Treaty of Versailles (1919)



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The Rise of dictators (wwii)

(1)The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was one of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The treaty stated that Germany was solely responsible for the war and therefore had to pay to repair the damage done to other countries and give back a lot of German territory. Italy was disappointed with the Treaty of Versailles as well because it did not gain as much from it as other European countries. The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that affected the entire world but hit Germany and Italy especially hard. The people of Germany and Italy were suffering because of the economy. Businesses failed, and millions of people lost their jobs. Japan also suffered from lack of jobs and food shortages due to the depression.

(2)By 1923 Adolf Hitler was the leader of the NAZI party in Germany. The Nazi party was a political group in Germany) Benito Mussolini created a Fascist government in Italy that was based on militarism and racism puts nation and race above the individual, and oppression of all opposition. The people of Germany, Italy, and Japan were frustrated, scared, and suffering and wanted leaders who would once again bring their country to greatness. Hitler and Mussolini promised a better life and a glorious future but once they got that power, they became dictators and ruled their countries by force.

(3)By the early 1930’s Hitler, Mussolini, and Japanese military leaders believed they needed more land and resources to restore their country to greatness. The strong militaries of the 3 countries (Japan, Germany, Italy- which later became known as the Axis alliance) began to attack their neighbor countries- their actions will lead the world into a second world war.



Directions: everyone must define 8 words and choose 1 of the 3 other tasks.

  1. Treaty of Versailles

  2. The Great Depression

  3. Adolf Hitler

  4. Benito Mussolini

  5. Nazi Party

  6. Fascism (Fascist government)

  7. Dictators

  8. Axis alliance




Song/Poem/Rap

Imagine you work for a dictator and it is your job to convince the people of your country to follow him. Write a song/poem/rap that will be heard by all the people of the country expressing the reasons why the people should be upset and follow their leader into war. use 6 of the definition words for full credit.



Newspaper letter
Imagine you work for a newspaper that supports the new dictator and it is your job to write a letter that convinces the people of why they should be outraged and follow whatever the dictator says. Your letter will be read by everyone in the country. Use 6 of the definition words for full credit.



Poster

Imagine you are an artist and the military forces you to create a poster that will be seen by everyone in the country. The poster should encourage everyone to follow the dictator into war and should also convince people that they need to be upset with their current situation. In your poster you need to illustrate or write at least 6 of the definition words to make it believable. Draw the poster in pencil and you will be given crayons to color it in.



Rise of Dictators: AIMS preparation


  1. According to the reading, which of the following countries is not mentioned as being hit incredibly hard by the depression or suffering from a lack of jobs?

    1. Japan

    2. Germany

    3. United States

    4. Italy




  1. Why does the Axis alliance begin to attack its neighbor countries?

    1. To gain more resources

    2. To get more land

    3. To get more weapons, food, and money for their country

    4. All of the above




  1. Why do the people of Italy and Germany listen to Hitler and Mussolini?

    1. They like Hitler and Mussolini’s clothing

    2. They believed Hitler and Mussolini gave hope to their country

    3. Hitler and Mussolini both did very well in College

    4. They were influenced by the Japanese




  1. The Treaty of Versailles was unfair to which of the following countries?

    1. France

    2. The United States

    3. Germany

    4. Mexico




  1. The reading indicates that dictators rose in power in Europe for which of the following reasons except

    1. People were suffering from the Great Depression

    2. Businesses failed and millions lost jobs

    3. The Treaty of Versailles was unfair to Italy and Germany

    4. People were fed up with the freedoms enjoyed by people in the U.S.




  1. The Nazi Party leader of Germany during World War II was named

    1. Adolf Hitler

    2. Benito Mussolini

    3. Franklin Roosevelt

    4. George W. Bush


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