U. S. History Review for the final exam • Test date: Monday, 12/14, 9: 00 to 11: 00 a m. Page of The rows are color-coded by unit. If you choose to print this, I recommend that you change the table shading to no fi



Download 87.55 Kb.
Date conversion29.04.2016
Size87.55 Kb.

U.S. History – Review for the final exam • Test date: Monday, 12/14, 9:00 to 11:00 a.m. Page of


The rows are color-coded by unit. If you choose to print this, I recommend that you change the table shading to “no fill color.”
These questions are drawn from earlier tests. In some cases, it might be unclear what is being asked. For example, the first four are “true-false” questions. Use the content to guide your studying, and don’t be overly concerned about the format.


Unit

#

Question

Answer

1

1

There are three different Indian tribes.

false

1

2

There is no single Indian language.

true

1

3

Indians turned wild plants, like corn, into farm crops.

true

1

4

Indians mined many minerals, like lead.

true

1

5

Name one general way that Indian tribes were different from each other.

Language:

Location—domestic/nomadic

Aggression—war/peace

Rulers—men/women

Housing—wigwams, hogans, igloos, tepees, longhouses

Getting Food--hunting and fishing/farming

Decision-making—consensus/one leader

• Totem poles—some yes/some no



2

6

Which European group was the last to arrive in North America?

English

2

7

What was the first permanent British settlement?

Jamestown

2

8

What does “New Spain” refer to?

Spanish-controlled territories in North America

2

9

What is a reason that historians give to explain the success of English colonies?

Unlike other countries’ colonies, the English colonies leadership included involvement of regular people.

2

10

What is the name for English citizens who exchanged 4-7 years of work for passage to the New World?

indentured servants

2

11

Why is the Virginia House of Burgesses important?

They inspired the rest of the colonies to demand their own decision-making groups.

2

12

Describe what happened when the Spanish Armada entered the English Channel in 1588.

England

Queen Elizabeth I

fewer ships

continue piracy plans

faster ships

could steer and turn easily

storm helped English

marks the point when England’s N. American colonization begins and grows


Spain

King Philip II

130 ships of the Spanish Armada (“navy”)

thought to be invincible

end English piracy

in English Channel

fewer than 65 ships survived

marks the point when Spain’s dominance began to decline



2

13

Provide facts about Chief Powhatan’s relationship with the English.

suspicious of English settlers (and all settlers) – moving into his territory

friendly with English settlers – they seemed harmless; they had guns and gunpowder

getting guns of his own would give him an advantage vs. other tribes

helped English survive first few years

ordered attack on English after colonists stole from his food supplies

war lasted for years; both sides were brutal; eventually worked out an agreement

his daughter was Pocahontas; she married Jamestown settler John Rolfe; traveled to England and died; Powhatan died a short while later

More fighting

Powhatan's brother (Opechancanough) resumed war that lasted around 23 years; he was captured and executed.

English victory forced the tribes to give up land and give in to English authority.


3

14

What’s another name for followers of the Church of England?

Anglicans.

3

15

Which group was called the Separatists in England—the Pilgrims? or the Puritans? Why?

The Pilgrims.

They wanted to separate from the Anglican Church.



3

16

Which group wanted to “clean” the Church of England and make it more pure—the Pilgrims? or the Puritans?

The Puritans.

3

17

Which group was intimidated by representatives of the king—the Pilgrims? or the Puritans?

Both!

3

18

Because of their relationship with English society, what did the Pilgrims and Puritans decide to do?

Move to the New World.

3

19

In addition to Separatists, what three other groups traveled on the Mayflower?

immigrants, adventurers, and speculators

3

20

What document put in writing the Pilgrims’ decision to rule themselves?

The Mayflower Compact

3

21

What is a long-term effect of the Pilgrims’ decision?

It set up a tradition of self-rule.

Later, New England was full of democratic town meetings and elected legislatures.



3

22

Who made many of the most important decisions in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

members of the clergy (ministers) even though they were not allowed to hold political offices (like governor or members of the legislature)

3

23

What two ideas did Roger Williams believe that Puritan leaders considered dangerous?

(1) separation of church and state  religious freedom

(2) taking Indian lands without paying is unfair



3

24

What did Roger Williams do after being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony?

He founded Rhode Island, a colony with complete religious freedom.

3

25

Why were literacy rates high in New England? Best answer: give two reasons

Mass. law forced tax-supported schools for communities with 50+ families. Reading the Bible was very important to them.

3

26

Give an example of a Puritan punishment.

• Children could be executed for cursing parents

• Those that missed church regularly were fined

• Old men who fell asleep in church were tickled with feathers

• Children who giggled or slept in church were struck with a wooden knob

• Some people of differing faiths were hanged

• Adulterers were forced to wear a scarlet “A” and at least two were executed

• Public whippings

• Sitting in the stockade while others spat or laughed



3

27

Give an example of how Puritans had fun.

celebrations

• festivals

• singing

• story-telling

• game-playing (children with parents’ permission)

• drinking wine and beer



3

28

What was the Puritans’ fundamental rule?

to follow God’s law

3

29

What did the Connecticut colony do that became a model for other colonial charters?

wrote the first Constitution in western hemisphere (elected governor, two-house legislature)

3

30

What were Blue Laws? (use the text definition)

laws based on scripture

3

31

Name one event that convinced citizens that the Devil was in Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692.

Girls falling to the floor

• Girls screaming

• Girls barking like a dog

• Strange dances in the woods



3

32

What is a likely reason that the panic about witches declined?

The governor of the colony ended the trials when his wife was accused of witchcraft.

3

33

Give one reason—other than witchcraft—that might explain the unusual behavior.

• Indian attacks

• frustration about hard-to-get land

• smallpox

• harsh winters

• girls’ imaginations  extra attention


4

34

What European power first settled the land now known as New York?

the Dutch; also known as people of the Netherlands

4

35

Why did The Dutch West India Company found the colony of New Netherland?

to make money from the fur trade

4

36

What did the Dutch West India Company do that is morally wrong?

They were a leader of buying and using slaves.

4

37

What happened to New Netherland when Charles II became the king?

New Netherland became New York when the English king and citizens wanted the land. The English army was too big for the Dutch, and they surrendered.

4

38

What is the meaning of “Philadelphia”?
The city of ___ ____.

brotherly love

4

39

What was a result of William Penn’s offer of a place with religious tolerance?

People of many different faiths came to Philadelphia/ Pennsylvania.

4

40

What was the first capital of the United States?

Philadelphia

4

41

Provide one example of how the Dutch made a lasting impact on the area and/or in the culture.

• bowling

• skating

• Christmas: Santa Claus

• Easter: eggs

• Neighborhood name: Harlem

• Neighborhood name: Brooklyn



4

42

Give ONE example of what Quakers would NOT do since they are pacifists.

(1) not fight in England’s wars

(2) not pay taxes that fund military missions



4

43

Name at least two of the three colonies where Quakers lived.

(1) Pennsylvania

(2) New Jersey



(3) Delaware

5-6

44

Georgia separated the Carolinas from potential conflict with the Spanish and the French, so it was used as a what?

A buffer zone

5-6

45

How was life expectancy different in the Southern colonies contrasted with the New England colonies?

It was lower; health was not as good (malaria, yellow fever).

5-6

46

How was the labor force different in the Southern colonies contrasted with the New England colonies?

It was bigger; there were slaves and indentured servants in both colony groups but in they were the main strength of the Southern economy

5-6

47

What did indentured servants receive in exchange for about five years of service to a planter?

a free trip from England to North America, a written contract, room & board, and freedom dues

5-6

48

What is one problem that indentured servants faced?

most indentured servants died before completing their contracts

5-6

49

What happened as a result of Bacon’s Rebellion?

Planters started using more African slaves instead of indentured servants

5-6

50

When was Georgia created?

in 1733, 126 years after Jamestown was successfully planted; it was the last to be created.

5-6

51

Who was the Enlightenment thinker who founded Georgia?

James Oglethorpe

5-6

52

Why was Georgia’s plan a failure?

Citizens could not buy or sell land, so they felt trapped.

5-6

53

For whom did St. Elizabeth Ann Seton provide schools?

females AND/OR

the poor, for free



5-6

54

What did the colonization of the Americas bring together for the first time?

Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans

5-6

55

What is manumission?

a slave owner willingly setting a slave free

5-6

56

How did the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade ruin West African life?

the Diaspora [the scattering of people from their homeland] of Africans started

5-6

57

What does the “middle passage” refer to?


The voyage that brought slaves from West Africa to the West Indies (Caribbean islands).

5-6

58

According to the text, how many years did the slave trade last?

350 years

5-6

59

Why did Georgia change from banning slavery to allowing it?

Its Enlightenment-inspired experiment failed; slaves replaced indentured servants as the southern labor force.

5-6

60

Which colonies had slaves?

northern, middle, and southern

5-6

61

Name two ways that indentured servants or slaves could become free.

(1) Indentured servants who finished their contract periods were free.

(2) Skilled slaves could earn money and buy their freedom (early days only).

(3) Escape

(4) Manumission



5-6

62

Why did colonies enact slave codes?

fear of a slave rebellion

5-6

63

What were slave codes?

a series of laws restricting slaves' behaviors

5-6

64

Name three things that slaves could not do because of slave codes.

Slaves couldn’t…

(1) own property

(2) gather without a white person

(3) testify against a white person in court

(4) serve on juries

(5) legally learn to read or write



(6) legally get married

7

65

How did the Great Awakening lead to more religious toleration? (7b)

It created new denominations, so no single religion could dominate.

7

66

In the 1770s, what was the percentage of colonists from England? (7f)

less than 66

7

67

In the 1770s, what was the percentage of colonists who were of African ancestry? (7f)

almost 20

7

68

What is another name for the Enlightenment? (7a)

The Age of Reason

7

69

What is the name given to the religious revival that moved through the colonies in the 1730s? (7b)

The Great Awakening

7

70

What is the name of the 17th and 18th century economic philosophy in which colonies existed to make the mother country more wealthy? (7d)

mercantilism

7

71

What word means “a legal term for publishing information opposed to the government, whether it is true or false”? (7c)

libel (in the 18th century)

7

72

When the king tried to make the colonies trade only with England, what did colonists do in response? (7d)

smuggled

7

73

Which group of non-English settlers were called the “Pennsyvlania Dutch”? (7f)

people from Germany


7

74

Who wrote that, if a government did not protect people’s natural rights, then the people have the right to change the government? (7a)

John Locke

7

75

Name six ways that colonists moved toward independence between 1763 and 1776.

(1) The European Enlightenment encouraged thoughts of liberty and progress [7a]

(2) The Great Awakening established equality between religious leaders and congregations [7b]

(3) Freedom of the press (esp. newspapers) promoted by Zenger [7c]

(4) Smugglers ignored English laws [7d]

(5) Rebellions occurred in many colonies [7e]

(6) Colonists from other countries arrived and were not loyal to England [7f]



7

76

Name two ways that Enlightenment ideas showed up in writing in North America.

(1) Declaration of Independence

(2) U.S. Constitution



(3) Benjamin Franklin’s writing

7

77

Why does it matter that colonists improved their ability to avoid the British navy?

They used the same skills during the Revolutionary War.

7

78

Who was Peter Zenger?

a newspaper publisher accused of libel and ultimately found not guilty; helped establish the idea of a free press

8

79

What group moved through the rough back woods to evangelize Native Americans?

French Jesuit missionaries

8

80

The French and Indian War was fought primarily to gain control of what?

the Ohio River Valley

8

81

The French and Indian War went by what name in Europe?

the Seven Years’ War

8

82

According to the Treaty of Paris (1763), what happened to the Ohio River Valley?

the British received it

8

83

According to the Treaty of Paris (1763), what happened to the port of New Orleans and the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi?

the Spanish received it

8

84

What did the Americans learn from their experience in the French and Indian War?

They learned that they could work together to defeat a common enemy.

8

85

How did England’s debt from its wars lead to the American Revolution?

England tried to raised money by taxing Americans; colonists thought most of the taxes were unfair.

8

86

What role did France play during the American Revolution? Why?

France provided direct aid to the colonists to get back at Britain for beating them in past wars.

8

87

Provide at least one detail about John de Brébeuf and Isaac Jogues.

• Brebeuf wrote the first American Christmas carol in the language of the Huron.

• After his first capture, Isaac Jogues returned to Paris but then traveled back to North America

• They preached the gospel to the Iroquois and Huron Indians.

• They were tortured and martyred in Auriesville, New York.

• Their feast day is Oct. 19.


8

88

Give one example of a French cultural contribution in the modern United States.

(1) Cajun and Creole food

(2) Cities: Des Moines, Detroit, St. Louis, New Orleans



9

89

It was designed in part to prevent more conflicts between English colonists and French settlers.

Royal Proclamation of 1763

9

90

Every newspaper, pamphlet, and other public and legal document had to have a British seal stamped on it.

The Stamp Act

9

91

Five American colonists were shot by British troops on March 5, 1770.

The Boston Massacre

9

92

It prevented colonists from settling in the Ohio River Valley.

Royal Proclamation of 1763

9

93

Named for the British Chancellor of the Exchequer (the Treasurer).

Townshend Acts

9

94

The Appalachian Mountains were designated as a western boundary.

Royal Proclamation of 1763

9

95

The Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawks and boarded three British ships.

The Boston Tea Party

9

96

It was designed in part to prevent more conflicts between English colonists and aggressive Indians, including Pontiac.

Royal Proclamation of 1763

9

97

Who defended British soldiers in the trial after the Boston Massacre?

John Adams

9

98

Who is perhaps best known for his famous signature?

John Hancock

9

99

Who was also an artist and made an engraving of the Boston Massacre that was used as Revolutionary propaganda?

Paul Revere

9

100

Whose famous midnight ride warned of the advancing British troops?

Paul Revere

9

101

What does “No taxation without representation” mean?

Colonists rejected taxes because they did not have representatives in Parliament to speak for them.

9

102

What was the Quartering Act all about?

housing British soldiers

9

103

What does boycott mean?

Not purchasing items as a way of protest

10

104

Who were the Sons and Daughters of Liberty?

Rebels who opposed the British empire

10

105

Give one reason why some colonists wanted to stay dependent on Britain.

hard to cut ties

supposed to love Eng.

avoid mob rule (Irish)

col. were prosperous



10

106

Name one of Thomas Paine’s ideas that he wrote about in Common Sense.

create a republic

little Brit. can’t rule big Amer.



10

107

What three groups were the target audience of the Declaration of Independence?

(1) patriots (2) Brit. sympathizers (3) foreign aid

10

108

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

10

109

The signers of the Declaration of Independence took a risk by signing it. What were the two possible outcomes?

(1) hailed as heroes

(2) hanged as traitors



11

110

Approximately how many colonists were loyal to the king and Great Britain?

about 20%

11

111

Approximately how many colonists were opposed to any kind of conflict?

about 50%

11

112

What was one of the hardships faced by colonists on the home front?

bad economy

plundering by soldiers

dislocation


11

113

In some ways, the Revolution improved the status of women. What is one example of something women did during the war that they did not usually do?

took men’s roles

spied


kept things operational

11

114

What is the name of perhaps the most famous American patriot who became a British spy?

Benedict Arnold

12

115

Why did Americans begin to feel that “their fight for liberty was a global fight”?

Future democracies would model their governments on ours.

12

116

When was the importation of slaves banned?

1807

12

117

What one document was created by representatives from all the colonies?

The Articles of Confederation

12

118

How did many state constitutions discourage people from running for office just to get and have power?

They gave governors weak powers on purpose.

12

119

How did many state constitutions give voters a way to replace judges and legislators if they did not perform acceptably?

They provided for regular elections for judges and legislators.

12

120

How did many state constitutions protect people from oppression and cruelty?

They included a Bill of Rights.

12

121

Why did many state constitutions lower the requirements about property ownership?

To include more people in the voting process.

12

122

What idea did Enlightened thinkers reject?

the moral superiority of men

12

123

Provide three details about the founding of the world’s first anti-slavery society.

founded:

in 1775


by Quakers

in Philadelphia



12

124

What are two ways that slaves were freed during the Revolution?

(1) British army freed slaves in the South

(2) Slaves in the North granted freedom in exchange for fighting for American patriots



12

125

What was a big difference between English law and new American laws about holding land?

In England, land had to be passed from father to oldest son; America had no laws about this.

12

126

What did Enlightened thinkers believe about how to have a successful republic?

Citizens had to be upright, moral, honest, and educated.


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page