|Unicorn Species of the World
WESTERN UNICORNS Unicornua europa
HERALDIC UNICORNS (U. e. heraldica)
Common/Heraldic/Western Unicorn (U. e. europa heraldica)
Body of a horse, beard and cloven hooves of a goat, a lion´s tail. A slender spiral white red or gold horn on its forehead. Males are larger than females. Ivory cream or pure white, extremely rarely green or light grey coat in its northern range. The coat grows thicker and longer during winter months and males grow a beard too. The coat tint changes to fawn or creamy white tints. Brown eyes and large ears. Mane and tail are often white, but the horn, mane, tail and hooves can be golden as well. In its southern counterparts, this unicorn varies in color from nearly black to chestnut or tawny gold. Smaller than a horse, almost the size of a calf or Irish wolfhound.
British Isles Unicorn (U. e. heraldica Britannia)
Somewhat larger than the heraldic species, has a shaggier coat especially at the ankles, blue eyes and a longer more flowing mane and tail.
Goat Unicorns (U. e. capra) SUBFAMILY
Goat variant Unicorn (U. e. capra)
A white goat with a white single horn protruding from its head.
Aristotle/Physiologus Unicorn-goat (U. e. capra aristotles) SUBSPECIES
A small unicorn with a kidlike appearance. Its tail is like that of a goat. Brown or white very rarely blue in coat color. Has horse hooves.
Deer Unicorns (U. e. cervus) SUBFAMILY
Deer Unicorn/ Tartary/Unicorn deer-goat (U. e. cervus capra)
A blue unicorn with the head and neck of a stag, the tail and hooves of a goat. Its horn is white. It can also look like a deer completely with a brown coat and a brown long horn divided like a fork at the top, ending in two sharp points.
Caucasus Unicorn/Strabo´s Unicorn (U. e. cervus strabo)
One-horned horses with stag-like heads.
Caesar´s/Hercynian Unicorn (U. e. cervus caesar)
Size of a bull, shaped like a stag with a single horn.
Horse Unicorn (U. e. equus) SUBFAMILY
Modern Unicorn (U. e. e. equus)
A white horse with a single golden horn on its forehead.
AMERICAN UNICORNS (Unicornua americana)
Canadian/Maine Unicorn (U. a. olfertis)
Resembling a horse, but with cloven hooves, rough mane, a long straight horn upon the forehead, a curled tail like that of the wild boar, black eyes, and a neck like that of the stag. Probably the size of and color of a Canadian moose.
FLORIDA UNICORN (U.a. floridianus)
Florida/Souanamma Unicorn (U. a. f. cornu frenum)
A horned “beast” probably resembled a Key deer in both size and shape.
MEXICAN UNICORN (U. a. mexica)
Mexican Unicorn (U. a. m. cibola)
Half as big as an ox, with one long horn on its forehead. Due to the large size, it may resemble the Desert Bighorn sheep in shape and size. Or, it may resemble the Mule deer or Mexican white tailed deer or even the Pronghorn, however NOT in size.
AFRICAN UNICORNS Unicornua africanus
South African/Tire Bina Unicorn (U. a. africanus tira)
Body of a deer, long neck, single horn. Possibly reminds of an Eland antelope in appearance. Another description says it was the size and shape of a small horse, had a dull lightly grey (ashen) hue above, with a black line running along its back, and white from the lower jaw to the abdomen. The coat was very short. Shaggy at the head, legs and feet. It had a short mane and tail like that of a horse, but not as full. There was a small bundle of hairs on the brow from the midst of which there sprang a single horn to which the hairs adhered. This horn, barely three spans in length, had not the spiral striae seen in European alicorns, but small protuberances running in a straight line from the base to the point. It was of a golden hue and hollow at the root. On the point of this horn there was another bundle of hairs, as large as a man's fist and reddish. The feet were cloven.
Kordofan Unicorn (U. a. africanus kordofanis) SUBSPECIES
About as large as a horse and of the same shape, with reddish smooth hide, divided hoofs, and one long slender straight horn on its brow.
A´nasa/ Arweharis/ Ethiopian/Marmol/Marmolius/Lobo´s/Damotes/Agaosian/Maninaian/Abyssinian Unicorn (U. a. africanus anasae) SUBSPECIES
Resembling an ass or colt of two years in shape and size with horse hooves but with a boar's tail and a single, short white horn with grooves. Its coat is grey. The mane and beard are like those of a goat. Another version has the shape of a horse, are of a Bay color, with a black tail, which in some Provinces is long, in others very short; some have long manes hanging to the ground.
Dar-Bargou/Fresnel´s Unicorn (U. a. africanus fresneli)
In appearance somewhat like a wild bull, it has the legs and feet of an elephant, a round and almost hairless body,a short tail, and a single horn. For two-thirds of its length it is of an ashen grey-colour, like the rest of the animal, but the upper third is a vivid scarlet.
Vincent´s/Molucca/Currentes/Campchurch Unicorn (U. a. africanus thevet)
It had an equine head and mane, and in size was as large as a stag. Its forelegs had cloven hooves like a stag and its backlegs webbed feet like those of a duck. It had a short horn on its forehead. It lived on fish.
Alexandrian/Paradis´s/Prester´s Unicorn (U. a. africanus paradises)
It was about as large as a boar-hound, though not so slender in body, had a glossy coat like that of the beaver in color, a slender neck, small ears, and one horn between the ears, very smooth, dark, and only one foot long. The head was short and thin, the muzzle round like a calf’s, the eyes were very large and fierce in aspect, the legs lean, the hooves divided like a deer’s. The animal was of one color all over except one forefoot, which was yellow.
SOUTH AMERICAN UNICORN Unicornu patagonicum
South American/Patagonian/Chiloé/Camahueto Unicorn (U. p. patagonicum camahuetos)
A large black unicorn with the body of a bull or a calf and a single silver horn on its forehead. OR a slender necked black unicorn with the body of a guanaco with a very long silver horn on its forehead.
ASIAN UNICORNS Unicornua carcadan
ARABIAN UNICORNS (U. c. arabs)
Asian/Persian/Samarkand/Tanganyikan/Re'em/Karkadann Unicorn (U. c. carcadan arabs persica)
Antelope like in appearance it reminds of an Arabian Oryx although NOT in size. Has a lion´s tail. It had on its feet two or even three split cloven hooves, its black horn twisted in the form of a spiraI. The horn could be either pointed backwards or be forward, like the European species. Coat color was probably white with black legs and face markings like the Arabian Oryx, OR a dappled grey with black spots on its back. Is probably the largest of all Unicorn species.
Tahash/Kosher Unicorn (U. c. carcadan arabs tahash) SUBSPECIES
Jewish variant of Re’em Unicorn. Had a multicolored coat, possibly like that of a badger or blue.
Karkadann Unicorn (U. c. carcadan arabs leo) SUBSPECIES
A horse´s body with a lion´s head. One version had a brown color, cloven feet, a goat´s tail and a single large white horn protruding from its forehead. Another version has a lion’s head, body of a bull with feet of a stag or goat and a bull´s tail. Its body scales are yellow and its short horn red. It reminds strongly about a Chinese Qilin, but is much larger.
Arabian/Faran/Pharan/Makkah/Bakkah Unicorn (U. c. arabs faranis) SUBSPECIES
About the size of a large colt. Its horn is very long and thin. Sorrel (copper red chestnut) coat color, and had the head of a stag, but no long neck, a thin mane hanging only on the one side. Their legs are like those of a fawn or hind. The hooves of the forefeet are like those of a goat. The outward part of the hind feet has lots of hair and the hooves are like those of a horse. Probably has a lion´s tail like its larger cousin, the Persian Unicorn.
Sinai Unicorn (U. c. arabs camelus sinai)
Large and probably resembled a Camel in size and shape, although perhaps with more antelope like traits. Its coat was probably white or like that of the camel´s, its single horn great and in a brilliant hue, set in silver and gold.
Vouru-Kasha/ Bundahis Unicorn (U. c. arabs ormuzd)
Its feet are three, eyes six, mouths nine, ears two, and horn one. Body is white. The horn is as it were of pure gold. In body shape it reminds of a Persian onager. In size, it´s huge.
INDIAN UNICORNS (U. c. Indos)
Indian/ Herodotus/Ctesis/Hyphasis/Apollonius Unicorn (U. c. herodotus indos)
The original first unicorn to be described. It was the size of a horse or even larger, had the body of an onager, white in body, had a dark red head, blue eyes. The lower part of the horn was white, the middle black and the tip a flaming red. Its ankles were a cinnabar red in hue and it had cloven feet.
Indian/Aelian Unicorn (U. c. aelis indos) SUBSPECIES
Size of a horse. Body is all white except for the head, which is slightly purple, their eyes are dark blue and the horn is white at the base, black in the middle and red at the top. The horn is also double the length of the Ctesis Unicorn´s horn. Has a reddish mane and the feet are cloven. Ankles are black.
Indian/Aelian Kartajan/Cartazon/Kartayan Unicorn (U. c. aelis kartajanis) SUBSPECIES
A variant that has a tawny coat, cloven feet and a reddish mane. Size of a horse. Its horn is like that of an antelope´s, black in color. It has a goat´s tail.
JAVAN UNICORN (Unicornu sondaica)
Pliny´s/Solinus´s /Marco Polo/ Javan/Carcazonon/Orsan/Monoceros/Monokeras Unicorn
(U. c. monokeras sondaica)
The head of a stag, the body of a horse, the feet of an elephant, the tail of a boar, and a single very long black horn growing from the forehead. Has a fawn coat. Slightly smaller than Javan elephants.
RUSSIAN UNICORNS (Unicornu ruthenia)
Russian/Evenk/Indrik Unicorn (U. c. ruthenia indrika)
A huge black unicorn the size of an elephant, with the body of a bull with legs of a deer, head of a horse with a single horn on its forehead.
Ibn Fadlan Unicorn (U. c. ruthenia fadlanis)
Smaller than a camel, taller than a bull. Head of a ram, tail of a bull. Body of a mule, legs are like a bull´s. One extremely long horn, thick at the bottom and narrows to the top.
CHINESE UNICORNS (Unicornua serica)
Chinese Unicorn/Qilin (U. c. s. serica)
Head of a dragon, body of a tiger with scales OR hooves of a horse, body of a deer, tail of an ox with a single horn on its forehead. Considered rare
Mongolian Unicorn/ Jiao-shui Qilin (U. c. s. temujin khan) SUBSPECIES
Head of a horse, body of a deer. It´s fur is green, its horn red and black. Size wise, it is like a medium sized deer.
Ming Qilin (U. c. s. serica ming) SUBSPECIES
Hooves of an ox, head of a dragon, two horns and flame like head ornaments.
Qing Qilin (U. c. s. serica qing) SUBSPECIES
Head of a dragon, antlers of a deer, scales of a fish on body, hooves of an ox and the tail of a lion.
Xiezhi/Haetae/Haitai (U. c. serica cornu leo parvus) SUBSPECIES
A lion´s body and face, but with a single horn on its head, a divine goat with a single horn. Cleft feet. Another variant has lion paws instead of goat legs. Probably the smallest of the Unicorn species.
BOVINE UNICORNS (U. c. serica bovis) SUBFAMILY
Sin-you/Xinui/ Hiai Chai, Chiai Tung, Kai Tsi Unicorn (U. c. serica bovis tsi)
A large unicorn with the body of a tawny ox with irregular black spots, hooves and a shaggy mane. It has a scaly underside. Its head resembles that of a goat or camel with a single horn. OR it has a feline body with paws, a shaggy mane and a head of an ox with the nose of a goat or camel with a single horn on its head. It has intense eyes. It has a tail of a horse.
Bai Ze/Kutabe Unicorn (U. c. serica bovis ze)
A monstrous large white bovine unicorn with nine eyes and six horns, arranged in sets of threes or twos flanking its human deer like face. Has black legs and cleft feet, a long white round tail akin to one of a fox. OR a white lion´s body, eight eyes, their head being adorned with a single or multiple horns. Sometimes it can just have one eye in the center of its head.
TIBETAN UNICORN (U. c. thibetum)
Tibetan/Chiru/ Tso’po/Adtaa/Orongo/Tangutan Unicorn (U. c. t. thibetum chiru)
It resembles the medium sized Tibetan Antelope or Chiru. Has a single very long black horn on its forehead. Males can distinguished by the presence of horns and by black stripes on the legs, both of which the females lack. Males are also much larger than females. . The color of the coat is pale fawn to reddish-brown, with a whitish belly, and is particularly thick and woolly. The face is almost black in colour, with prominent nasal swellings that have a paler colour in males. In general, the colouration of males becomes more intense during the mating season, with the coat becoming much paler, almost white, contrasting with the darker patterns on the face and legs. The tail is short, like that of a goat´s. In size, it is larger than a Chiru .
JAPANESE UNICORN (Unicornu iaponia)
Japanese Unicorn/Kilin/Kirin (U. i. iaponia)
Brown body of a musk deer, tail of an ox. A dragon´s head. With a single horn. OR it has a lion´s tail, the legs and body of a deer, a dragon´s head with a single horn OR head can be a dragon’s head with a beard, no mane and two short horns with three rounded prongs. Multicolored scales on its back. Has a yellow or brown belly. Scales are red, blue, and white, black, yellow. A variant is a brown deer with a mane and blue scales. A white short horn. Is the result of combined Ki and Lin.
Male Ki have the head of a boar, the body of a lion with a smooth coat, legs and paws of a lion. A full mane that spreads up from the neck. Horn is white and short. Tail of a lion.
Female Lin has the body of an ox with scales, a full mane that spreads up from the neck and legs and tail of an ox. They have the head of a dragon. Horn is long, white and goes back on the head.