Unit 3 – Chapter 9 Take Home Test



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Unit 3 – Chapter 9 - Take Home Test
1) One of the enduring paradoxes of American history is that

a.

conservatives supported democracy.

b.

liberals supported democracy.

c.

both radicals and conservatives have championed the heritage of democratic revolution.

d.

conservatives and liberals were on opposite sides in the Revolution.

e.

conservatives opposed democracy.

2) By their actions, the delegates to the Constitutional Convention manifested their common beliefs in all of the following except



a.

government by the consent of the governed.

b.

checks and balances in government.

c.

manhood-suffrage democracy.

d.

the sanctity of private property.

e.

a stronger central government.

3) The Constitutional Convention addressed the North-South controversy over slavery through the



a.

large-state plan.

b.

small-state plan.

c.

three-fifths compromise.

d.

closing of the slave trade until 1807.

e.

Northwest Ordinance.

4) The fifty-five delegates to the Constitutional Convention shared all of the following qualities except



a.

they were well-to-do members of the professional class.

b.

they were young.

c.

they were liberal.

d.

they were more interested in strengthening the young Republic and tapping Revolutionary idealism.

e.

they wanted a firm, dignified and respected government.

5) The new Constitution established the idea that the only legitimate government was one based on



a.

a strong central government.

b.

an unwritten constitution.

c.

the authority of the state.

d.

control by wealthier people.

e.

the consent of the governed.

6) The delegates at the Constitutional Convention were concerned mainly with



a.

abolishing slavery.

b.

establishing a very powerful military.

c.

protecting America from its weaknesses abroad and its excesses at home.

d.

ensuring that the states continued to control tariff policies.

e.

establishing the principle of states' rights.

7) Shays's Rebellion convinced many Americans of the need for



a.

lower taxes.

b.

granting long-delayed bonuses to Revolutionary War veterans.

c.

a vigilante effort by westerners to halt the Indian threat.

d.

a stronger central government.

e.

a weaker military presence in the West.

8) The Articles of Confederation left Congress unable to



a.

organize development of the western lands.

b.

deal with foreign affairs.

c.

apportion state representation equally.

d.

enforce a tax-collection program.

e.

establish a postal service.

9) The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when



a.

agreement was reached on who would be president.

b.

states gave up their right to coin money.

c.

all states claiming western lands surrendered them to the national government.

d.

the states gave up their power to establish tariffs.

e.

a two-house national legislature was added.

10) Among other views, The Federalist, written during the ratification debate, argued that it was



a.

impossible to safeguard the rights of states from the power of a strong central government.

b.

possible to extend a republican form of government over a large territory.

c.

inevitable that slavery would be abolished in the new republic.

d.

illegal to replace the Articles of Confederation with a new constitution.

e.

best to establish a direct democracy.

11) After the Revolutionary War, both Britain and Spain



a.

tried to gain control of Florida.

b.

did their best to win the friendship of America.

c.

prevented America from exercising effective control over about half of its total territory.

d.

helped America to fight the pirates in North America.

e.

abandoned their fortifications in the Old Northwest.

12) The Northwest Ordinance of 1787

a.

provided for the survey and sale of public lands in the Old Northwest.

b.

established a procedure for governing the Old Northwest territory.

c.

banned slavery from all territories of the United States.

d.

cleared the way for ratification of the Articles of Confederation.

e.

gave control over land to the territories in which they were located.

13) All of the following are true statements about the status of blacks during the American Revolution except



a.

several northern states abolished slavery or provided for gradual emancipation.

b.

a few Virginia masters freed their slaves.

c.

no states south of Pennsylvania outlawed slavery.

d.

some states passed laws that permit blacks to marry and own land.

e.

laws everywhere harshly discriminated against free and enslaved blacks.

14) The world's first antislavery society was founded by



a.

Thomas Jefferson.

b.

Quakers in Philadelphia.

c.

Puritans in New England.

d.

Catholics in Maryland.

e.

the Congregational church.

15) The Land Ordinance of 1785 provided for all of the following except



a.

money from land sales should be used to pay off the national debt.

b.

the land should be surveyed before its sale.

c.

the territory should be divided into townships six miles square.

d.

the sixteenth section should be sold to support education.

e.

prohibiting slavery.

16) Probably the most alarming characteristic of the new Constitution to those who opposed it was the



a.

creation of a federal district for the national capital.

b.

creation of a standing army.

c.

absence of a bill of rights.

d.

omission of any reference to God.

e.

creation of the presidency.

17) The Second Continental Congress of Revolutionary days



a.

operated with strong constitutional authority.

b.

still did not comprise representatives from all thirteen states.

c.

took away the sovereignty of the states.

d.

was little more than a conference of ambassadors with very limited power.

e.

did little of lasting value.

18) The Founders failed to eliminate slavery because



a.

they did not truly believe in democracy.

b.

a fight over slavery might destroy national unity.

c.

they were more concerned with securing equality for women.

d.

the North, as its industry expanded, began to rely more heavily on slave labor.

e.

economic conditions would not allow such a loss.

19) The one branch of the government elected directly by the people is the



a.

military.

b.

House of Representatives.

c.

executive.

d.

judiciary.

e.

Senate.

20) Which of these is NOT a true statement about women's roles after the Revolution?



a.

They continued to do traditional women's work.

b.

They heeded Abigail Adams' warning to rebel if they did not gain political rights.

c.

The new ideology of republican motherhood elevated them as special keepers of the nation's conscience.

d.

They gained access to educational opportunities.

e.

State constitutions, like New Jersey's, briefly gave women the right to vote.

21) All of the following were factors in the fight for the separation of church and state except



a.

the Anglican Church was re-formed into the Protestant Episcopal Church.

b.

The disestablishment of the Congregational Church occurred throughout New England.

c.

Thomas Jefferson joined the effort.

d.

reformers in Virginia secured the passage of that state's Statute for Religious Freedom.

e.

there was resistance to completely disentangling the church from civic affairs in some parts of New England.

22) The American Revolution was



a.

truly radical.

b.

inconsequential in world history.

c.

an example of accelerated evolution rather than outright revolution.

d.

very much like the French revolution.

e.

very much like the Russian revolution.

23) Antifederalists believe that the sovereignty of the people resided in which branch of the central government?



a.

Executive

b.

Legislative

c.

Judicial

d.

Cabinet

e.

All of these

24) The Constitutional Convention was called to



a.

write a completely new constitution.

b.

allow the most radical Revolutionary leaders to write their ideas into law.

c.

weaken the power of the central government.

d.

revise the Articles of Confederation.

e.

reassess our foreign alliances.

25) The issue that finally touched off the movement toward the Constitutional Convention was



a.

control of public lands.

b.

control of commerce.

c.

Indian policy.

d.

monetary policy.

e.

foreign threats to our independence.

26) The Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention worked out an acceptable scheme for



a.

regulating interstate commerce.

b.

levying taxes for raising a militia.

c.

apportioning congressional representation.

d.

electing the president.

e.

choosing Senators.

27) Even though the wording of the Declaration of Independence says "All men are created equal," most states ____ property-holding requirements for voting.



a.

kept the same

b.

reduced

c.

raised

d.

ignored

e.

raised significantly

28) Shays's Rebellion was provoked by



a.

fear that the Articles of Confederation had created too strong a national government for the United States.

b.

efforts by wealthy merchants to replace the Articles of Confederation with a new constitution.

c.

a quarrel over the boundary between Massachusetts and Vermont.

d.

foreclosures on the mortgages of debt-strapped backcountry farmers.

e.

the government's failure to pay bonuses to Revolutionary War veterans.

29) The new Republic passed a major test when

a.

power was peacefully transferred from the conservative Federalists to the more liberal Jeffersonians in the election of 1800.

b.

George Washington and John Adams successfully guided American foreign policy during the 1790s.

c.

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton established the two-party system.

d.

Thomas Jefferson solved the Constitutional crisis by authorizing the Louisiana Purchase.

e.

the War Hawks and Anti-War Federalists came together to support James Madison's War of 1812.

30) Under the Constitution, the president of the United States was to be elected by a majority vote of the



a.

general public.

b.

Senate.

c.

Electoral College.

d.

House of Representatives.

e.

state legislatures.

31) It was highly significant to the course of future events that



a.

political democracy preceded economic democracy in the United States.

b.

deflation rather than inflation resulted from the Revolution.

c.

no economic depression occurred as a consequence of the Revolution.

d.

economic democracy preceded political democracy in the United States.

e.

the United States went off the gold standard after the Revolution.

32) As a means of ensuring that legislators stay in touch with the mood of the people, state constitutions



a.

were rewritten once every ten years.

b.

were rewritten once every five years.

c.

required yearly visits to the homes of their constituents.

d.

stipulated that ordinary legislation could override the constitution.

e.

required the annual election of legislators.

33) The idea that all tax measures should start in the House was made to appease



a.

the least populated states.

b.

western states.

c.

eastern states.

d.

the industrialists.

e.

the big states with the most people.


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