(1)The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was one of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end. The treaty stated that Germany was solely responsible for the war and therefore had to pay to repair the damage done to other countries and give back a lot of German territory. Italy was disappointed with the Treaty of Versailles as well because it did not gain as much from it as other European countries. The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that affected the entire world but hit Germany and Italy especially hard. The people of Germany and Italy were suffering because of the economy. Businesses failed, and millions of people lost their jobs. Japan also suffered from lack of jobs and food shortages due to the depression.
(2)By 1923 Adolf Hitlerwas the leader of the NAZI party in Germany. The Nazi party was a political group in Germany) Benito Mussolini created a Fascist government in Italy that was based on militarism and racism puts nation and race above the individual, and oppression of all opposition. The people of Germany, Italy, and Japan were frustrated, scared, and suffering and wanted leaders who would once again bring their country to greatness. Hitler and Mussolini promised a better life and a glorious future but once they got that power, they became dictators and ruled their countries by force.
(3)By the early 1930’s Hitler, Mussolini, and Japanese military leaders believed they needed more land and resources to restore their country to greatness. The strong militaries of the 3 countries (Japan, Germany, Italy- which later became known as the Axis alliance) began to attack their neighbor countries- their actions will lead the world into a second world war.
Directions: everyone must define 8 words and choose 1 of the 3 other tasks.
Treaty of Versailles
The Great Depression
Fascism (Fascist government)
Imagine you work for a dictator and it is your job to convince the people of your country to follow him. Write a song/poem/rap that will be heard by all the people of the country expressing the reasons why the people should be upset and follow their leader into war. use 6 of the definition words for full credit.
Newspaper letter Imagine you work for a newspaper that supports the new dictator and it is your job to write a letter that convinces the people of why they should be outraged and follow whatever the dictator says. Your letter will be read by everyone in the country. Use 6 of the definition words for full credit.
Imagine you are an artist and the military forces you to create a poster that will be seen by everyone in the country. The poster should encourage everyone to follow the dictator into war and should also convince people that they need to be upset with their current situation. In your poster you need to illustrate or write at least 6 of the definition words to make it believable. Draw the poster in pencil and you will be given crayons to color it in.