Unit 02 – American Revolution The following outline will guide your note taking during class lectures. It is your responsibility to complete the outline. If you miss a class, please read the scanned textbook pages, borrow a textbook from the classroom library and read the appropriate section, or read the Digital History pages for this section: http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/subtitles.cfm?titleID=53.
Treaty of Paris (1783) – Was signed after the last battle. Established America as a nation. It outlined our borders from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River AND Canada to the Florida border
IV. Significant Historical Figures of the American Revolution
Benedict Arnold - originally fought for the colonists, later switched allegiance and supported the British because he was upset that he was not promoted to a General in the Continental Army. Despite military accomplishments, became widely known as a traitor.
Benjamin Franklin - drew the political cartoon “Join or Die” which was originally published during the French and Indian war but later used as a symbol for the American Revolution. He also invented many things such as bifocals and Daylight Savings Time. He had a good relationship with the French and convinced them to provide aid to the colonists after the American victory at Saratoga. He also helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War.
Betsy Ross – I was the famous seamstress who stitched the first flag of the United States. George Washington designed the flag but gave it to me to sew. There have been some rumors that I wasn’t the person who stitched this flag but primary source evidence (in the form of diary entries) disproved them.
Paul Revere- Part of the midnight riders that alerted the townspeople of Lexington and Concord that British soldiers were about to arrive to search for hidden arms (weapons). Also an engraver and depicted the Boston Massacre in a masterful piece of anti-British propaganda.
General Charles Cornwallis- British General who fought against the Continental Army. Led a victory in Charleston, South Carolina but later lost the Battles of Princeton and Yorktown. Signed the orders to surrender to the American force outside of Yorktown, Virginia.
“Gentleman” Johnny Burgoyne – British General, very popular with my soldiers. made war more civilized by bringing food, wine and music to my troops. Surrendered my sword to the colonists in the Battle of Saratoga.
George Washington- His military career did not start off well. He lost the Battle of Fort Necessity in the French and Indian War. He learned from my mistakes though and helped lead the colonists to victory in the Battle of Trenton. He knew that troop enlistments were close to expiration, so he led my troops across the icy Delaware River and defeated the Hessians.
John Adams – First vice president then the second president of the United States. Helped write the Declaration of Independence. While in the Second Continental Congress, wanted to make peace with Britain through the Olive Branch Petition but it was rejected by the British government. Helped to write the Declaration of Independence which was ratified (voted on) on July 2, 1776 but signed on July 4, 1776.
Molly Pitcher – carried water back and forth to soldiers during the Revolution. George Washington believed she had the qualities to be a sergeant. She helped load the cannons in battle.
Samuel Adams – helped organize the Boston Tea Party by passing out circulars saying “no taxation without representation”. A member of the Sons of Liberty, helped to create the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence.