U. S. Mobilization and the Battle of the Atlantic – (1941 – 1945) Mobilization: Define



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Name ______________________
Modern U.S. History

Mr. Kraft
World War II (WWII)

U.S. Mobilization and the Battle of the Atlantic – (1941 – 1945)
Mobilization:


  1. Define: mobilization –




  1. What became the focus of the U.S. economy after the U.S. entered WWII?



  1. How big was the U.S. workforce during WWII?



  1. Explain the role of the War Productions Board (WPB) during WWII?



  1. Explain the role of the Office of Price Administration (OPA) during WWII?



  1. What are rations and what is their purpose?



WWII Military Organization:


  1. Who was the overall commander of the U.S. military? __________________________




  1. Who was the commander of the U.S. military in Europe? ________________________




  1. Who was the commander of the U.S. military in the Pacific? _______________________

  • Who commanded the U.S. navy in the Pacific? _______________________

  • Who commanded the U.S. army in the Pacific? _______________________




  1. Explain the “Europe 1st Policy” that the U.S. military used?



  1. For the majority of WWII what country fought Japan almost completely by themselves? ____________________




  1. How did the U.S. fund their military that fought in WWII? _______________________

  • How do war bonds work?



Battle of the Atlantic (1940 – 1945):


  1. What years are considered to be the years that the fighting was at its worst or height in the Battle of the Atlantic? _______________________




  1. Battle Goals:

  • Axis Powers (Germany) –




  • Allied Powers (U.S. and U.K.) –




  1. What device did the German navy used to communicate during the Battle of the Atlantic? __________________________________

  • What was the advantage of this device?



  • What other branch of the German military also used this device? _________________



  • What is the only way messages sent using this device can be read?



  1. What is U.K. “ultra”? ______________________________________________________

  • What is “intelligence” as it applies to government and military?



  • What is “counter-intelligence as it applies to government and military?



  1. What year was considered the “Dark Year” for the U.S. during the Battle of the Atlantic?



  1. Why did the U.S. not use the U.K.’s ultra at the beginning of the Battle of the Atlantic?



  1. Where in the Atlantic Ocean were U.S. submarines in the most danger? Why?



  1. What year did the U.S. start to get supplies across the Atlantic Ocean most effectively?



  1. When the U.S. finally crossed the Atlantic Ocean, where are the two places they landed?







  1. What two countries mainly made-up the Allied forces of WWII?






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