| IB 20th Century World History (Y2 HL & SL)
Unit 1: Concepts and 20th Century Chronology
Russian Revolution & Consolidation of USSR
EQs & Understandings:
What are the characteristics of different political ideologies?
What are internal and external sources of political change?
How do historical and environmental influences guide ideological choices?
How have history, ideology, and interaction(s) shaped modern societies?
How does the Cold War continue to shape international relationships?
Which concepts are essential for understanding 20th century political systems?
How does historiography impact interpretations of history (SPS, Cold War…)?
Eastern Europe at the time of the Russian (Soviet) withdrawal from World War I
Unit 1 Outline:
IB World History Y2
Introduction & Structures: Ideologies, States & Governments, Concepts & Theory
Unit 1 sets the structure for the course and introduces terms, concepts and vocabulary that will be used throughout. In addition to assessing your prior knowledge of 20th century World History, and an introduction major schools of historiography, this Unit includes a review of the underlying assumptions regarding:
development of Marxist and Socialist ideologies,
historical contexts of Communist (Bolshevik) & Nationalist revolutions
global conflicts within the Cold War (1945-1989)
Structure and Content
20th Century chronology and Global Overview. . . Why the Cold War?
Introduction to the IB structure: IAs, Paper1, Paper2s, and Paper 3s
Standard Level vs. Higher Level
Prescribed Subject: Communism in Crisis (Paper 1)
Topics: Authoritarian States (Paper 2/T3) & Cold War (Paper 2/T5) Additional - Nationalist/Independence Movements in E. Europe (P2/T4),
Current Events - Syrian Civil War, Ukraine vs. Russia
Historiography: An Introduction
Pre-Assessments: Paper 1 DBQ
Revolutionary Context -
Unsettled 19th Century
Impacts of WW 1 – 1914-1919
Territories and competing powers
Communist Manifesto (1848 and 1917)
Russian Revolution – Thesis and Options
Historiography: Orthodox? Western? Soviet? Liberal? Marxist? Revisionist? Traditional? Post-revisionist?
Geographic/Political contexts? When? (ORIGIN)
Point Of View(s)? (PURPOSE and LIMITATIONS)
What information? Data? (VALUE . . . to you as historians)
Decemberists (1825 - not the band)
Developed vs. Developing
-1st World vs. 3rd World
European Community /Union (EU)
GDP or GNP
Ideology / Ideological
James Madison-Federalist Papers
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
Services/ Service Economy
Adam Smith-Wealth of Nations
State (and Nation)
Treaty of Westphalia -1648
People : Historical Players
Mao Ze Dong
Pope John Paul II
Unit 2 Outline:
IB World History Y2
Bolshevik Revolution 1914-1924
Est. of Soviet State (SPS)
The Consolidation of the Soviet Union Includes:
The fall of the tsar, the Bolsheviks' rise to power, and the ensuing civil war (1918-1921)
Use of terror -by the Bolsheviks and Stalin-to consolidate power and eliminate dissent
Lenin and Trotsky's contributions to Marxist thought
Governing principles of the USSR and the role of the party within that entity
Soviet efforts to modernize the economy and Russian society
The social costs and effects of Soviet economic planning
The influence of the Third International on colonized regions as it promoted world revolution
Key Facts, Terms & People to Know:
Civil War 1918-1921
GDP or GNP
Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels
NEP – New Economic Policy
October Revolution 1917
Treaty of Brest Litovsk 1918
Paper 2 Essential Understandings:
Origins of single-party states
conditions which produce single-party state
emergence of leader: aims, ideology, support
Establishment of single-party states
methods: force, legal
form of government, ideology (left and right wing)
totalitarianism, treatment of opposition
Rule of Single Party states
Regional and Global impact
foreign policy as a means of maintaining the regime
impact of regime outside the state as a factor in the Cold War
Material for detailed Study
Russia: Vladimir Lenin and Josef Stalin
China: Mao Zedong
2014 Paper 2 – Topic 3 Qs:
“The rise to power of authoritarian or single-party leaders was the result of the failure of existing regimes to address the economic problems of the population.” With reference to TWO leaders, each chosen from a different region, to what extent do you agree with this statement?
Identify the nature and extent of opposition to ONE authoritarian or single-party ruler AND assess the methods used to deal with the opposition.
Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of Mao and Stalin.
Examine the successes and failures of EITHER Perón OR Castro as a leader of an authoritarian or single party state.
Analyze EITHER the changing status of women OR the treatment of religious groups in TWO authoritarian or single-party states, each chosen from a different region.
Required Readings /Works Cited (Chicago Style)
Caryl, Christian. “Prologue: The Great Backlash.” In Strange Rebels: 1979 and the Birth of the 21st Century, ix-xv. New York: Basic Books, Peruses Book Group, 2013.
Diamond, Larry. “A Report Card on Democracy.” Hoover Digest, No. 3. July 30, 2000. Accessed September 2012 from http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/7310
Lenin, Vladimir I. “On War and Revolution 1917.” Excerpt in Worlds of History, A Comparative Reader, Vol 2. ed. Kevin Reilly, New York: Bedford/St Martins Press, 2007, pp. 378-381
Lewis, Ben. Chpt 1 – Laughter Under Lenin. In Hammer and Tickle, The Story of Communism, a Political System Almost Laughed Out of Existence. New York: Pegasus Books, pp.22-31
Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engles. The Communist Manifesto. (excerpt) London: 1848 / 1890 ed Accessed June 2013 from http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html
Meacham, Jon. “Conflict from Gaza to Ukraine, the Effects of WW 1 Persist” Time Magazine (Print) July 24, 2014.
O’Neil, Patrick Chpt 4 – Political Ideology. In Essentials of Comparative Politics. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2007, pp. 231-247.
Todd, Allen. Ideologies - Communism vs. Capitalism from History for the IB Diploma-The Cold War. London: Cambridge University Press, 2011
Optional Readings/ Extensions (mostly online)