Type or write your answers right in this document. Name: Chapter 9 Questions, Part 2: The Constitution of the United States of America

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Chapter 9 Questions, Part 2:

The Constitution of the United States of America

  1. As stated on 177, where the chapter switches over from the A of C to “The Constitution,” what type of problems, more than any other, got power-brokers so alarmed, that they felt the need to call a “convention” to discuss their form of government?

  1. A) One of those things you are simply supposed to “know” as a U.S. citizen:

Where was the new (and current) constitution drafted?

  1. The year?

  1. On page 178 (where you probably found the answers to the previous question) is a run-down of some famous “founding fathers” (as we call them today). As an exercise, lets have you write the name of these famous men (perhaps for the last time in you life):

  • Chairman of the convention was ______________________.

  • The man dubbed “Father of the Constitution was ___________________.

  • This next man is one you will write about again, when we look at this country’s first political parties, later. This man was probably the most famous ardent advocate of a super-powerful central government: _______________.

  • (Helpful hint: I’d memorize this guy and his government view.)

  • This famous founding father was given “chaperones” when out on the town so he did not shoot off his mouth about what these men were working on: ________________.

  • This famous revolutionary did not attend because he was an ardent believer in “states’ rights” and “smelled a rat” in this convention: _________________.

  • The economic standing of ALL the men at this convention?

  1. The answers to the questions are not in the chapter (though they may be inferred). Look up using your own sources if necessary.

Define these two legislative schemes as very general ideas. (That is, I could define them in three words each, but if you need more…ok.)

  • A bicameral legislature:

  • A unicameral legislature:

  1. The book notes the quandary you faced in your small group work: How to allot representation by states: By population or equal numbers for each state? The answer was famously known as “The Great Compromise.” As a college student, you will touch on this again in one form or another. So, explain The Great Compromise; the answer to our representation quandary:

  1. As noted in previous work, Shay’s Rebellion was a BIG deal. Its specter influenced which branch (or position) of our new government.

  1. Which branch (or entity) in our government has the power to declare war?

  1. After war is declared, which branch (or entity) in our government commands our nation’s war-efforts?

  1. Electing the President; a tricky scheme: The President of the United States is not elected directly by the voting population in our country. The President is elected by “electors” from each state that, together, we call The Electoral College. How many electors does each state get? (Careful, you could answer this in just one sentence.)

  1. Strangely enough, the framers of our constitution believed the President would more often than not be elected by our House of Representatives. As the book notes, a candidate had to receive a majority of electoral votes in an election in order to achieve victory at that electoral stage; and by that, it is meant that one would have to gain over 50% of the total electoral votes, not simply “more” electoral votes than other candidates. Still, today’s Americans don’t get why the framers believed a candidate would not get over 50% of the electoral votes, because today’s Americans are used to a two-party system with two candidates. The framers never imaged ANY political parties, much less our evolved two-party system. So, imagine if there were four or seven viable candidates gaining electoral votes… Do you see why they felt it could be rare for one candidate to master over half the electors? In a sentence, explain:

  1. Slavery:

  1. Why would many people in the 1780’s (as well as us, today) believe that southern slaves should not be counted as part of the population when seating numbers of representatives in the House? (This does not have too much to do with morals.)

  1. What is the famous name of the compromise on counting slaves for representation, and write the basics of this compromise:

  1. A) How many states had to ratify a change to The Articles of Confederation?

B) How many states did the framers say had to approve this new constitution in order for it to go into effect?

13. A) Name the two groups that emerged as the country debated ratification,

and write which group was for and which was against.

B) Secondly, in a word or three for each, describe the economic make-up of the

men in the two groups.

  1. At the end of the chapter, the authors note that the framers preserved “republican” government. Many have pointed out that the United States is not a democracy, but rather a republic. Explain:

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