Unit 1: Concepts and 20th Century Chronology Russian Revolution & Consolidation of ussr



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IB 20th Century World History (Y2 HL & SL)

Unit 1: Concepts and 20th Century Chronology

Russian Revolution & Consolidation of USSR

EQs & Understandings:


  • What are the characteristics of different political ideologies?

  • What are internal and external sources of political change?

  • How do historical and environmental influences guide ideological choices?

  • How have history, ideology, and interaction(s) shaped modern societies?

  • How does the Cold War continue to shape international relationships?

  • Which concepts are essential for understanding 20th century political systems?

  • How does historiography impact interpretations of history (SPS, Cold War…)?




Eastern Europe at the time of the Russian (Soviet) withdrawal from World War I



Unit 1 Outline:

IB World History Y2

Introduction & Structures: Ideologies, States & Governments, Concepts & Theory


Unit 1 sets the structure for the course and introduces terms, concepts and vocabulary that will be used throughout. In addition to assessing your prior knowledge of 20th century World History, and an introduction major schools of historiography, this Unit includes a review of the underlying assumptions regarding:

  1. development of Marxist and Socialist ideologies,

  2. historical contexts of Communist (Bolshevik) & Nationalist revolutions

  3. global conflicts within the Cold War (1945-1989)





Structure and Content


  1. 20th Century chronology and Global Overview. . . Why the Cold War?

  2. Introduction to the IB structure: IAs, Paper1, Paper2s, and Paper 3s

  • Standard Level vs. Higher Level

  • Prescribed Subject: Communism in Crisis (Paper 1)

    • Topics: Authoritarian States (Paper 2/T3) & Cold War (Paper 2/T5) Additional - Nationalist/Independence Movements in E. Europe (P2/T4),

  1. Current Events - Syrian Civil War, Ukraine vs. Russia

  2. Historiography: An Introduction

  3. Pre-Assessments: Paper 1 DBQ

  4. Revolutionary Context -

    • Unsettled 19th Century

    • Competing Ideologies

    • Impacts of WW 1 – 1914-1919

    • Territories and competing powers

  5. Communist Manifesto (1848 and 1917)

  6. Russian Revolution – Thesis and Options



Historiography: Orthodox? Western? Soviet? Liberal? Marxist? Revisionist? Traditional? Post-revisionist?
Geographic/Political contexts? When? (ORIGIN)

Point Of View(s)? (PURPOSE and LIMITATIONS)

What information? Data? (VALUE . . . to you as historians)


General Vocabulary
Authoritarian

Bolshevik

Bourgeoisie

Capacity


Capitalism

Civil Rights

Cold War

Communism

Communist Manifesto

Competition

Comrade

Conservative



Counter Revolutionary

Decemberists (1825 - not the band)

Democracy

Developed vs. Developing

-1st World vs. 3rd World

Dictatorship


Ethnicity

Ethnocentric

European Community /Union (EU)

Fascism


Federalism

GDP or GNP

Globalization

Government

Government

Historiography

Ideology / Ideological

Imperialism

Insurgency

Left-Wing

Legitimacy

Liberal

Liberal Democracy



James Madison-Federalist Papers

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

Marxism

Modernization



Nation

Nation-State

Nationalism

Political Culture

Political Economy

Political System

Post-Industrial

Proletariat

Radical

Reactionary



Redistribution

Regime


Regulation

Republic


Revolution

Right Wing

Services/ Service Economy

Adam Smith-Wealth of Nations

Socialism

State (and Nation)

Totalitarian

Transparency

Treaty of Westphalia -1648

Welfare State

Westernization
People : Historical Players

Deng Xiaoping

Ayatollah Khomeini

Mikhail Gorbachev

Vladimir Lenin

James Madison

Karl Marx

Mao Ze Dong

Pope John Paul II

Ronald Reagan

Adam Smith

Josef Stalin

Margaret Thatcher

Leon Trotsky



Unit 2 Outline:

IB World History Y2

PAPER 2

Bolshevik Revolution 1914-1924

Est. of Soviet State (SPS)


The Consolidation of the Soviet Union Includes:

  • The fall of the tsar, the Bolsheviks' rise to power, and the ensuing civil war (1918-1921)

  • Use of terror -by the Bolsheviks and Stalin-to consolidate power and eliminate dissent

  • Lenin and Trotsky's contributions to Marxist thought

  • Governing principles of the USSR and the role of the party within that entity

  • Soviet efforts to modernize the economy and Russian society

  • The social costs and effects of Soviet economic planning

  • The influence of the Third International on colonized regions as it promoted world revolution


Key Facts, Terms & People to Know:

Anarchists

Authoritarian

Bolshevik

Nikolai Bukharin

Capacity


Capitalism

Civil War 1918-1921

Collectivization

Communist

Conservative

Constituent Assembly

Ethnicity

Evolutionary

Extraction

Famine


Fascism

GDP or GNP

Ideology

Industrialization

Kadets

Kronstadt Sailors



Left-Wing

Legitimacy

Vladimir Lenin

Liberal


Liberal Democracy

Marxism


Menshevik

Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

NEP – New Economic Policy

Nation


October Revolution 1917

Octoberists

Peasants

Proletariat

Radical

Red Army


Redistribution

Revolution

Right Wing

Socialism

Joseph Stalin

State Duma

Totalitarian

Treaty of Brest Litovsk 1918

Leon Trotsky
Paper 2 Essential Understandings:
Origins of single-party states


  • conditions which produce single-party state

  • emergence of leader: aims, ideology, support


Establishment of single-party states

  • methods: force, legal

  • form of government, ideology (left and right wing)

  • totalitarianism, treatment of opposition


Rule of Single Party states


Regional and Global impact

  • foreign policy as a means of maintaining the regime

  • impact of regime outside the state as a factor in the Cold War


Material for detailed Study

  • Russia: Vladimir Lenin and Josef Stalin

  • China: Mao Zedong


2014 Paper 2 – Topic 3 Qs:

  • “The rise to power of authoritarian or single-party leaders was the result of the failure of existing regimes to address the economic problems of the population.” With reference to TWO leaders, each chosen from a different region, to what extent do you agree with this statement?




  • Identify the nature and extent of opposition to ONE authoritarian or single-party ruler AND assess the methods used to deal with the opposition.




  • Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of Mao and Stalin.



  • Examine the successes and failures of EITHER Perón OR Castro as a leader of an authoritarian or single party state.




  • Analyze EITHER the changing status of women OR the treatment of religious groups in TWO authoritarian or single-party states, each chosen from a different region.

Required Readings /Works Cited (Chicago Style)

Caryl, Christian. “Prologue: The Great Backlash.” In Strange Rebels: 1979 and the Birth of the 21st Century, ix-xv. New York: Basic Books, Peruses Book Group, 2013.


Diamond, Larry. “A Report Card on Democracy.” Hoover Digest, No. 3. July 30, 2000. Accessed September 2012 from http://www.hoover.org/publications/hoover-digest/article/7310
Lenin, Vladimir I. “On War and Revolution 1917.” Excerpt in Worlds of History, A Comparative Reader, Vol 2. ed. Kevin Reilly, New York: Bedford/St Martins Press, 2007, pp. 378-381

Lewis, Ben. Chpt 1 – Laughter Under Lenin. In Hammer and Tickle, The Story of Communism, a Political System Almost Laughed Out of Existence. New York: Pegasus Books, pp.22-31


Marx, Karl and Friedrich Engles. The Communist Manifesto. (excerpt) London: 1848 / 1890 ed Accessed June 2013 from http://www.anu.edu.au/polsci/marx/classics/manifesto.html
Meacham, Jon. “Conflict from Gaza to Ukraine, the Effects of WW 1 Persist” Time Magazine (Print) July 24, 2014.
O’Neil, Patrick Chpt 4 – Political Ideology. In Essentials of Comparative Politics. New York:  W.W. Norton and Company, 2007, pp.  231-247. 
Todd, Allen. Ideologies - Communism vs. Capitalism from History for the IB Diploma-The Cold War. London: Cambridge University Press, 2011

Optional Readings/ Extensions (mostly online)


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