U. S. History First Semester Exam Review



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U.S. History First Semester Exam Review


  1. First Six Weeks—Review of U.S. History 1607 to 1877, Manifest Destiny and the American West, Celebrating American Democracy and Freedom

  2. Second Six Weeks— Celebrating American Democracy and Freedom, The Gilded Age, The Progressive Era

  3. Third Six Weeks--Populism, Imperialism, World War I


Sample Questions—Part I

  1. What document was issued on July 4, 1776? _________________

  2. The U.S had a revolution against this country when we declared our independence: ______________

  3. How many original colonies became our first states? ____________

  4. How many stars are on the American flag? ___________ How many stripes?____________

  5. Which president was the Father of our Country? ___________________

  6. Which President freed the slaves during the Civil War?________________

  7. Define manifest destiny: _________________

  8. Sort the terms and ideas under the Western topics:


Farmers Cattlemen Indians Mining Railroads

Soddies, cattle trails, ghost towns, railheads, reservations, Little Big Horn, Homestead Act, barbed wire, Wounded Knee, buffalo, Promontory Point, Virginia City, Irish and Chinese labor, nomadic, Dawes Act, wanted statehood




  1. Where did women first get the vote in the West? _______________

  2. Who wrote the thesis saying that the Western experience defines the American character? _____________

  3. Who declared the frontier closed in 1890?________________ Why?_____________________

  4. List 10 Western states: _____________________________________________________________________


Sample Questions—Part II

  1. Match the terms:

Federalism a)each branch of government has its own distinct power

Republic b)each branch of government can check or curb the power of other branches

Separation of powers c)states share power with a strong central government

Checks and balances d)a democracy uses representation of elected officials




  1. Match the branches of government:

Legislative a)interpret the law/courts

Executive b)writes the law/Congress

Judicial c)enforces the law/President


  1. Match the documents:

a)Declaration of Independence a)our “birth certificate”—declared ourselves free from England

b)Articles of Confederation b)described our rights—first ten amendments to the Constitution

c)Constitution c)our plan of government with seven articles and 27 amendments

d)Bill of Rights d)our first weak plan of government before the Constitution




  1. Match the political ideas:

Radical a)traditional and slow to change

Liberal b)wants immediate and violent change

Moderate c)supports change and reform

Conservative d)middle road and cautious

Reactionary e)resists change, often violently


  1. Match Alexis De Tocqueville’e five values needed for a successful constitutional republic:

Liberty a)each person has value

Egalitarianism b)each person is equal

Individualism c)the people’s voices must be heard

Laissez-faire d)freedom for all

Populism e)the government should not interfere with the rights of the people


  1. Match the Gilded Age terms:

Gilded Age a)period of industrialization, immigration, urbanization, political corruption

Assembly Line b)total control of a business or industry by a trust

Social Darwinism c)political organization used to win elections, often with corrupt ways

Gospel of Wealth d)economic “survival of the fittest”

Captains of Industry/Robber Barons e)based on the Christian values of helping the less fortunate

Monopoly f)anti-immigrant attitude of fear and hate

Nativism g)free enterprise—economic system of the U.S.

Laissez-faire h)“hands off” the economy—little or no government regulation

Ellis Island i)millionaires like Carnegie and Rockefeller

Melting Pot j)Welcome Center for immigrants—near Statue of Liberty in NY Harbor

Capitalism k)a blending of immigrants in the U.S. creating a typical American

Political machine l)efficient method of production using a conveyor belt




  1. The Bessemer Process led to the: a)Age of Steel b)Manifest Destiny c)Progressive Era

  2. Most immigrants in the late 19th century came to the U.S. from a)Western Europe b)Southern and Eastern Europe c)Asia

  3. The Progressive Era was a period of: a)reform b)muckraking c)yellow journalism d)all of these




  1. Match the Progressives and issues:

T. Roosevelt a)meat and food production

Upton Sinclair b)labor unions

Eugene Debs c)trust busting
Susan B. Anthony a)suffrage and women’s rights

W.E.B. DuBois b)Civil Rights—education

Booker T. Washington c)founder of NAACP

Jane Addams d)social worker and founder of Hull House for immigrants


Hearst and Pulitzer a)yellow journalism

William Jennings Bryan b)Populist Pacifist Democratic candidate for President

Henry Ford c)muckraker who exposed lynching issue in the South

Ida Wells d)automobile production industrialist—practiced corporate welfare




  1. Match the constitutional changes:

13th Amendment a)Freedom for slaves

14th Amendment b)Vote for former male slaves

15th Amendment c)Citizenship for former slaves

16th Amendment d)Senators elected by states

17th Amendment e)Prohibition against alcohol

18th Amendment f)Women’s suffrage (vote/enfranchisement)

19th Amendment g)Income tax


  1. Match the Progressive ideas:

Eugenics a)journalists who expose the “dirt” in society

Populism b)Farmers movement against the gold standard—Third Party

Muckrakers c)scientific racism looking for “good genes”
Civil Rights a)efforts to end political corruption after the assassination of President Garfield

Civil Service Reform b)effort to end Jim Crow segregation and achieve full equality of the races



Initiatives and Referendums c)issues voted upon in elections

  1. In a setback for Civil Rights, the Supreme Court ruled in the case, Plessy v. Ferguson that races could be “______________ _____ ______________.”



Sample Questions—Part III


  1. The U.S. moved from an isolationist country to a world power when we acquired outside territories. We call this the Age of __________________________________.

  2. What war in 1898 was called a “splendid little war” and brought the U.S. an empire? _____________________________

  3. Name American possessions in the Pacific by 1900: ________________________________________________

  4. Name American possessions in the Caribbean by 1900: _________________________________

  5. Who was president during the Spanish-American War (later assassinated)? ____________________________

  6. Who was the rough rider and war hero who later built the Panama Canal? _____________________________

  7. What was Teddy Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy? ______________________________

  8. Define Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy: ________________________________________________

  9. What is America’s Great White Fleet? ___________________________

  10. Admiral Mahan wrote a book that said if the U.S. wanted an empire, it must build a great ________________.

  11. Why did the U.S. go to war against Spain? _____________________________

  12. What Pacific territory fought the U.S. for several years? __________________________

  13. Name the man who overthrew the government of Hawaii for the U.S. to gain it as a territory. ____________________

  14. Were these parties for or against imperialism? Republicans ______________ Democrats ______________




  1. List the parties for the following presidents:

McKinley __________________T. Roosevelt _______________Taft__________________Wilson__________________


  1. Which of the above presidents ran as a Third Party Progressive Candidate in 1912? ___________________

  2. Which president was most progressive and an idealist in domestic and foreign policy? ________________

  3. Name 5 causes of World War I: ______________ ______________ ________________ ______________ _____________

  4. Name 3 causes for U.S. involvement in WWI: ___________________ _________________ ________________

  5. Name 5 new weapons in World War I: _________________ _____________________ ______________________

  6. How did technology influence World War I? _____________________________________________

  7. Wilson’s Fourteen Points influenced the Treaty of _______________________________.

  8. What was the League of Nations? _________________________________

  9. Henry Cabot Lodge led the fight against Americans signing the Treaty of Versailles. Did we sign it? __________Did the U.S. join the League of Nations? ________________Why or why not? _____________________

  10. African Americans experienced a Great Migration during World War I. This meant they moved from ______ to _______ to work in American factories.

  11. Propaganda was used during WWI. What is propaganda?__________________________

  12. What did the Selective Service Act do? ____________________

  13. On November 11, 1918, the armistice was signed. What is an armistice? ________________________

  14. How did the Treaty of Versailles lead to World War II? _________________________




  1. Match the following on WWI:

Pershing a)leader of Germany

Wilson b)American President

Kaisar Wilhelm c)General of the American Expeditionary Forces
Senator Lodge a)Communist leader of Russia/USSR

Czar Nicholas b)leader of Russia who abdicated

Lenin c)American Senator who led the defeat of the Treaty of Versailles
Doughboys a)led to shell shock and disillusionment

Uncle Sam b)used for recruitment and propaganda

Trench Warfare c)American soldiers who served in Europe “Over There”
Stalemate a)battle and turning point in war

Argonne b)lack of advancement for either side



Armistice c)ceasefire—the war was over


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