U name: s history Semester One

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S History Semester One

“50 Big Ideas” Study Guide

Weisenburger 2011-12
Unit #1: Colonization and Independence
Key Terms:

  • New England Colonies

  • Middle Colonies

  • Southern Colonies

  • Mayflower Compact

  • Salutary Neglect

  • Navigation Acts

  • The Great Awakening

  • The Enlightenment

  • French and Indian War

  • Proclamation of 1763

  • Sugar Act

  • Stamp Act

  • Townshend Act

  • Boston Massacre

  • Boston Tea Party

  • Intolerable Acts

  • Patriot

  • Loyalist

  • Lexington and Concord

  • “Common Sense”

  • Declaration of Independence

  • Bunker Hill

  • Trenton

  • Saratoga

  • Treaty of Alliance

  • Valley Forge

  • Yorktown

  • Treaty of Paris

Big Ideas:

  1. How were the colonial regions (New England, Middle, Southern) different? How did those differences come to be?

  1. What was the Mayflower Compact? How did it impact the development of America?

  1. What were the underlying causes of the American Revolution? (Explain how the Navigation Acts, Salutary Neglect, the First Great Awakening, the French and Indian War, and the Enlightenment led to the American Revolution).

  1. What were some of the British taxation policies that led to the American Revolution?

  1. What foundational American principles are articulated in the Declaration of Independence?

  1. Describe the highlights and key battles of the American Revolution.

  1. Why did the United States win the American Revolution?

Unit #2: Foundations of American Government
Key Terms:

  • Articles of Confederation

  • Federalists

  • Anti-Federalists

  • Bill of Rights

  • Checks and Balances

  • Executive Branch

  • Legislative Branch

  • Judicial Branch

  • Congress

  • Cabinet

  • Electoral College

  • Federalism

  • Reserved Powers

  • Delgated Powers

  • Concurrent Powers

  • Judicial Review

  • Marbury vs. Madison

Big Ideas:

  1. What were the limitations of the Articles of Confederation that motivated the creation of the US Constitution?

  1. What were the main arguments of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists during their debate over the ratification of the US Constitution?

  1. Legislative Branch: What is the function of the Legislative Branch? What are the requirements for being a member of the House of Representatives? The Senate? What are the term lengths for each?

  1. Executive Branch: What is the function of the Executive Branch? What are the requirements for being president? Length of terms? Who elects the president?

  1. How does a bill become a law?

  1. Judicial Branch: What is the function of the Judicial Branch? What is the highest court in the land? What is its leader called? How did the case “Marbury vs. Madison” change its powers?

  1. Describe the system of checks and balances. Draw a diagram below.

  1. What is federalism? What sorts of powers are reserved for the states? Which are delegated to the national government? Which are concurrent?

  1. What is the Bill of Rights? What does it protect?

  1. Describe the amendment process.

Unit #3: Emerging Nation

Key Terms:

  • Washington

  • Jefferson (Republican)

  • Hamilton (Federalist)

  • National Bank

  • John Adams

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • War of 1812

  • James Madison

  • Francis Scott Key

  • “Era of Good Feelings”

  • Andrew Jackson

  • Corrupt Bargain

  • “Democrats”

  • Trail of Tears

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Manifest Destiny

  • Adams – Onis Treaty

  • Oregon Trail

  • 54’40 or Fight

  • Monroe Doctrine

  • Texas Independence

  • Stephen F. Austin

  • Alamo

  • Santa Anna

  • Sam Houston

  • “Lone Star Republic”

  • Mexican-American War

  • Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo

Big Ideas:

  1. What precedents/traditions did George Washington originate as the first president of the United States?

  1. How did the nation’s first two political parties come to be? Who were their leaders? What did each stand for?

  1. What caused the War of 1812? What were the significant events/outcomes of the war?

  1. What were the basic principles of the Monroe Doctrine?

  1. Use the map below to locate and label important territorial expansions and events of this era including the Louisiana Purchase, Adams-Onis Treaty, Annexation of Texas, Mexican Cession, Oregon Treaty, and the Gold Rush.

  1. What was “manifest destiny?”

  1. Explain the causes of, main events during, and lasting significance of the Mexican-American War.

  1. Why did Andrew Jackson’s election as the 7th president represent an expansion of democracy in the United States?

  1. What were some of the significant events of Andrew Jackson’s presidency?

  1. What was the Market Revolution? How did it change the United States? How did it lead to regional differences?

Unit #4: The Union in Peril

Key Terms:

  • Abolitionism

  • Cotton ‘Gin

  • Frederick Douglass

  • Sojourner Truth

  • Missouri Compromise

  • Wilmot Proviso

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Kansas Nebraska Act

  • Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  • Underground Railroad

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  • Bleeding Kansas

  • The Dred Scott Decision

  • Raid on Harper’s Ferry

  • John Brown

  • Republican Party

  • Abraham Lincoln

  • Fort Sumter

  • Anaconda Plan

  • Bull Run

  • Antietam

  • Emancipation Proclamation

  • Gettysburg

  • Vicksburg

  • Gettysburg Address

  • Sherman’s March to the Sea

  • Total War

  • Andrew Johnson

  • Robert E. Lee

  • Ulysses S. Grant

  • Reconstruction

  • 13th Amendment

  • 10% Plan

  • Radical Republicans

  • Black Codes

  • Freedmen’s Bureau

  • 14th Amendment

  • 15th Amendment

  • Sharecropping

  • Ku Klux Klan

  • Compromise of 1877

Big Ideas:

  1. What was abolitionism? Who were some prominent abolitionists of the mid-1800s?

  1. How did each of the following sectional issues lead to the Civil War?

    1. Missouri Compromise

    1. Wilmot Proviso

    1. Compromise of 1850

    1. Kansas Nebraska Act

    1. Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  1. How did each of the following social issues lead to the Civil War?

    1. Underground Railroad

    1. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    1. Bleeding Kansas

    1. The Dred Scott Decision

    1. Raid on Harper’s Ferry

  1. Why did seven southern states secede and form the Confederacy following the election of 1860?

  1. What were the advantages and disadvantages of both sides going into the war?

  1. What were the war strategies of each side going into the war?

  1. Explain the significance of each one of these Civil War battles/events:

    1. Fort Sumter

    1. Battle of Bull Run

    1. Antietam

    1. Emancipation Proclamation

    1. Gettysburg

    1. Gettysburg Address

    1. Vicksburg

    1. Sherman’s March to the Sea

    1. Appomattox Court House

  1. How did Lincoln and Johnson’s Presidential Reconstruction plans differ from those of Radical Republicans?

  1. What were the successes of Reconstruction?

  1. How did southerners attempt to resist Reconstruction?

(Mini) Unit #5: The West

Key Terms:

  • Push factors

  • Pull factors

  • Transcontinental Railroad

  • Homestead Act

  • Cowboys

  • Soddie

  • Barbed Wire

  • Treaty

  • Assimilation

  • Battle of Little Bighorn

  • Battle of Wounded Knee

  • Ghost Dance

  • Sitting Bull

  • Dawes Act

Big Ideas:

  1. What were push and pull factors attracting settlers west during the mid to late 1800s?

  1. How did miners, ranchers, cowboys, and farmers change the American west?

  1. What happened to many Native American tribes during this time period?

Unit #6: Big Business and the Growth of Cities

Key Terms:

  • Oil

  • Electricity

  • Telephone

  • Bessemer Process

  • Entreprenuer

  • Big Business

  • Monopoly

  • Horizontal Consolidation

  • Vertical Consolidation

  • Robber Baron

  • Captain of Industry

  • Andrew Carnegie

  • John D. Rockefeller

  • Social Darwinism

  • Gilded Age

  • Laissez-faire

  • Sweatshop

  • Assembly Line

  • Socialism

  • Unions

  • Immigration Agency

  • Steerage

  • Ellis Island

  • Ghettos

  • Tenements

  • Graft

  • Political Machines

  • Progressive Era

  • Muckrakers

  • Theodore Roosevelt

  • Ida Tarbell

  • Upton Sinclair

  • Jacob Riis

  • Jane Addams

  • John Muir

  • Susan B. Anthony

  • Meat Inspection Act

  • Pure Food and Drug Act

  • William Howard Taft

  • Progressive Party

  • Woodrow Wilson

  • Income Tax

  • Federal Reserve

Big Ideas:

  1. What were the new technologies that emerged during this time period? How did they impact industrial growth?

  1. How was the new “big business” different from other previous forms of domestic business?

  1. Why might a historian call one of the industrial capitalists of this time period like Andrew Carnegie or John D. Rockefeller a “Captain of Industry?” Why might they use the term “Robber Baron?”

  1. How did the nature of work change during the Gilded Age?

  1. What is a union? What do unions do to protect workers?

  1. What were push and pull factors that encouraged immigration during this time period? What was the immigrant experience like?

  1. What factors spurred city growth during this time period? What were some problems associated with the growth of cities?

  1. What was the difference between a muckraker and a social reformer? Name some famous muckrakers and social reformers from the Progressive Era below and detail their accomplishments.

  1. What were the progressive achievements of Teddy Roosevelt?

  1. How did Woodrow Wilson come to be elected in 1912? What were some progressive achievements of his administration?

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