Unifying Italy Although the people of the Italian peninsula spoke the same language, they had not experienced political unity since Roman times. By the early 1800s, though, Italian patriots were determined to build a new united Italy



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Unifying Italy
Although the people of the Italian peninsula spoke the same language, they had not experienced political unity since Roman times. By the early 1800s, though, Italian patriots were determined to build a new united Italy. As in Germany, unification was brought about by the efforts of a strong state and furthered by a shrewd, ruthless politician Count Camillo Cavour.



Essential Question

How did influential leaders help to create a unified Italy?



Objectives

  • List the key obstacles to Italian unity.

  • Summarize how Cavour unified Italy.

  • Describe the challenges that faced the new nation of Italy.





Witness to History – page 338


  1. What event is Mazzini describing?



  1. Why was this significant to him?



Right Leg in the Boot at Last


Analyzing Political Cartoonsright boot in the leg at last.jpg

In this 1860 British cartoon, the king of Sardinia is receiving control of lands taken by the nationalist Garibaldi. The act was one of the final steps in the unification of Italy.




  1. What symbol does the cartoonist use for the soon-to-be nation of Italy?



  1. How is Garibaldi portrayed?


  1. What does the title of the cartoon say about the cartoonist’s view of Italian unification?


Directions: Use the textbook page s 338-342 to complete the note packet.
http://westerncivguides.umwblogs.org/files/2012/05/italy-1858-final.gif


Obstacles to Italian Unity

  1. Austrian Prince Metternich thought the idea of a unified Italy was ____________________.

  2. What was the geographical and political situation in Italy in the early 1800s? Use the map and the reading to formulate your response.



  1. In the 1830s, the nationalist leader Giuseppe Mazzini founded Young Italy. The goal of this _________ society was “to constitute Italy, one free, ___________________, republican nation. What arguments did nationalists like Mazzini offer in support of a national unity?



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The Struggle for Italy

  1. After 1848, leadership of the Risorgimento, or Italian nationalist movement, passed to the kingdom of Sardinia. Its constitutional monarch _______________________________ hoped to join other states to his kingdom.

  2. In 1852, Victor Emmanuel made Count ____________ _______________ his prime minister. Cavour was a wealthy noble. He was flexible, practical, and _______________ politician. Like Bismarck in Prussia, Cavour believed in _________________________.http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-pcktwlxjg-m/tdzaxp7d9ki/aaaaaaaaah8/dl4pns3f5pg/s1600/cavour2.jpg

  3. In chronological order, show the steps Cavour took to promote Italian unity.













  1. What role did Giuseppe Garibaldi, leader of the Red Shirts, play in uniting?


  1. Describe the last steps Cavour takes to finalize unification?



Challenges Facing the New Nation
Italians faced a host of problems. Like the German empire that Bismarck cemented together out of many states, Italy had no tradition of unity. Few Italians felt ties to the new nation. Strong regional rivalries left Italy unable to solve critical national issues.



  1. Describe the differences between the north and south.

    1. North




    1. South



  1. The Papal States were not pleased with Italy’s unification. The government granted the papacy _____________ rights and control over church properties.

  2. Under Victor Emmanuel, Italy was a constitutional monarchy with a two-house ____________________________. Socialists organized strikes while ________________ turned to sabotage and violence. Define anarchists.



  1. Despite its problems, Italy did develop economically. Although they lacked natural resources such as ____________. Those looking for jobs went to cites, and others ______________ looking elsewhere for better economic opportunities.


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