Unit 3 Chapter 7 True/False Questions



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Unit 3
Chapter 7 - True/False Questions:


  1. The United States has a unicameral legislature.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 237


  1. Every two years, states are redistricted to reflect changes in population as mandated by the Constitution.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 238


  1. The organization of Congress is closely tied to political parties.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 238


  1. The Speaker of the House makes all committee assignments for the majority and minority party.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 243


  1. The officer who has actual power over the day-to-day operation and administration of the Senate is the Senate majority leader.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 244


  1. Newt Gingrich increased the power of the Speaker of the House.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 243-244

  1. Whips are named after the whips that they used in the eighteenth-century to control partisan loyalties in Parliament.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 244


  1. The president pro tempore of the Senate is a member of the minority party and holds a powerful political office.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 244-245


  1. The Senate Rules Committee is very powerful and controls the flow of legislation in the Senate.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 247


  1. The Rules Committee acts like a traffic cop and can stop a bill from being amended if the majority leadership so desires.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 258


  1. Members of Congress use earmarks to help support their districts and win reelection.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 248


  1. If a committee chair desires, he or she can usually kill a bill.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 249


  1. Committee chairs are quite powerful.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 249



  1. Much of the actual legislative work of Congress is done within the committee system.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 246



  1. One study revealed that the chances of an incumbent member of Congress losing are minimal, unless he or she is involved in a scandal.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 251


  1. Since 1945, the number of women, African Americans, and Hispanics in Congress has been gradually increasing.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 252


  1. In general, the public thinks highly of Congress and of the job their own representative is doing.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 255


  1. Divided government refers to the situation where the Congress and the Supreme Court are composed of different political majorities.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 254


  1. Voters overwhelmingly dislike divided government because it tends to result in policy gridlock.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 254


  1. Members of Congress tend to pay more attention to those who help fund their reelection campaigns.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 256


  1. The Congressional Budget Office helps members of Congress by evaluating the costs and economic effects of proposed legislation.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 257


  1. All revenue bills must first begin in the House.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 239


  1. Congress has the ability to issue a pocket veto before a bill is sent to the president.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 262


  1. The China Trade Act of 2000 was enacted using a simple, straightforward process.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 262


  1. Congressional review is a frequently used method of congressional oversight.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 267


  1. Congressional review is the process of confirming presidential nominees.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 267


  1. Richard Nixon is the only U.S. president to be impeached.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 269

Chapter 8 - True/False Questions:


  1. The Articles of Confederation had a fairly powerful executive.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 275


  1. Under the Articles of Confederation, the executive branch consisted of a president and a vice president, but no cabinet.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 275


  1. The United States under the Articles of Confederation lacked a strong president.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 275


  1. Article II of the Constitution limits the president to two terms in office.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 277


  1. A president can serve for a maximum of four years.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 276


  1. A two-thirds majority vote by the Senate is required to remove the president after the House has voted to impeach by a simple majority.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 278


  1. Vice presidential vacancies are filled by presidential nomination with confirmation required by three-fifths of the House.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 280


  1. The Constitution limits the number of presidential appointees requiring Senate confirmation.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 280



  1. Most of a president’s Cabinet nominees are successfully confirmed by the Senate.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 280


  1. Article II of the Constitution gives the president the power to appoint congressional leaders, pending Senate confirmation.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 280


  1. The president has the power to reject all or part of any bill passed by Congress. .

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Application

Page reference: 282-283


  1. Most presidential vetoes are overridden by Congress.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 282-283



  1. The vice president serves as Commander in Chief of the armed forces.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 283-284

  1. As a check on state power, the president has the authority to pardon those accused or convicted of a state crime.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 285


  1. According to the War Powers Act, the president is prohibited from engaging troops in combat without a congressional declaration of war.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 285


  1. As a check on the judicial branch, the president has the authority to pardon those accused or convicted of a federal crime.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 285


  1. Every president since Richard Nixon has vigorously supported the War Powers Act as a constitutionally permissible limit on executive power.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Application

Page reference: 285


  1. Jefferson used the concept of inherent presidential powers to justify the Louisiana Purchase.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 289


  1. During the first few presidential administrations, the president tended to be much stronger than the Congress.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 289


  1. Presidential power has expanded under George W. Bush.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 291

  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt is usually considered the founder of the modern presidency.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 290


  1. While previous presidents had been content with Congress taking the lead in making policies, Franklin Roosevelt took on a strong policymaking role.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 300


  1. President Harry Truman desegregated the military using an executive order.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 302


  1. Executive orders have the force of law and can be sometimes used by presidents to make major policy decisions.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 302-303


  1. Presidents avoid “going public” because they are afraid it will make them appear undignified.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 296

Chapter 9 - True/False Questions:


  1. Individual entities within the government often have a higher approval rating than the government has overall.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 308


  1. Some city and county officials are concerned that the federal bureaucracy is far too dependent upon them for possible emergencies requiring national action and coordination.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 310

  1. The size of the bureaucracy decreased following the Civil War.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 312


  1. One third of all civilian government employees work for the IRS.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 314


  1. The size of the federal workforce decreased under President Clinton.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 312


  1. Congress has liberalized the Hatch Act’s prohibitions on federal employees participating in campaigns.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 321


  1. Hundreds of new government agencies were created to deal with the economic problems of the Great Depression.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 311-312


  1. Bureaucracies and businesses operate under the same incentive structures.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 313


  1. At the lower levels of the U.S. civil service, most positions are filled by patronage.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 314


  1. There is no direct mention of the Cabinet in the U.S. Constitution.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 318


  1. Iron triangles refer to the relatively stable relationships among agencies, interest groups, and congressional committees.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 322


  1. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration is an independent regulatory commission.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 320


  1. Under current federal law, members of the executive branch are prohibited from participating in elections in any way other than voting.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 321


  1. Bureaucrats make and implement some policies.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 322-323


  1. The Hatch Act prohibited most forms of campaign participation by federal employees.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 321


  1. The bureaucracy is accountable to no one except the president.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 325-326



  1. Congress’s power to control the bureaucracy is severely limited because Congress lacks the power of the purse.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 326


  1. Bureaucracies are prohibited from exercising bureaucratic discretion.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 323


  1. Under Title IX, the number of women athletes has increased.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 325


  1. Presidents nominate many executive branch officials.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 327

Chapter 10 - True/False Questions:


  1. Supreme Courts are referred to by the name of the oldest judge serving on the Court.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 337


  1. Although Congress exercises some oversight of the federal judiciary, it may not reduce the salary of sitting federal judges to penalize them for decisions that Congress does not like.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 339


  1. The pay for federal judges is lucrative compared to what they can make in private practice.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 339


  1. Marbury v. Madison (1803) established the doctrine of judicial review regarding acts of the national government.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 339


  1. Article III sets out the structure of the federal court system.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 339


  1. The Judiciary Act of 1789 gives form and substance to the federal courts.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 339


  1. Chief Justice John Marshall helped increase the power and stature of the Supreme Court.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 344-345


  1. Trial court judges determine matters of law, not fact.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 345


  1. The bulk of the judicial work in the federal system takes place in the Supreme Court.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 349


  1. The state court systems hear more cases than does the federal court system.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 346

  1. Most criminal cases are decided in the state court systems.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 347


  1. There are thirteen U.S. district courts.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 348


  1. The Constitution sets the number of justices on the Supreme Court at nine.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 350


  1. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit must follow precedents established by the Supreme Court.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 350


  1. Politics permeate the selection process for judges and justices.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Synthesis

Page reference: 351


  1. There have been seven females and five African Americans on the Supreme Court.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 357


  1. Most presidents appoint Supreme Court justices who share their policy preferences.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 354

  1. The current Chief Justice is Samuel A. Alito, Jr.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Knowledge

Page reference: 361


  1. Interest groups are forbidden from trying to influence the federal courts.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Synthesis

Page reference: 356-357


  1. Since 1970, the number of cases filed with the Supreme Court and the number of cases the Supreme Court decides has increased exponentially.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Analysis

Page reference: 359


  1. The Supreme Court grants a writ of certiorari only if a majority of justices vote in favor of doing so.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 359


  1. Amicus briefs are often submitted to the U.S. Supreme Court by interest groups.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 364


  1. The solicitor general works in the Department of Defense and is responsible for defending any military actions to the federal courts.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 362


  1. While oral arguments are open to the public, the Supreme Court’s deliberations and negotiations occur in private.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 358


  1. If the chief justice is in the majority, he or she will usually decide who will write the majority opinion.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 366


  1. Judicial activism is only advocated by liberals.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 367


  1. Supreme Court opinions can sometimes influence public opinion.

Answer: TRUE



Bloom’s level: Comprehension

Page reference: 369


  1. Public confidence in the Supreme Court has increased measurably since the Court started televising its proceedings.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Synthesis

Page reference: 370


  1. Prayer at public high school graduation ceremonies and football games came to an abrupt halt when the Supreme Court declared them unconstitutional in 1992.

Answer: FALSE



Bloom’s level: Application

Page reference: 372


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