Twentieth-Century American Politics and Diplomacy



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Twentieth-Century American Politics and Diplomacy


Series 1
The Walter Lippmann

Papers

Part 2: Selected Correspondence, 1931-1974



Sections 1&2

Primary Source Microfilm


an imprint of the Gale Group

The Walter Lippmann Papers



Part 2, Section 1: Selected Correspondence, 1931-1974

(Reels 40-84)
Part 2, Section 2: Selected Correspondence, 1931-1974

(Reels 85-126)

From the holdings of the


Manuscript and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University,

New Haven, Connecticut

Primary Source Microfilm


an imprint of the Gale Group

Primary Source Microfilm

an imprint of the Gale Group

12 Lunar Drive, Woodbridge, CT 06525

Tel: (800) 444 0799 and (203) 397 2600

Fax: (203) 397 3893


P.O. Box 45, Reading, England

Tel (+ 44) 1734 583247

Fax: (+ 44) 1734 394334

ISBN: 1-57803-280-6

All rights reserved, including those to

reproduce this book or any parts

thereof in any form

Printed and bound in the

United States of America

2003
CONTENTS

Collection Overview……………………………………………………….……………. v

Introduction to the Collection………………………………………………………….. viii

Chronology……………………………………………………………………… x

Degrees……………………………………………………………………….. xviii

Honors and Awards……………………………………………………………………. xix

Editorial Notes………………………………………………………………………… xxi

Reel Index: Part 2, Section 1……….…………………………………………………. xxii

Reel Index: Part 2, Section 2……….…………………………………………………xxiii

Acknowledgments……………………………………………………………………. xxiv

Walter Lippmann Papers: Part 2, Section 1………………………………………...…… 1

Walter Lippmann Papers, Part 2, Section 2……………………………………………110

Collection Overview

For almost seventy-five years of this century Walter Lippmann knew and corresponded with a great many men and women in most parts of the world who were deeply involved in and helped shape the course of events. His papers, starting in 1906 with his undergraduate years at Harvard and ending with his death in 1974 at the age of eighty-five, constitute an important contribution to the history of our own time. They give a picture of the public life of this century from the angle of vision of an author, editor, journalist and political philosopher. In the political drama, Walter Lippmann was back stage, on stage, and among the critics in the stalls.


The Walter Lippmann Papers (MS. Group No. 326), consisting of 115 linear feet of correspondence and other types of material, are divided into the following ten series:


Series No.




I

Correspondence, 1906 – 1930

II

Requests To Speak, Write Or Reprint, 1906 - 1930

III

Correspondence, 1931-1974

IV

Requests To Speak, Write Or Reprint, 1931 - 1974

V

Public Opinion Mail, 1931 – 1974

VI

Manuscripts and/or Typescripts

VII

Diaries And Engagement Books

VIII

Honors

IX

Photographs, Portraits And Sketches

X

Films, Recordings And Tapes

Because of the volume of the papers, the first four series are divided into the periods 1906 - 1930 and 1931 - 1974. The year 1931 was considered a logical series break because Walter Lippmann’s career as an editor ended with the demise of the New York World in February and his career as a columnist for the New York Herald Tribune began in September. A description of the content and arrangement of each of the ten series immediately precedes the folder listing for the series in this register.


Researchers should be aware that there are two Walter Lippmann manuscript groups at the Yale Library, with separate registers. The group described above, and in this register, is known as the Walter Lippmann Papers, Manuscript Group Number 326. The second is known as the Robert O. Anthony Collection of Walter Lippmann, Manuscript Group 766. The distinction between the two is that Group 326 consists of Lippmann’s personal papers and manuscripts of his writings, while Group 766 is, in general, a collection of his published work. Between the two collections, probably no other journalist and few public figures will have had a career so carefully and completely documented for the historian of the future.
It is worth noting that only materials from Series I, III, V, VII, and portions of a separate group recently acquired by the Manuscripts and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University have been included in the microform edition of The Walter Lippmann Papers.
Accession

The Walter Lippmann Papers (MS Group No. 326, Manuscripts and Archives) became the property of the Yale University Library by deed of gift in July, 1944. Inasmuch as the 1940s were probably the busiest years of his career as author and columnist, Lippmann needed his files for reference purposes, and it was not until 1963, some twenty years later, that the papers were actually removed from his home in Washington, D.C., and deposited in the Yale Library.


As early as 1941 Walter Lippmann had given to Yale some 300 numbers of serials and pamphlets for the Yale War Collection through his long-time friend, Wilmarth S. Lewis, Yale ’18, who was active in the affairs of the Yale Library. In 1942 Lippmann wrote his lawyer, Albert Stickney, that he had been asked by the Library of Congress and also by the Yale University Library to give them all his papers, and that this action would involve a change in his will when he knew more clearly just exactly what he wanted to do. Two yeas later, in a letter to Lewis dated July 3, 1944, Lippmann wrote: “I took the invitation from Yale as a favor to me, and a very great distinction, not as something I was doing for Yale. It never occurred to me to consult Harvard, where I had been an overseer, about my papers any more than I might have asked them if they were going to give me an honorary degree.” Lewis replied on July 5th: “Needless to say, I am very happy that you have given Yale your papers. The Yale Library is one of the chief things in my life, and it is a joy for me that it is to have this great collection. The scholars of the future will now have to come to Yale to study our time.” On the same date, Charles Seymour, President of Yale University, wrote Lippmann: “May I express again and more emphatically our deep gratitude for the gift of your papers. Their value in the Yale collection will be obviously enormous,” and in a letter the next day Lewis reminded Lippmann: “I first spoke to you about your papers two years ago.”
The decision in 1944 also involved a collection of published works by and about Walter Lippmann which had been assembled as a hobby, beginning in 1931, by Robert Olney Anthony, Amherst ’26, a telephone executive for the Bell System in New York City. His collection included magazine articles, a complete file of Lippmann’s “Today and Tomorrow” column (1931-1967) which he indexed, other newspaper articles, bulletins and pamphlets concerning Lippmann, newspaper clippings, and books by, about, or prominently mentioning him. Both for the protection of the collection and to increase its availability to scholars, it was a propitious time to transfer his collection to the Yale Library. Lippmann agreed that both collections should be kept together, and in 1944 when Lippmann decided to give his papers to Yale, Anthony also offered his associated collection. Two years later when Anthony was transferred from New York to the New England Telephone and Telegraph Company in Providence, Rhode Island, on December 2, 1946, his collection was transported to the Yale Library. His collection is listed as the Robert O. Anthony Collection of Walter Lippmann (MS Group No. 766, Manuscripts and Archives). On December 3, 1946, Anthony was named curator of the newly-formed collection by the Yale Corporation.
During 1945 and early in 1946 Lippmann sent to Yale several items, e.g., manuscripts of some of his books, and the announcement of his gift appeared in the press in June, 1946. Also in 1946 at the time of the Anthony collection move, the library truck picked up Lippmann’s bound volumes of the editorial pages of the New York World for the period 19254 through February, 1931, which were in his office at the New York Herald Tribune in New York City.
It was not until February, 1963, when he was almost seventy-four, that Lippmann felt he could give up the bulk of his papers, consisting at that time of forty-two large files of personal correspondence and two boxes of original manuscripts. They were shipped to Providence, Rhode Island, for processing by Anthony and eventual shipment to Yale. In 1964 another shipment arrived in Providence, consisting of diaries and engagement books through 1959.
In 1964, Richard H. Rovere began his work in both collections as the authorized biographer of Walter Lippmann, with the assistance of Gary Clarkson. Four years later, finding himself uneasy in the role of biographer without assurance of complete independence as to content, Rovere, in 1968, found a successor in Ronald Steel, a journalist who had been a foreign service officer. Steel’s biography is in preparation for expected publication in the fall of 1978.

Introduction to the Collection

Correspondence, 1931-1974

The correspondence in this series begins in 1931 and contains the same format of “Selected” and “General” as Series I, which ended with the year 1930. It concludes, of course, with Walter Lippmann’s death on December 14, 1974, although some material of interest subsequent to that date is also included.

As mentioned in the introduction, the year 1931 witnessed the end of the career of Walter Lippmann as an editor, with the sale of the New York World newspaper in February, 1931. His noted career as “dean of the columnists” started with his “Today and Tomorrow” column in the New York Herald Tribune in September of that year.

Lippmann continued extensive correspondence during 1931-1974 with several correspondents from the earlier period, prominent among whom were Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Newton D. Baker, Bernard Berenson, Robert H. Brand, William M. Chadbourne, Grenville Clark, Felix Frankfurter, Ralph Hayes, John Maynard Keynes, Stanley King, Thomas W. Lamont, Russell C. Leffingwell, Allan Nevins, Ellery Sedgwick and Herbert Bayard Swope. He corresponded extensively, also, with Oscar Cox and Lewis W. Douglas starting in 1932, and with Arthur W. Schlesinger, Jr., in 1950.

As the folder listing for Series III, upon which Part 2, Section 1 and Section 2 of the microform edition of this collection depends, Lippmann corresponded with hundreds of other persons from all walks of life who became well known by the middle of the twentieth century and later.

Correspondence relating to Walter Lippmann’s important activities as an alumnus of Harvard has been separated from other correspondence and is placed under “Harvard” at the end of the alphabetical section in boxes 113, 114 and 115. His activities included election as an Overseer in 1933 and appointment to Visiting Committees for the Departments of Government, Economics, Philosophy and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, as well as the Committee to Visit Harvard College.

Lippmann’s relation to the Lucius W. Nieman Fellowships at Harvard “to promote and elevate standards of journalism and educate persons deemed specially qualified…” is important to note, for he was in at the creation. A member of the Board of Overseers in February, 1936, when Harvard was notified of the Nieman bequest, President Conant consulted with Lippmann on the Nieman idea as early as May of that year. Lippmann joined fully with the plan and accepted appointment on the first Nieman selecting committee along with Ellery Sedgwick and John Stewart Bryan. The first fellowships, nine in number, were awarded for the academic year 1938-1939.

A release from the Harvard University News Office, dated September 15, 1977, announced a grant of $100,000.00 to the Nieman Foundation for Journalism in memory of Walter Lippmann. The grant derived from the bequest he left to Harvard at the time of his death in December, 1974. The new Nieman headquarters, known as the Walter Lippmann House, will be at One Francis Avenue, a structure built in 1836 in a Greek revival style by the Harvard College carpenter, Ebenezer Francis. To match the grant and also create a full endowment for the Walter Lippmann House, a memorial fund has been launched to raise $400,000.00 from journalists and others who were friends and admirers of Lippmann.

Researchers interested in the Lippmann family papers are directed to a separate “Lippmann” section at the end of the Selected Correspondence. This section, consisting of boxes 113-123, contains all correspondence between Lippmann and Harvard University, Harvard Clubs, publications and Visiting Committees (3 boxes). It also contains notes on more than twenty-five trips taken both in this country and abroad during the period 1934 to 1966 (3 boxes). Correspondence in other boxes in this section is concerned with Walter Lippmann’s 70th, 75th, 80th and 85th birthdays, financial matters, and his several residences. The transcripts of the interviews conducted by Allan Nevins and Dean Albertson in 1953 for the Oral History Collection at Columbia University are also found here.

Correspondence between Lippmann and his second wife, Helen Byrne Armstrong during 1937 and 1938 has been placed in box 124. This correspondence covers the period of the divorce proceedings of Walter Lippmann and his first wife, Faye (Albertson), and Helen and Hamilton Fish Armstrong; Helen'’ sojourn of several weeks in Reno, Nevada; and their subsequent marriage in March, 1938.



Some personal correspondence and papers of Helen Byrne Lippmann were found among Walter Lippmann’s papers. These have been placed in box 125 at the end of the Selected Correspondence.
Chronology




Year

Month/Day




1889

Sep 23

Born in New York City, residence on Lexington Avenue between 61st and 62nd Street. Son of Jacob and Daisy (Baum). Father a clothing manufacturer and real estate broker, and mother a Hunter College graduate.

1896

May 16

First of more than forty Atlantic crossings, R.M.S. Etruria. “Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Lippmann and maid: Master Walter Lippmann.” (From the passenger list)

1896

Sep

Entered Sachs Collegiate Institute, 38 West 59th Street, New York City.

1903

Feb

Wrote first editorial (age 13) for school paper, the Record, as editor-in-chief.

1903

Apr 25

Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize “for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence.” (Ten volume Fiske History)

1904

May 20

Confirmed as a member of Temple Emmanu-El.

1904

May 22

Awarded the Lewis May Pin and Medal, Temple Emmanu-El.

1906

Apr 28

Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for faithful devotion to school duties and for general excellence. (Six volume Robert Browning)

1906

Jun

Graduated from Sachs Collegiate Institute. Awarded the Arnold B. Horwitz prize for academic achievement. Had been a member of the debating, football, hockey and tennis teams.

1906

Sep

Entered Harvard College. Lived at 12 Weld Hall.

1907

Dec

One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.

1908

Jan 9

Elected to the Circolo Italiano Society.

1908

Oct

Taught evening classes at the Cambridge Social Union as an instructor in Fine Arts.

1908

Dec

One of the winners of the Harvard College prize for academic distinction.

1908




Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1909




Elected to the Cosmopolitan Club. Member of the Debating, Philosophical and Political Clubs. Joined the Harvard Socialist Club and later became president.

1909




Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society, attending conventions and organizing chapters at other colleges.

1909




One of the winners of the Deturs prize “Pro Insigni Studiis Diligentia,” and the John Harvard prize.

1909

Jun 30

Completed requirements for A.B. degree (three years), Cum Laude. Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Chapter of Massachusetts.

1910




Assistant to Prof. George Santayana, Department of Philosophy, teaching history of philosophy. Also studied for Master’s Degree. Active in Harvard Chapter, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1910

Apr

Elected to Board of Editors, the Harvard Monthly.

1910

May

Within three weeks of earning Master’s degree, dropped studies, left Harvard, and was hired as a reporter on the Boston Common (newspaper) by his first employer and future father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.

1910

Jun

Took A.B. degree with the Class of 1910.

1910




Engaged by Lincoln Steffens for Everybody’s Magazine.

1911

Apr 1

Elected to Executive Committee, Intercollegiate Socialist Society.

1911




Regular contributor to the International Magazine through 1912.

1912

Jan 1

Appointed Executive Secretary to the Rev. George R. Lunn, Socialist Mayor of Schenectady, New York. Resigned four months later.

1912




Wrote articles for the Intercollegiate Socialist Society publication.

1913




Joined the Socialist Party, New York County, and the Socialist Press Club of New York City.

1913




First book, A Preface to Politics, published by Mitchell Kennerly.

1913




Invited by Herbert Croly to become one of the six members of the editorial board of a new weekly, the New Republic. The six members were Herbert Croly, Francis Hackett, Walter Lippmann, Philip Littell, Charlotte Rudyard and Walter Weyl.

1914

Nov 7


First issue of the New Republic.

1914




Book, Drift and Mastery, published by Mitchell Kennerly.

1915




Book, The Stakes of Diplomacy, published by Henry Holt and Company.

1915




Wrote series “Today and Tomorrow” for Metropolitan magazine.

1917

May 24

Married Faye Albertson, daughter of Ralph and Irene (Mulford Albertson. Ceremony performed by the Hon. William H. Wadhams, Judge of the Court of General Sessions and City Magistrate of the City of New York.

1917

Jul 18

Appointed assistant to Newton D. Baker, Secretary of War. Served on the Cantonment Adjustment Commission with Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

1917

Sep 24

Invited by Colonel House to become secretary of “The Inquiry,” a secret organization created by order of President Wilson to prepare data for the Paris Peace Conference.

1918

Jun 28

Commissioned Captain, Military Intelligence, and assigned to the staff of General Pershing and sent to France. Prepared propaganda leaflets for dropping behind the German lines and interrogated prisoners.

1918

Jul 3

Assigned to the staff of Colonel House and to the American Mission to Negotiate Peace. Interpreted President Wilson’s Fourteen Points to the British and Italians.

1919

Jan 23

Resigned. Sailed for home on the S.S. Cedric.

1919

Feb 3

Honorably discharged from the U.S. Army.

1919




Book, The Political Scene, an essay on the victory of 1918, published by Henry Holt and Company.

1920




Regular contributor to Vanity Fair magazine.

1920




Book, Liberty and the News, published by Harcourt, Brace and Howe.

1922

Jan 1

Joined the editorial staff of the New York World in the capacity of editorial and special writer.

1922




Book, Public Opinion, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.

1924

Mar 10

Became chief editorial writer in charge of the editorial page of the New York World following the death of Frank I. Cobb in the fall of 1923.

1925

Jan 12

Gave the Bloch Foundation lecture at Yale University.

1925




Book, The Phantom Public, published by Harcourt, Brace and Company.

1926

Jun 4

First honorary degree, LL.D., conferred by Wake Forest College. (For complete list of degrees, see “Degrees - Walter Lippmann”)

1927

Apr

Appointed to National Panel of Arbitrators by the American Arbitration Association

1927

Aug

Death of father, Jacob.

1927




Book, Men of Destiny, published by the MacMillan Company.

1928




Book, American Inquisitors, published by the MacMillan Company. A Commentary on Dayton and Chicago. Lectures delivered at the University of Virginia for the Barbour-Page Foundation.

1929




Named editor of the New York World.

1929




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Government at Harvard. Served through 1961.

1929




Book, A Preface to Morals, published by the MacMillan Company. A Book-of-the-Month Club Selection.

1930




Appointed to Committee to Visit Harvard College. Served through 1936.

1931

Feb 25

Last issue of the New York World. Sold to the Scripps-Howard chain by the heirs of Joseph Pulitzer.

1931

Sep 8

First “Today and Tomorrow” column for the New York Herald Tribune.

1932




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1931, published by Harper and Brothers. Written in collaboration with William O. Scroggs.

1932




Book, Interpretations: 1931-1932, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.

1932-1935




Regular contributor to the American magazine.

1933

Jun 22

Elected to the Board of Overseers, Harvard University, for a six-year term.

1933




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Economics at Harvard. Served through 1937.

1933




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1932, published by Harper and Brothers.

1934

May

Delivered the Godkin lectures at Harvard.

1934




Appointed to Committee to Visit the Department of Philosophy at Harvard. Served through 1957.

1934




Book, The Method of Freedom, published by the MacMillan Company. Godkin lectures delivered at Harvard.

1934




Book, U.S. in World Affairs: 1933, edited with an introduction, published by Harper and Brothers.

1936




Book, Interpretations: 1933-1935, published by the MacMillan Company. “Today and Tomorrow” columns selected and edited by Allan Nevins.

1936-1937




Regular contributor to the Atlantic.

1937

Dec 9

Divorce decree from his wife Faye, in Bradenton, Florida.

1937




Book, The Good Society, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1937




Book, The Supreme Court: Independent or Controlled?, published by Harper and Brothers. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.

1938

Feb 16-18

Gave series of three lectures at the University of Chicago.

1938

Mar 26

Married Helen Byrne Armstrong. Ceremony performed by the Hon. Charles Poletti, Justice, Supreme Court, State of New York. Moved to Washington, D.C.

1938

Sep 5

Decoration conferred: Officier de l’Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur. (For complete list of honors and awards, see “Honors and Awards”)

1939

Mar 7

Gave address on the Charles R. Walgreen Foundation at the University of Chicago.

1940

May 3

Faye Albertson Lippmann married Jesse Heatley.

1940




Book, Some Notes on War and Peace, published by the MacMillan Company. Four reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” columns.

1943




Book, U.S. Foreign Policy: Shield of the Republic, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1944

Autumn

Trip to Europe as a war correspondent.

1944




Book, U.S. War Aims, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1945

Jan 26

Gave the Bergen lecture at Yale University.

1946

Apr

Attended the Nuremberg trials, International Tribunal, Palace of Justice.

1946




Appointed to the Committee to Visit the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard.

1947

Feb 1

Elected a member of the American Society of International Law.

1947

Apr 26

Elected a member of the American Philosophical Society.

1947




Book, The Cold War, published by Harper and Brothers. Material appeared as a series of article sin the New York Herald Tribune.

1949

May 11

Elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1949

July 27

Death of mother, Daisy (Mrs. I.M. Stettenheim).

1950

Feb 22

Gave the Newton D. Baker Memorial Lecture, Cleveland, Ohio.

1950

Mar 1

Presented the Knight Cross of First Class of the Order of St. Olaf (Norway).

1951

Jan 22

Death of father-in-law, Ralph Albertson.

1951

Jan 23

Elected a member of Sigma Delta Chi.

1951

Nov 7

Elected a Fellow of the American Geographical Society.

1952

Mar 13

Elected Commandeur, Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands). Upon Walter Lippmann’s death in 1974, the medal was returned in accordance with Royal Decree No. 12 of 12 April 1923.

1952

May

Gave Sulgrave Manor Board lecture in England, on the Sir George Watson Chair of American History, Literature and Institutions.

1952




Book, Isolation and Alliances, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1955




Book, The Public Philosophy, published by Little, Brown and Company.

1957

Jan 27

Gave the Gideon D. Seymour Memorial Lecture at the University of Minnesota.

1958

May 5

Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Comment.

1959

Mar 2

Named Associe de sa Section des Sciences Morales et Politiques, Academie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique.

1959

Sep 23

Awarded the National Press Club Certificate of Appreciation in recognition of meritorious service to correspondents of press, radio and television in the nation’s capitol.

1959




Elected member of the American Military Institute.

1959




Book, The Communist World and Ours, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his trip to Russia in 1958.

1960

Jul 7

First TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann on Leadership.”

1960

Oct 27

Testimonial of Appreciation and Esteem, Hall of Fame for Great Americans, New York University.

1961

Jun 15

Second TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1961.”

1961

Nov 14

Appointed a member of the Advisory Committee on the Arts, National Cultural Center, by President John F. Kennedy.

1961

Dec 21

Third TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, Year End.”

1961




Book, The Coming Tests with Russia, published by Little, Brown and Company. Reprinted “Today and Tomorrow” articles following his second trip to Russia in 1961.

1962

Apr 18

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to Walter Lippmann and CBS for the program which did most to promote international understanding during 1961.

1962

May 7

Awarded Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs.

1962

May 16

Appointed a member of the Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission by President John F. Kennedy.

1962

Jun 7

Fourth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1962.”

1962

Dec 13

Elected Corresponding Member of the Massachusetts Historical Society.

1963

Jan 1

Changed “Today and Tomorrow” syndicate from the New York Herald Tribune to the Washington Post.

1963

Jan 21

First of the bi-weekly articles for Newsweek.

1963

May 1

Fifth TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1963.”

1964

Apr 8

Sixth TV appearance. CBs Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1964.”

1964

Sep 14

Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Lyndon B. Johnson.

1965

Feb 22

Final TV appearance. CBS Reports, “Walter Lippmann, 1965.”

1965

Mar 1

Addressed the United Nations.

1965

Apr 26

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award presented to CBS Reports, with special mention of interview with Walter Lippmann televised on April 8, 1964.

1965

May 27

Addressed the International Press Institute, London.

1965

Dec 22

Named Grand Officier de l’Ordre National du Mérite by French President Charles de Gaulle.

1965




Awarded the National Institute of Arts and Letters Gold Medal for Eminence in Essays and Criticism.

1967

May 25

Final “Today and Tomorrow” article.

1967

May

Moved from Washington, D.C., to 1021 Park Avenue, New York City.

1968

Dec 1

Moved to The Lowell, 28 East 63rd Street, New York City.

1971

Jan 11

Final article for Newsweek.

1971

Jun 11

Elected a Charter Member of the Washington Hall of Fame, Sigma Delta Chi.

1974

Feb 16

Helen Byrne Lippmann died at The Lowell.

1974

Apr 18

Death of Faye Albertson’s second husband, Jesse Heatley.

1974

Dec 14

Walter Lippmann died at the Mary James Nursing Home, 755 Park Avenue, New York City, at approximately 7:00 a.m.

1974

Dec 18

Memorial service at the Ford Foundation, 320 East 43rd Street, New York City.

1975

Jan 8

Memorial service at the Washington Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

1975

Mar 17

Death of Faye Albertson Lippmann Heatley.


Degrees


1.

Harvard

1910 B.A.

2.

Wake Forest College

1926 LL.D.

3.

University of Wisconsin

1927 LL.D.

4.

Columbia University

1932 LITT.D.

5.

Dartmouth College

1932 LITT.D.

6.

University of California

133 LL.D.

7.

Union College

1933 LL.D. Honorary Chancellor

8.

Wesleyan University

1934 LL.D.

9.

Oglethorpe University

1934 LITT.D.

10.

University of Michigan

1934 LL.D.

11.

George Washington University

1935 LL.D.

12.

Amherst College

1935 LL.D.

13.

University of Rochester

1936 LL.D.

14.

College of William and Mary

1937 LL.D.

15.

Drake University

1937 LL.D.

16.

Harvard University

1944 LITT.D.

17.

University of Chicago

1955 LL.D.

18.

New School for Social Research

1959 LITT.D.

19.

College of the Holy Cross

1962 LL.D.

20.

Boston University

1964 LL.D.

21.

Brandeis University

1968 LL.D.

22.

University of York (England)

1969 Doctor of the University. First American to be awarded an honorary degree.

23.

Princeton University

1970 LL.D.


Honors And Awards


MEDALS




1903

Sachs’ School Tennis

1904

Lewis May Pin, Temple Emmanu-El

1909

Phi Beta Kappa Key, Harvard

1909

Harvard Crimson

1917

British and French War Commission

1917

Belgian War Mission

1934

American Academy of Arts and Letters

1936

Harvard Tercentenary

(1940s)

Assistance to General Charles de Gaulle

1946

Princeton University Bicentennial

1946

French Legion of Honor

1946

Pope Pius XII medallion

1947

Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands)

1947

Order of Leopold (Belgium)

1950

Knight of First Class, Order of St. Olaf (Norway)

1950

Sigma Delta Chi Key

1953

Pope Pius XII Silver Medal

1959

School Bell Award

1960

Kappa Delta Pi Key

1960

Hall of Fame for Great Americans

1962

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award

1963

République Française, Ordre National du Mérite

1964

Presidential Medal of Freedom

1965

United Nations Silver Medal

1965

Pope Paul VI visit to the United Nations

1965

Family of Man Award

1966

Pope Paul VI medal

1974

City of New York medallion


PLAQUES




1943

Freedom House Award

1950

Sigma Delta Chi

1953

Overseas Press Club

1954

Overseas Press Club

1955

Overseas Press Club

1960

Overseas Press Club

1967

National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

1970

Columbia Journalism Award


CERTIFICATES




1908

Il Circolo Italiano dell Universita Harvard

1910

Phi Beta Kappa, Harvard

1927

American Arbitration Association

1938

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, Officier

1946

Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur, Commandeur

1947

American Society of International Law

1947

American Philosophical Society

1947

Order of Leopold (Belgium)

1949

American Academy of Arts and Sciences

1950

Order of St. Olaf (Norway)

1951

American Geographical Society

1951

Sigma Delta Chi

1952

Orde Van Oranje-Nassau (The Netherlands)

1958

Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Comment

1958

University of Missouri School of Journalism

1959

American Military Institute

1959

National Press Club

1959

Académie Royale des Sciences, des Lettres et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique

1961

Advisory Committee on the Arts (National Cultural Center)

1962

George Foster Peabody Broadcasting Award

1962

Pulitzer Prize for Distinguished Reporting of International Affairs

1962

Massachusetts Historical Society

1962

Woodrow Wilson Memorial Commission

1964

Presidential Medal of Freedom

1965

National Institute of Arts and Letters

1965

Ordre National du Mérite, Grand-Officier

1971

AAPOR award (American Association for Public Opinion Research)

1971

Charter member, Sigma Delta Chi, Washington Hall of Fame



Editorial Note

The Walter Lippmann Papers are housed in the Manuscripts and Archives Division of Sterling Memorial Library at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. The microform edition of this collection comprises four parts, with part 2 subdivided into two sections. The relationships of the parts of the microform edition to the original arrangements of the collection at Yale University is delineated below:

Microform Edition

Original Source at Yale

Description of Contents

Part 1

Series 1

Correspondence, 1906-1930

Part 2, Section 1

Series 3 (Box 50-94)

Correspondence, 1931-1974

Part 2, Section 2

Series 3 (Box 95-139)

Correspondence, 1931-1974

Part 3

Series 5 and 7

Public Opinion Mail (Series 5); Diaries and Engagement Books (Series 7)

Part 4

Not yet assigned by Yale

Correspondence; Notebooks


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