Study your Vocabulary
What three (3) rivers form ‘natural’ borders around Texas?
Rio Grande River, Sabine River, Red River
List and describe the four (4) regions of Texas
Coastal Plains – Location of most major cities (Austin, Dallas, San Antonio); Balcones Escarpment; Hot & Humid; Slopes down toward the Gulf; etc..
Great Plains – Lubbock, Amarillo; Palo Duro Canyon; How summers, Cold Winters
North Central Plains – Fort Worth; Farming & Ranching
Mountains & Basins – El Paso, Guadalupe Peak; Driest part of the state; Hot days, cold nights
What four (4) states touch Texas borders?
What Texas region contains the most desert land?
Mountains & Basins
How did Native Americans adapt to and modify their environment?
Name the highest mountain range in Texas and what region it is located in.
Guadalupe Peak located in the Mountains & Basins
Where did most cities develop (next to what physical feature)?
Describe a plain
Know the location of the Guadalupe Peak & Palo Dura Canyon
Guadalupe Peak – Mountains & Basins
Palo Dura Canyon – Great Plains
Study your chart on the 4 regions of Texas. Be able to compare and contrast the 4 regions.
For each of the following tribes, please identify what region of Texas they were found in, if they were nomadic or not, how they got their food and type of homes they lived in.
Caddo – Coastal Plains (Southeastern Culture); Not Nomadic; Dome shaped grass huts; Farmers; organized gov’t, women played important roles
Karankawa – Coastal Plains (Gulf Coast Culture); Nomadic; Hunters/Gathers; Mud Huts; Made Dugout Canoes
Coahuiltecan – Coastal Plains (Gulf Coast Culture); Nomadic; Hunters/Gathers; Homes made of mud & animal skin
Wichita – North Central Plains (Southeastern Culture); Not Nomadic; Hunters/Farmers; Domed shaped grass huts; known for tattoos around their eyes known as “raccoon eyes”
Kiowa – Great Plains (Plains Culture); Nomadic; Tepee; Hunters; known for their crafts, developed a calendar, were the most feared group on the plains
Comanche – Great Plains (Plains Culture); Nomadic; Hunters; Tepee; Life centered around hunting and war, used every part of the buffalo
Apache – Great Plains (Plains Culture); Nomadic; Hunters; Tepee; Used buffalo hide to protect themselves from the climate, for part of the year lived in farming communities along rivers & streams
Jumano – Mountains & Basins (Puebloan Culture) Not Nomadic; Farmers; Adobe Homes
Atakapan – Coastal Plains (Gulf Coast Culture); Nomadic; Hunters/Gathers; Grass Huts; Used dugout canoes and did some farming
Be able to compare and contrast these tribes
What type of housing did the Caddo live in?
The Coahuiltecan’s were known as nomads but rarely left what area?
Comanche life was centered on what two activities?
Hunting and War with other tribes
Most Plains Culture Indians (Comanche, Apache, Kiowa) lived in what type of housing AND survived off of what animal?
Tepees and survived off the buffalo