Uks2 Topic: Invaders And Settlers: Anglo-Saxons Block F: Kings And Laws

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UKS2 Topic: Invaders And Settlers: Anglo-Saxons Block F: Kings And Laws

Learn about important Anglo-Saxon Kings, especially King Ethelbert, King Offa and King Alfred. Gain a deeper understanding of the timeline of events of the later kings. Learn about the system of law and order and the class system. Bring historical learning to life with online games and research, role-play, design activities and cooking.

Block F: Kings and Laws
[6 sessions]

Main outcome: History

Other outcomes: English, Art and D&T

By the end of this block you will have achieved the following outcomes:

  • Understand how people’s lives have shaped Britain.

  • Understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, and cause and consequence.

  • Gain historical perspective by understanding the connections between local and national history, between cultural, military and social history, and between short- and long-term timescales.

  • Understand how Britain has been influenced by the wider world.

  • Participate in role play and improvisations.

  • In non-narrative material, use simple organisational devices.

  • Retrieve and record information from non-fiction.

  • Improve their mastery of art and design techniques, including drawing.

  • Select from and use a range of equipment to perform practical tasks.

  • Select from and use a wide range of materials, including ingredients.

  • Prepare and cook a variety of dishes using a range of cooking techniques.

  • Know where and how a variety of ingredients are grown.

Session 1: History and English

Anglo-Saxon Society

Children will describe the different social groups in Anglo-Saxon society, use role-play to empathise with these groups, and compare the Anglo-Saxon way of life with today.

Children will:

  • Empathise with the different classes in Anglo-Saxon society.

  • Compare Anglo-Saxon society with today’s way of life.

  • Improvise in role as a particular member of Anglo-Saxon society.

  • Write about the daily life of a member of a particular Anglo-Saxon class.

Session 2: History and English

Sutton Hoo

Children will explain the importance of the Sutton Hoo excavations and learn what the finds tell us about the people of the time.

Children will:

  • Appreciate the importance of the archaeological finds at Sutton Hoo.

  • Discuss what the items buried in the grave tell us about the person.

  • Create a captioned diagram and description of a Sutton Hoo burial artefact.

  • Write a newspaper article about the Sutton Hoo site and visitor centre.

Session 3: History, English and Art

Who Was Offa?

Children will learn about King Offa of Mercia, his dyke and his coinage. They will retell the story of the founding of Hereford Cathedral.

Children will:

  • Find out about King Offa of Mercia, a powerful Anglo-Saxon King.

  • Appreciate that the major earthwork that he built can still be seen today.

  • Write a comic-strip story about King Ethelbert and Hereford Cathedral.

  • Draw a comic strip about Hereford Cathedral with no anachronisms.

  • Design a coin similar to those used during King Offa’s reign.

Session 4: History and English

Crime And Punishment

Children will describe the Anglo-Saxon justice system and use role-play to develop and show empathy for the system of justice.

Children will:

  • Understand the Anglo-Saxon system of recompense, called ‘wergild’.

  • Describe the types of punishment that were given to criminals

  • Know that trial by jury was introduced to Britain during Anglo-Saxon times.

  • Use role play to understand the Anglo-Saxon system of law and order.

Session 5: History and D&T

King Alfred the Great

Children will learn why Alfred was ‘Great’, describe what the Danegeld was, and make cakes or bread (without burning them!)

Children will:

  • Understand that the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons repeatedly fought each other to rule over various parts of Britain during the 9th and 10th centuries.

  • Understand how Danegeld was raised and why it was paid.

  • Find out about the life of King Alfred the Great.

  • Make cakes or bread (without burning them!).

Session 6: History and English

Later Anglo-Saxon Kings

Children will describe the last few Anglo-Saxon Kings of England and learn about the Domesday Book.

Children will:

  • Find out about Ethelred the Unready, Canute and Edward the Confessor.

  • Understand why the survey for the Domesday Book was ordered.

  • Research information about and in the Domesday Book.

Session 1

Provided: Scenarios For Improvisation.

You will need: Anglo-Saxon costumes (optional); A digital camera.
Session 2


You will need:
Session 3

Provided: Map of Offa’s Dyke; Offa’s coins; Coin design template; Comic strip templates.

You will need:
Session 4

Provided: Wergeld; Crime cards; Oath helpers cards & yes/no Cards; Ordeal cards; Money cards; Anglo-Saxon moot game rules.

You will need: Thin card; A laminator.
Session 5

Provided: Dane-Geld Poem; Danegeld Runestones; Alfred the Great’s ‘Londinia’ Coin; King Alfred’s


You will need: Weighing scales; Saucepan; Large bowl; Wooden spoon; Baking tray; Wire cooling rack; 250g oats; 125g unsalted butter (plus extra for greasing); 50g chopped dried apples; 4 large tbsps runny honey; 1 level tsp ground cinnamon.
Session 6

Provided: The Last Anglo-Saxon Kings sheet; Page from the Domesday Book; The survey for the

Domesday Book.

You will need: Weighing scales; Saucepan; Large bowl; Wooden spoon; Baking tray; Wire cooling rack;

250g oats; 125g unsalted butter (plus extra for greasing); 50g chopped dried apples; 4 large tbsps runny

honey; 1 level tsp ground cinnamon.

© Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users.

The links to the websites and the contents of the web pages associated with such links specified on this list (hereafter collectively referred to as the ‘Links’) have been checked by Hamilton Trust (being the operating name of the registered charity, William Rowan Hamilton Trust) and to the best of Hamilton Trust’s knowledge, are correct and accurate at the time of publication. Notwithstanding the foregoing or any other terms and conditions on the Hamilton Trust website, you acknowledge that Hamilton Trust has no control over such Links and indeed, the owners of such Links may have removed such Links, changed such Links and/or contents associated with such Links. Therefore, it is your sole responsibility to verify any of the Links which you wish you use. Hamilton Trust excludes all responsibility and liability for any loss or damage arising from the use of any Links.

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