America’s Role on the International Stage
Complete the InQuizitive exercises for Chapter 18 as you work through this outline.
For each of the assignments in on this topic, do not attempt to memorize the facts of the historical events discussed, but rather focus on the “lessons learned” from each occurrence: how these events would instruct and affect future U.S. foreign policy decisions.
Pre-Cold War Foreign Policy
Rise to global power (1866-1913)
Research the role that alliances played in the outbreak and execution of World War I (the graphic is especially good). How might this event affect the future of U.S. foreign policy?
World War I (1914-1920)
Professed neutrality and eventual involvement
World War II (1937-1945)
Read the linked article on the Yalta Conference. What are reparations and occupation?
Emergence as a superpower (1946-)
Decimation of the Axis powers
The Cold War
The Truman Doctrine
What was the Marshall Plan? What was our motivation behind implementing it?
Read this linked overview of NATO and the Warsaw Pact. Why were these two alliances formed, and who were the members of these?
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The Warsaw Pact
The Korean War
The U.S. and U.N. provide troops
Read the linked article about NSC-68. Revealed in the last paragraph the last paragraph, what motivated the U.S. to accept the recommendations of NSC-68?
Stalemate until the Cuban Missile Crisis
Although skirmishes existed, national borders were stabilized
Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD)
The Vietnam Conflict
Skim the article below for definitions of détente and rapprochement. Be prepared to describe both:
This linked article summarizes the effect that U.S. involvement in Vietnam had on our future foreign policy. Which were the most important?
Soviet retreat from world politics
Soviets engage in market and democratic reforms:
Below is a description of the fall of the Soviet Union, brought on by Mikhail Gorbachev’s reforms. How do these events affect our view of freedom and human nature?
Eastern Europe independence
The Lone Superpower
The relative power of the U.S. military
Other countries’ armed forces
A GDP of $16,800,000,000,000
Problems of the New Order
New security issues
The Pacific Rim
The developing world
Certain regional conflicts require attention
The Israeli-Palestinian conflict
India and Pakistan are of particular interest
Compare and contrast the foreign policy perspectives of realism and idealism:
Realism vs. idealism
Read a description of the “Bush Doctrine” on page 739 in We the People for its description of preemptive action.
Unilateralism vs. multilateralism
The European Union (EU)
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
Trade and American prosperity
The article below is a good discourse on the trade policy of protectionism. Be able to define the practice and list some advantages and disadvantages it may bring:
The global environment
The drug trade
Be prepared to describe in a brief sentence any of the entities linked below:
The executive branch
National Security Council (http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/nsc)
Department of State
Embassies and ambassadors (http://www.usembassy.gov/index.html)
Department of Defense
The National Security Agency (NSA) (http://www.nsa.gov)
The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) (http://www.nro.gov)
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) (https://www.nga.mil/Pages/default.aspx)
The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) (http://www.dia.mil)
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (https://www.cia.gov/index.html)
The Director of National Intelligence (DNI) (http://www.dni.gov/index.php)
Policymakers often take public opinion into consideration before making decisions
Pluralism and private interests
The facets of trade deals affect businesses differently
The circle of decision making