Understanding American Citizenship: Chinese Immigration in the United States



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Chinese Americans and Technology


Read the following article about Jerry Yang. Write a summary of the article. For each paragraph, write 1 or more important facts.



Jerry Yang (entrepreneur)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Jerry Yang
楊致遠

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/49/jerry_yang.jpg/220px-jerry_yang.jpg
Jerry Yang






























Early life


Born in Taipei, Taiwan on November 6, 1968, Yang moved to San Jose, California at the age of ten with his mother and younger brother. His father died when Yang was two. He claimed that despite his mother being an English teacher, he only knew one English word (shoe) on his arrival. Becoming fluent in three years, he was placed into an AP English class.[4]

Yang graduated from Sierramont Middle School, and Piedmont Hills High School.[5] He went on to earn a Bachelor of Science and a Master of Science in electrical engineering from Stanford University, where he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity.[5][6]


Career


While he studied in Electrical Engineering at Stanford University, he co-created in April 1994 with David Filo an Internet website called "Jerry and Dave's Guide to the World Wide Web" consisting of a directory of other websites. It was renamed "Yahoo!" (an exclamation). Yahoo! became very popular, and Yang and Filo realized the business potential and co-founded Yahoo! Inc. in April 1995.[7] They took leaves of absence and postponed their doctoral programs indefinitely.

Yahoo! started off as a web portal with a web directory providing an extensive range of products and services for online activities. It is now one of the leading internet brands and, due to partnerships with telecommunications firms, has the most trafficked network on the internet.[citation needed]

On November 17, 2008, The Wall Street Journal reported that Jerry Yang would step down as CEO as soon as the company found a replacement. He had been criticized by many investors, including Carl Icahn, for not increasing revenues and the Yahoo! stock price.[8]

On January 13, 2009, Yahoo! named Silicon Valley veteran Carol Bartz as its new chief executive, effectively replacing Yang.[9] Yang regained his former position as "Chief Yahoo" and remains on Yahoo's board of directors.[10]


Personal life


Yang is married to Akiko Yamazaki, a Japanese woman who was raised in Costa Rica. She graduated from Stanford University with a degree in industrial engineering and is a director with the Wildlife Conservation Network. The couple met at the Stanford University in Kyoto overseas program in 1992.

Yang is currently on the Board of Directors of Alibaba, the Asian Pacific Fund, Cisco, and Yahoo! Japan, and is also on the Stanford University Board of Trustees.[11]


Philanthropy


In February 2007, Jerry Yang and his wife gave USD $75 million to Stanford University, their alma mater, the bulk of which went to building the "Jerry Yang and Akiko Yamazaki Environment and Energy Building",[12] a multi-disciplinary research, teaching and lab building, the first to be realized on Stanford's new Science and Engineering Quad.

Criticism


Jerry Yang was criticized for a statement regarding the role of Yahoo! in the arrest of Chinese journalist Shi Tao by Chinese authorities.

While in China, Shi Tao used a Yahoo email address to notify a pro-democracy website that the Chinese government ordered the Chinese media not to cover the fifteenth anniversary of the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 on June 4. Yahoo! provided the Chinese security agencies with the IP addresses of the senders, the recipients and the time of the message. Tao was subsequently convicted for "divulging state secrets abroad." Yang was heavily criticized and Reporters Without Borders called Yahoo! "a Chinese police informant" whose actions led to the conviction of a journalist and writer.

Jerry Yang declared, "To be doing business in China, or anywhere else in the world, we have to comply with local law[s]." This was controversial, as critics claimed Yahoo! violated international law as well as a 1989 decision by the U.S. Congress to prohibit U.S. companies from selling "crime control and detection" equipment or software to the Chinese Government.[13]

The New York Times reported that political prisoner Wang Xiaoning and other journalists had brought a civil suit against Yahoo for allegedly aiding and abetting the Chinese government which, it was claimed, resulted in torture that included beatings and imprisonment.[14]

In October of 2007 Jerry Yang was summoned to Washington to answer for Yahoo's comments regarding its role in the arrests of Shi Tao and other journalists in China.[15][16]

On November 14, 2007, Yahoo agreed to settle with affected Chinese dissidents, paying them undisclosed compensation. Yang stated, "After meeting with the families, it was clear to me what we had to do to make this right for them, for Yahoo, and for the future." In response, Democratic Congressman Tom Lantos, chairman of the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs, stated, "It took a tongue-lashing from Congress before these high-tech titans did the right thing and coughed up some concrete assistance for the family of a journalist whom Yahoo had helped send to jail. What a disgrace."[17]

Jerry Yang wrote a letter to then-Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice requesting her assistance in freeing the jailed dissidents.[18] In addition, Yang established the Yahoo! Human Rights Fund, a fund to provide "humanitarian and legal support" to online dissidents.[19] One of the first public projects of the fund was financing the establishment of the Laogai Museum, a museum opened by noted Chinese dissident Harry Wu to showcase China's laogai penal system.[20]

This change of heart has not been able to stop the chain of events that began with the arrest of jailed dissident Li Zhi, which resulted in another lawsuit being filed against Yahoo on behalf of Plaintiffs Zheng Cunzhu and Guo Quan who allege the loss of property and a garment business. The complaint alleges, "violation of international law including torture and prolonged detention, as well as unfair business practices, intentional infliction of emotional distress, false imprisonment and assault."[21]



Glossary

Amnesty: granting a pardon or excuse to an individual that has done something wrong—with immigration, it means that the illegals become legal

Miscegenation: when people from different races marry

Inherent: born with

Inalienable: that may not be taken away

Naturalized: given the rights of citizenship

Irony: the opposite of what is to be expected

Exclusion: act of excluding or not including

Nativist: favoring native-born Americans over foreign-born

Literacy: the act of being able to read

Communism: a form of government where there is no private ownership of property, businesses, etc.

Red Scare: Americans were afraid that Communist countries would try to take over America.

Annual: yearly

Quota: the number that is allowed

Heathen: uncivilized or un-Christian person

Assimilation: the act of becoming like another group



Stereotype: an idea about a person based on looks, gender, etc. and not based on the actual person

Jim Crow Laws: Laws in the south until 1960s that kept blacks separate from whites
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