Why would people in Europe need to be multilingual, more than American?
People in Europe need to be more multilingual than Americans because Europe consists of many small countries that speak many different languages originating from language families (mostly Indo-European language) compared to America which prominently speaks one language, English.
Review all the different types of economic and political system Ch. 4. (P86-90)
Traditional Economy - a system in which tradition and custom control all economic activity; exists in only a few parts of the world today
Market Economy - an economic system based on free enterprise, in which businesses are privately owned, and production and prices are determined by supply and demand
Command Economy - economic system in which economic decisions about production and distribution are made by some central authority
Autocracy - government in which a single individual possesses the power and authority to rule
Oligarchy - system of government in which a small group holds power
Review the conflict between the Chechen nationalist and the Russian Government. What conclusion could you draw from this conflict. (P373)
The conflict will continue until a full agreement can be made between the groups. Russia claimed control over the Chechnya territory despite their declare of independence. Warfare and violence has continues and it had drained economic development funds from the rest of Russia.
Define cultural convergence.
Cultural convergence –the tendency for cultures to become more alike as they increasingly share technology and organizational structures in a modern world united by improved transportation and communication
European businesses have found trade between countries easier in the past decade for two reasons: a reduction of tariffs and ______________.
Know about the Chernobyl disaster. When did it happen, what happened, etc.(P398-399)
What: Fire in nuclear reactor releasing tons of radioactive particles into the local environment; many people were exposed to deadly levels of radiation
Know what S.S.R. stands for.
Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR: Union of ")
Understand what helps make trade possible and what the number one way we trade today is. (P163?)
Low tariffs, ways of transporting goods, access to sea
Number one way: By water (shipping)
What happened to the Aral Sea?
Has gone from fourth -largest body of inland water to separate smaller lakes because of having water diverted from feeder rivers to irrigate cropland: changed destroyed sea's fishing industries, dust storms spread disease
Read Yugoslavia: Then and Now pg. 292 & 293.
A minaret in Miass, Russia is an example of which phenomenon? Colonization, ethnocentrism, cultural diffusion. *define Minaret Google an image of a minaret.
Minaret - a tall slender tower, typically part of a mosque, with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer.
Define landlocked, how can this have an impact on human migration?
Landlocked - country almost or entirely surrounded by land; having no coastline or seaport.
Population Pyramid - (age gender pyramid) graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population
Information:the rate of growth of the population (larger base [more kids and babies] population grow explosively; more rectangle is more of stable); what the population distribution will look to some degree
Google images of Cuban refugees, they are willing to make boats out of anything to get to the USA, what pull factors does the USA have, that would explain why they would do that.
USA Pull Factors: Personal Freedom (Religious, Freedom from Communism, Speech), Economic opportunities
What will most likely happen if we continue to use fossil fuels at the current rate?
We will eventually run out of fossil fuels and pollution will increase.
Review altitudinal zonation: tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fria, tierra helada. (P203)
Tierra Templada -
Tierra Fria -
Tierra Helada -
Define Terrace farming.
Terrance farming - a piece of sloped plane that has been cut into series of successively receding flat surfaces or platforms. which resemble steps for effective farming
What group of people colonized the Americas?
Define GDP and GDP per capita.
GDP- (Gross Domestic Product) the value of goods and services created within a country in a year
GDP per capita - an approximation of the value of goods produced per person in the country, equal to the country's GDP divided by the total number of people in the country (an indicator of the standard of living in an economy ;measures the relative wealth of a nation)
Describe the everyday life for most people in Central America.
When did most countries in South America begin to gain independence?
Brazilian favelas expanded rapidly in the 1970s, what was the reason for this? *4 Real City of God video and notes.
The Mayans are most famous for being able to _______________.
develop accurate calendars and used astronomical observations to predict solar eclipses; skilled in mathematics
Where do most people around the world live? *you live along one.
Bodies of water (rivers, coasts)
Africans first came to Latin America as?
Latin America includes Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean, and South America. Although these regions are unique, there are some characteristics that make Latin America a region. List 5 reasons based on human and physical geography, which make Latin America a region. Write in well thought out complete sentences! *think perceptual, formal, and functional! This is part of the six elements of geography.
How do geographers divide the earth? Describe the grid system, and explain its significant features, including the Equator and tropic lines, and the Prime Meridian. *This info is in the geography skills handbook pg. 1-14 also Ch. 1 sec 1