Unit 4 Questions Multiple Choice



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Unit 4 Questions
Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Which of the following is the usual order of boundary creation between countries?

a.

definition, demarcation, delimination

d.

demarcation, definition, delimination

b.

delimination, definition, demarcation

e.

definition, delimination, demarcation

c.

delimination, demarcation, definition

____ 2. The country that the United States helped to create in the early twentieth century in order to facilitate oceanic commerce is:



a.

Panama

d.

Costa Rica

b.

Colombia

e.

Nicaragua

c.

Venezuela

____ 3. Which of the following best describes a recent global trend in domestic politics?



a.

movement toward market economies

d.

fewer internal nationality problems

b.

movement towards a two-party system

e.

more poser centered in the head of the executive branch

c.

revival of communist ideologies

____ 4. People of French heritage who live in the province of Quebec have created devolutionary forces in



a.

Switzerland

d.

Canada

b.

Spain

e.

Australia

c.

Germany

____ 5. The practice of adjusting voting district boundaries in order to benefit the interest of one political party or group is called



a.

gerrymandering

d.

minority-majority districting

b.

red lining

e.

devolving

c.

territorializing

____ 6. Which of the following is the best example of a perforated state?



a.

France

d.

Ecuador

b.

Singapore

e.

Vietnam

c.

Italy

____ 7. Italy fought against Austria to annex Italian-speaking regions controlled by Austria. This is an example of



a.

an exclusive economic zone

d.

colonialism

b.

devolution

e.

Balkanization

c.

irredentism

____ 8. Which of the following is a forward capital?



a.

Putrajaya, Malaysia

d.

Rome, Italy

b.

Bombay (Mumbai), India

e.

Sydney, Australia

c.

Paris, France

____ 9. Fill the in the blank: The Geman migration into the United States showed the process of ___________________, which meant that usually within three generations, all of the migrants’ descendants spoke English.



a.

pluralism

d.

voluntary segregation

b.

acculturation

e.

barrio

c.

diffusion

____ 10. To try and reduce the calls for revolutionary secession from Canada, the Canadian parliament has given Nunavit regions more autonomy, or local control. This situation best represents the geographic concept of



a.

gerrymandering

d.

devolution

b.

ministate

e.

buffer state

c.

enclave

____ 11. Which of the following is a fragmented state?



a.

Laos

d.

Phillipines

b.

South Africa

e.

Argentina

c.

Hungary

____ 12. Mackinder’s heartland theory argues that the world will eventually be ruled by a



a.

land-based power

d.

country located in the Americas

b.

small country with colonies around the world

e.

country from the Eurasian rim

c.

sea-based power

____ 13.

The shape of North Carolina’s Twelfth Congressional District, shown above, is most likely the result of:

a.

amalgamation.

d.

decentralization.

b.

watershed boundaries.

e.

county boundaries.

c.

gerrymandering.

____ 14. Which of the following countries is not a member of the European Union (EU)?



a.

Ukraine

d.

Portugal

b.

Lithuania

e.

Hungary

c.

Greece

____ 15. Which of the following is unique among Latin American countries in that its capital represents a the concept of a forward capital?



a.

Mexico: Mexico City

d.

Chile: Santiago

b.

Peru: Lima

e.

Brazil: Brasilia

c.

Argentina: Buenos Aires

____ 16. Indonesia is an example of which of the following types of states?



a.

Perforated

d.

Fragmented

b.

Prorupted

e.

Compact

c.

Bifurcated

____ 17. ______________ governments are organized into a geographically based hierarchy of local government agencies.



a.

Territorial

d.

Electoral

b.

Consolidated

e.

National

c.

Federal

____ 18. A countertrend to fragmentation in global interactions today is



a.

privatization

d.

radicalism

b.

democratic consolidation

e.

globalization

c.

corporatism

____ 19. Hitler’s nationalist/expansionist philosophies drew in part from



a.

organic geopolitical theory

d.

self-determination

b.

heartland theory

e.

rimland theory

c.

sound historical evidence

____ 20. Washington D.C. is not a good example of a primate city because it is



a.

not a capital city

d.

not a forward capital

b.

not located in the core area of the U.S.

e.

not disproportionately large in relation to some other U.S. cities

c.

close to the geographic center of the U.S.

____ 21. The Berlin Wall today would represent a(n)



a.

antecendent boundary

d.

superimposed boundary

b.

relict boundary

e.

natural boundary

c.

subsequent boundary

____ 22. The main purpose of the security council of the United Nations is to



a.

regulate global monetary policies

d.

adjudicate quarrels between citizens of different countries

b.

establish peacekeeping forces in “hotspots” around the world

e.

represent the democratic will of the member-states

c.

provide social and cultural benefits

____ 23. An example of a stateless nation in the Middle East is provided by the



a.

Iraqis

d.

Turks

b.

Egyptians

e.

Kurds

c.

Saudis

____ 24. A functional boundary dispute arises when neighboring states cannot agree on



a.

where citizens from one or both states may settle

d.

policies that apply in a border area

b.

the ownership of a region around mutual borders

e.

natural resources that lie in border areas

c.

where the border actually is

____ 25. A unitary political system is one that



a.

does not allow direct elections of public officials

d.

concentrates policymaking power in one geographic place

b.

concentrates policymaking power in the hands of one individual

e.

has only one house in the legislature

c.

has only one branch of government - the executive

____ 26. An example of a state with a federal system is (was)



a.

Great Britain

d.

Confederate States of America

b.

France

e.

the United States

c.

Germany

____ 27. The main reason that Nigeria moved its capital from Lagos to Abuja was to try to resolve differences between



a.

populists and conservatives

d.

the Muslim north and the Christian south

b.

American businessmen and Nigerian political leaders

e.

native Nigerians and Europeans

c.

those who support international trade and those who don’t

____ 28. Wich of the following is the best example of a city-state?



a.

Monaco

d.

Israel

b.

France

e.

The Netherlands

c.

Malaysia

____ 29. According to world-systems analysis, which of the following countries would be best classified as being in the global economic periphery?



a.

Colombia

d.

England

b.

France

e.

China

c.

Singapore

____ 30. Core countries, countries of the periphery, and countries of the semiperiphery are types of countries that fit into the global economy, according to a theory by



a.

W.W. Rostow

d.

Immanual Wallerstein

b.

E.L. Ulman

e.

Walter Christaller

c.

Alfred Weber

____ 31.

Kurdistan on the map above is an example of

a.

microstate

d.

exclave

b.

unitary state

e.

stateless nation

c.

fragmented state

____ 32. The border between the United States and Canada along the 49th parallel is an example of what type of boundary?



a.

Superimposed boundary

d.

Demarcation of a boundary

b.

Subsequent boundary

e.

Antecedent boundary

c.

Relic Boundary

____ 33. Which of the following correctly lists the usual hierarchy of political-administrative units in order from the largest to the smallest?



a.

County, nation-state, province, empire

d.

Province, empire, nation-state, couty

b.

Empire, nation-state, county, province

e.

Empire, nation-state, province, county

c.

Empire, county, province, nation-state

____ 34. The sovereign debt crisis in the European Union reflects a tension between



a.

EU member states and non-EU countries in Europe.

d.

communist and capitalist economies.

b.

those who favor open markets and those who seek to protect national economic interests.

e.

those who support enlargement of the EU and those who do not.

c.

the Commission and the European Parliament.

____ 35. Which of the following European Countries had the greatest number of African colonies in 1914?



a.

Austria and Hungary

d.

Britain and France

b.

Belgium and the Netherlands

e.

Portugal and Spain

c.

Germany and Italy

____ 36. Which of the following is the best example of a state with a good relative location?



a.

Bolivia

d.

Mongolia

b.

Singapore

e.

Belarus

c.

Laos

____ 37. What is the best example of voluntary segregation?



a.

Ghettos during World War II in Munich Germany

d.

Japanese internment camps in the western United States during World War II.

b.

The ethnic landscape of Los Angeles, United States.

e.

Refugee camps in Bangkok, Thailand

c.

Barrios in Spanish Harlem in New York, United States

____ 38. The drawing of new voting districts is called



a.

discretization

d.

reapportionment

b.

gerrymandering

e.

reelection

c.

redrawing

____ 39. The ability of a state to carry out actions or policies within its borders independently from interference either from inside or outside is called



a.

sovereignty

d.

integration

b.

territoriality

e.

devolution

c.

irredentism

____ 40. Italy is split between north and south by the “Ancona Line,” which illustrates a(n)



a.

ethnic devolutionary force

d.

economic devolutionary force

b.

economic centripetal force

e.

devolutionary spatial force

c.

centripetal spatial force

____ 41. Which of the following types of terrain are most likely to serve as shatter belts?



a.

shoreline

d.

mountains

b.

desert

e.

river valley

c.

peninsula

____ 42. Political Geographers consider which of the following as the core area of the United States?



a.

The Los-Angelas-San Francisco Area

d.

The Atlanta-Birmingham, Alabama Area

b.

The New York-Washington D.C. Area

e.

The Buffalo-Cleveland Area

c.

The Chicago-Detroit Area

____ 43. United Nations recognition of a state’s “exclusive economic zone” allows the state to:



a.

form limited economic alliances with other countries.

d.

establish economic free trade zones within the sovereign territory of other states.

b.

limit importation of competitive goods and services from other countries.

e.

claim national economic jurisdiction over 200 nautical miles of water extending from its coast.

c.

protect domestic production by imposing tariffs on all foreign made products.

____ 44. Violent confrontations in Ambon, Aceh, and East Timor illustrate the problem of holding together the physically and culturally diverse country of



a.

Brazil

d.

Indonesia

b.

South Africa

e.

India

c.

Yugoslavia

____ 45. Which of the following is the best example of a nation-state?



a.

Russia

d.

Japan

b.

United States

e.

Canada

c.

China

____ 46. Indonesia is an example of a(n)



a.

compact state

d.

fragmented state

b.

microstate

e.

elongated state

c.

prorupted state

____ 47. With its system of regional provinces, Canada ia an example of a



a.

federal state

d.

electoral state

b.

microstate

e.

nation-state

c.

reapportioned state

____ 48. All of the following were included in the UN Convention on the Law of the Seas

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