.

confederacy

d.

supranational organization

b.

national alliance

e.

union

c.

international organization

____ 63. Which of the following types of political organizations most directly reflects the current trend toward integration?



a.

supranational organizations

d.

nongovernmental organizations

b.

national legislatures

e.

linkage institutions

c.

national judiciaries

____ 64. Which of the following was a centrifugal force in the India/Pakistan relationship in the late 1940s?



a.

Differences in political border interpretation

d.

Commonality of language

b.

Differences in religion

e.

Commonality of climate

c.

Commonality of religion

____ 65. Which of the following is not a supranational organization?



a.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

d.

Organization of American States

b.

the U.S. Republican party

e.

the European Union

c.

the United Nations

____ 66. States with the ability to carry out actions or policies within their borders independently from interference are said to have



a.

a consensual political culture

d.

integration

b.

sovereignty

e.

traditional legitimacy

c.

nationalism

____ 67. In its application to the European Union, which state faced criticism by some of its opponents for not being “European” enough for the EU?



a.

Iceland

d.

Russia

b.

Italy

e.

Turkey

c.

England

____ 68. OPEC is an example of a(n)



a.

confederacy

d.

supranational organization

b.

national organization

e.

commonwealth

c.

international organization

____ 69. Which of the following best represents the concept of the nation-state in its internal cultural-political makeup and spatial organization?



a.

South Africa

d.

Argentina

b.

Iran

e.

New Zealand

c.

Japan

____ 70. Which of the following is not a centripetal force?



a.

schools

d.

common language

b.

religious variation

e.

common heritage

c.

national anthem

____ 71. Regions A and B both exist in state X. Region B includes one nation surrounded by other ethnicities living in Region A. Based on this information, Region B is classified as a(n)



a.

centripetal force

d.

exclusive economic zone

b.

core

e.

exclave

c.

enclave

____ 72. During the late 1930s, Germany invaded Czechoslovakia and Poland, areas with large numbers of German minorities. This type of expansionism is called



a.

irredentism

d.

territoriality

b.

integration

e.

economic imperialism

c.

devolution

____ 73. The civil war in Rwanda is most closely an example of



a.

an ethnic conflict

d.

a religious conflict

b.

a pluralism conflict

e.

ethnocentrism

c.

an ethnic enclave

____ 74. The United States and its allies entered the Vietnam conflict in part to prevent Communists from gaining control of the Eurasian periphery because that control would have led to domination of the world accoring to some geopolitical thinkers at the time. This justification is most closely associated with which of the following geographic concepts?



a.

Rimland theory

d.

Neocolonialism

b.

North-south gap

e.

New world order

c.

World-systems analysis

____ 75. When voting districts are reapportioned in such a way that they purposely favor a political party, they have been:



a.

redrawn

d.

salamandered

b.

reelected

e.

gerrymandered

c.

redistricted

____ 76.

Which of the following mophological classifications best describes Slovakia, shown in the map above?

a.

Fragmented

d.

Prorupt or protruded

b.

Elongated

e.

Compact

c.

Perforated

____ 77. In Antarctica, geometric political borders do little to organize a vast



a.

tundra

d.

wasteland

b.

borderland

e.

territory

c.

frontier

____ 78. Which of the following is a landlocked state?



a.

Germany

d.

Colombia

b.

Peru

e.

Afghanistan

c.

Burma

____ 79. The political boundary dividing much of India from China is classified as



a.

geometric

d.

relict

b.

superimposed

e.

physical (or natural)

c.

cultural

____ 80. Land parcels in the American Midwest tend to be rectilinear because



a.

the federal survey system adopted in the late eighteenth century imposed a geometric pattern on the landscape

d.

there were no mountains or rivers to use as boundaries

b.

Native American settlement patterns were rectilinear

e.

English-speaking settlers replicated the landscape patterns of England

c.

Spanish colonists laid out settlements in a rigid geometric pattern

____ 81. Sikhs in India, Muslim Palestinians in Israel, and Kurds in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey are all considered



a.

frontiers

d.

multinational states

b.

stateless nations

e.

nation-states

c.

landlocked states

____ 82. According to Halford Mackinder’s heartland theory, which of the following countries would be most likely to dominate the globe?



a.

Great Britain

d.

India

b.

the United States

e.

Japan

c.

Russia (former USSR)

____ 83. Which of the following is not a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council?



a.

China

d.

France

b.

Germany

e.

Russia

c.

United States

____ 84. The provisions of the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea give coastal countries navigational and economic sovereignty over which of the following zones?



a.

Export processing zone

d.

continental shelf

b.

Twelve-nautical mile territorial sea zone

e.

The territorial time zone

c.

empowerment zone

____ 85. The European Union, the Arab League, and the United Nations are all examples of



a.

federations

d.

pressure groups

b.

supranational organizations

e.

centrifugal organizations

c.

nation-states

____ 86. The Berlin Wall is a good example of a(n)



a.

demarcation line.

d.

geometric boundary using latitude and longitude.

b.

subsequent boundary drawn by European powers.

e.

superimposed boundary created by communist Europe.

c.

antecedent boundary located within an urban area.

____ 87. Which type of boundary exists between the United States and Canada?



a.

Water

d.

Cultural

b.

Linguistic

e.

All of the above

c.

Geometric

____ 88. Which of the following is not a land-locked state?



a.

South Africa

d.

Czech Republic

b.

Kazakhstan

e.

Paraguay

c.

Switzerland

____ 89. Which of the following is the

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