Unit 2: 1607-1754 Colonization and the Struggle for Continental Superiority Enduring Visions Chapters 2 & 3 Main Idea: Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control, and security in North American

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Unit 2: 1607-1754 Colonization and the
Struggle for Continental Superiority

Enduring Visions Chapters 2 & 3

Main Idea: Europeans and American Indians maneuvered and fought for dominance, control, and security in North American, and distinctive colonial and native societies emerged.

A.P. U.S. History

Essential Questions/ Skills:
What kind of demographic and social changes occurred in North America as a result of contact between Eastern and Western hemispheres?
How did conflict between European colonial nations lead to political instability for Europeans and Native American groups?
What changes in labor, trade, and territorial settlements resulted from competition between colonizers in North America?
In what ways did Europeans accommodate Native American culture, especially after conflict and revolts?
What factors promoted the Anglicization of the British colonies in this period? What impact did the European Enlightenment, in particular, have on the Americas?
How did attitudes about race develop in the American colonies? How did these attitudes contrast and compare with Spanish and Portuguese attitudes at the same time?
In what ways did American attitudes towards British imperial control develop in this period? What were the results?
What caused initial colonial resistance to the British empire?
How did salutary neglect affect British-American relations in this period?
Explain why regional distinctiveness appeared in the American colonies.

Key Concept 2.1: Differences in imperial goals, cultures, and the North American environments that different empires confronted led Europeans to develop diverse patterns of colonization.
Key Concept 2.2: European colonization efforts in North America stimulated intercultural contact and intensified conflict between the various groups of colonizers and native peoples.
Key Concept 2.3: The increasing political, economic, and cultural exchanges within the “Atlantic World” had a profound impact on the development of colonial societies in North America.

Actual Representation

Admiralty courts

Albany Plan of Union


Anne Hutchinson


Bacon’s Rebellion

Boston Bread Riot of 1710


First Great Awakening

Freedom Dues

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

George Whitefield

Halfway Covenant

John Locke

Jonathan Edwards

King Philip’s War

Leisler’s Rebellion

Maryland Toleration Act

Mayflower Compact


Navigation Acts (1660s)


Pueblo Revolt


Roger Williams

Salutary Neglect

Virtual Representation

Terms, People, and Concepts:

Dominion of New England

Elizabeth I

English Reformation


Glorious Revolution

Henry VIII

House of Burgesses

Indentured Servant

James I



John Peter Zenger

John Rolfe

John Winthrop

Joint-Stock Company

Lost colony of Roanoke

Molasses Act

Powhatan Confederacy

Proprietary Colony



Royal Colony


Sir Walter Raleigh


Stono Rebellion

The Starving Time

Virginia Company

William Penn

A.P. U.S. History

Unit 2: 1607-1754


Unit 1: 1491-1607

Unit 2: 1607-1754


The following questions have been asked as AP Free Response (FRQ) and Document Based Questions (DBQ) on this unit.
1. Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions:

  • New England

  • Chesapeake

  • Middle Atlantic

2. Analyze the origins development of slavery in Britain’s North American colonies in the period 1607 to 1776?

3. Analyze the cultural and economic responses of TWO of the following groups to the Indians of North America before 1750

  • British

  • French

  • Spanish

4. To what extent had the colonists developed a sense of their identity and unity as Americans by the eve of the Revolution (1750 to 1776)?

5. Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700.

6. For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American colonies as illustrated in the following:

7. Analyze the ways in which TWO of the following influenced the development of American society:

  • Puritanism during the seventeenth century

  • The Great Awakening during the eighteenth century

  • The Second Great Awakening during the nineteenth century

  1. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur?

  1. Analyze the differences between the Spanish settlements in the Southwest and the English colonies in New England in the seventeenth century in terms of TWO of the following:

    1. Politics

    2. Religion

    3. Economic Development

  1. Early encounters between American Indians and European colonists led to a variety of relationships among the different cultures. Analyze how the actions taken by BOTH American Indians and European colonists shaped those relationships in TWO of the following regions. Confine your answer to the 1600s.

    1. New England

    2. Chesapeake

    3. Spanish Southwest

    4. New York and New France

Unit 1: 1491-1607

A.P. U.S. History

Unit 1: 1491-1607

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