Travel Journal



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02.01 Travel Journal

1. How did manorialism develop in Medieval Europe?

2. How did the idea of feudalism emerge as an historical construct?

3. What role does each of the social orders play in the feudal system?

4. How do the different types of serfs compare to each other?

5. What options did a second son have for a career in medieval society?

6. In what ways were women’s positions in medieval society tied to the fate of men?

7. How did the importance of knights change over time?

8. What role did the Church play in maintaining the manorial system?

9. How did the Church in the medieval period gain wealth?


02.02 Travel Journal


1. What immediate effect did the fall of the Roman Empire have on Europe?

2. How did Charles Martel build on the successes of Clovis?

3. How did Charlemagne's rule change Europe?

4. How did Charlemagne act as a champion of the Church?

5. What impact did the Vikings have on medieval Europe?

6. What accomplishments or changes did medieval popes and kings oversee?

7. What contributions did the Church make to politics, economics, and culture in medieval Europe?

8. How did European culture flourish in the Middle Ages?


02.03 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. What role might location have played in the competition for the Holy Land?

2. For what religious groups is Jerusalem considered a holy city?

3. What tone does Pope Urban II use, and what promises does he make to encourage people to ride against the Muslim Turks?

4. Why might peasants be interested in fighting in The Crusades?

5. What did each Crusade accomplish, and why do you think they ultimately failed?

6. How were the goals of Saladin and Richard both alike and different?

7. How do the events of the Crusades relate or compare to world events today?

8. What modern circumstances or events can you trace back to the Crusades?

9. What does each author’s account reveal about his perspective on the events of the Crusades?


02.04 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. How did the Black Death affect European art?

2. How have other great tragedies of history affected art and intellectual development?

3. How did painting techniques change through the Middle Ages?

4. What do we know about the types of literature written during the Middle Ages?

5. Why did the Catholic Church build grand cathedrals during the Middle Ages?

6. What are some characteristics of medieval music?

7. Who would be considered a modern day equivalent of a minstrel or troubadour?

8. What was the role of monks during the Middle Ages?

9. How did Italian literature help to usher in the Renaissance?


02.05 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. What factors led to urbanization in medieval Europe?

2. How did merchant guilds affect medieval towns and cities?

3. Why did artisans organize medieval craft guilds?

4. How did artisan guilds change labor and social class in medieval Europe?

5. What effect did money have on the medieval economy?

6. What economic activities did people in medieval towns participate in?

7. How did medieval merchants help Europe move toward a more global economy?

8. How did artisans and merchants impact life in the Middle Ages?

02.06 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. How did the monarchs in Europe respond the decline of feudalism?

2. What impact did the Norman Conquest have on England?

3. In what ways is the Magna Carta still influential today?

4. What internal difficulties did the French face during the Hundred Years War?

5. How did Joan of Arc become a national symbol in France?

6. What role did the Great Schism play in building national identities in Europe?

7. Why was the narrative of the Spanish reconquest such a powerful unifying theme in Spain?


2.07 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. How did Chinese culture influence Japanese practices?

2. Why was the Heian period an important part of the political history of Japan?

3. How did art and literature change in Fujiwara Japan?

4. Who held power in feudal Japan and how did they carry out their power?

5. What does the Bushido Code tell us about the Samurai?

6. Why was the population of Japan more receptive to Zen Buddhism?

7. How did the Mongol invasions affect the way Japan viewed outsiders?

8. Why did power-sharing not work in Japan?

9. Why were some Japanese eager to convert to Christianity at first?

10. Why did Hideyoshi decide to invade Korea?

2.08 Travel Journal


Answer the questions with notes from your reading as you complete the lesson.

1. What role did land reclamation have in the forming of feudalism in Japan?

2. What caused feudalism to change in Japan?

3. What are some similarities between feudal Europe and feudal Japan?

4. What are some differences between feudal Europe and feudal Japan?

5. What groups of people made up society in feudal Japan?

6. How was society structured differently in feudal Japan and feudal Europe? How was it similar?

7. How were knights and samurai both similar and different?



Module 2 Study Guide

Directions: Complete the Pretest! Then, complete this study guide. Remember, this study guide does not count for a grade. It is to help you understand the module and prepare for your Discussion Based Assessment.


2.01

What were the Middle Ages?

Please fill in the blanks while you read:


The history of ______________ had a similar period. For Europeans, the decline of the ____________ ______________ in the fifth century was the end of an era of innovation and protection. One thousand years later, Europe began another era of achievement, known as the ________________. But what happened in between? Did time just stop? Did people just wait around for the next great era? As strange as it sounds, at one time people actually thought the answer to these questions was “yes.” Because of this, the centuries between the decline of the___________ _________________ and the beginning of the _________________ were once known as the _______________ _______________. This time period is considered dark because only a limited __________________ record survived to shine light on the time bridging the two better-documented eras of the Romans and the Renaissance. But it is also the case that Renaissance thinkers wanted to draw a clear connection between their own time and the great learning of Ancient Greece and Rome. To do this, they had to ignore the long period of time that fell in between.
Medieval Hierarchy

Please match the term with the correct definition:


_______ 1. Deurbanization A. A common language used for international commerce.
_______ 2. Marauder B. The system under which a peasant was made entirely

dependent on the land and his lord.


_______ 3. Manoralism C. Decrease in the urban population as a result of

economic or social changes


_______ 4. Three-field System D. an economic and political system in which private

citizens and businesses, not the government, control the means of production in that country.


_______ 5. Lingua Franca E. a band of outlaws that raids and attacks villages in

search of valuables.

_______ 6. Capitalism F. an innovation of the Middle Ages in which one-third of the farmland was left fallow, or unplanted, each season.

Feudal Construction

In the square below, draw a map of a fief. Your map should include: a manor or castle in the center, smaller homes for the laborers, land for farming, woods, and streams for fishing.




Structure of Feudal Society

Please fill in the pyramid with the appropriate class from feudal society. Your key terms for the pyramid are: nobles, peasants, king, knights






Those Who Work, Serfs, Noblemen, Women, and the Church
True/False. Put a T for True and an F for false. If the bolded word is false, cross it out and correct it with the right answer.
______ 1. The majority of serfs, however, were villiens.

______ 2. A villein did receive wages.

______ 3. A serf could inherit land from a villein or become a lord’s tenant.

______ 4. In primogeniture, land and titles were inherited by the eldest daughter.

______ 5. Young sons of noblemen could become: a squire, a tradesman, or a priest.

______ 6. When a medieval woman, married, she was allowed to keep her dowry.

______ 7. Military service was the secondary form of occupation for men above the status

of serf.

______ 8. The knights code of conduct was called ‘chivalry.’

______ 9. In medieval times, the church was the center of society.

______ 10. At the time, the Protestant Church was the only church in Western Europe,



and it was very poor.

______ 11. Priests and monks were part of the laity, and ordinary, bapitized Christians

were part of the clergy.

______ 12. All Christians, be they lords or serfs, owed 10 percent of their income to the



Church each year. This was called tithing.
2.02 Rulers and Robes
1. Name three different groups that ruled Europe during the Middle Ages:
___________________ ___________________ ___________________
2. What are 3 accomplishments of Emperor Charlemagne?

Accomplishment #1:


Accomplishment #2:
Accomplishment #3:

3. Who were the Vikings?

4. What is the “divine right of kings”?

5. Who sat at the head of the Church?


6. What is a ‘friar’?
7. What was the ‘Book of Kells’?

2.03: The Crusades

Fill in the blanks while you read
The Holy Land sits at the intersection of _______________ _______________, near the birthplace of some of the world’s oldest civilizations. The Seljuk Turks closed the _______________ _______________ and attacked Christian pilgrims. Unfortunately, the _______________ _______________ did not turn out well. Nearly all of the _______________ were killed by Turkish soldiers. By 1097, all four armies had reached _______________, where they formed a combined fighting force that numbered nearly _______________. The series of events, battles, and movements that are collectively called the _______________ took place over the course of nearly _______________ years.
Fill in the information using the text:

The First Crusade:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
The Second Crusade:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
The Third Crusade:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
The Fourth Crusade:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
The Final Crusades:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
Respond to the following question after watching the video:

How were the goals of Saladin and Richard both alike and different?


The Childrens’ Crusades:

Who Led it:

When did it take place:

Where did it take place:

Was it successful?:
List 3 Impacts of the Crusades:

Impact #1:


Impact #2:
Impact #3:
2.04 Medieval Arts and Literature

Fill in the chart with key terms from the lesson. Each key term goes into one category of Medieval Art.


Key Terms
Benedict of Nursia Arthurian Legends flying buttresses

The Canterbury Tales Troubadors Minstrels


Gregorian Chant gargoyles Celtic
Giotto Hildegard of Bingen Cathedrals
Romanesque Religious themes Beowulf



Painting

English Stories

Architecture

Music

Christian Philosophy
















2.05 Guilds and Changing Economy

True/False. Put a T for True and an F for false. If the bolded word is false, cross it out and correct it with the right answer.


_____ 1. During and returned to a barter economy the Late Middle Ages, people stopped

using money to buy and sell goods and returned to a barter economy.
_____ 2. The Crusades and an increase in Christian pilgrimage encouraged both

urbanization and the expansion of trade.
_____ 3. In the High Middle Ages, traders known as merchants began forming guilds to

provide for their mutual defense and other benefits.
_____ 4. Most medieval towns and cities grew up around manorial estates to serve the

lords.
_____ 5. Both artisan and merchant guilds set standards of quality and other rules for

their members to protect buyers.
_____ 6. The rise of the middle class made it more difficult for peasants to escape

poverty.
_____ 7. To support the growing merchant class, a new profession of moneychangers,

moneylenders, and bankers emerged.


2.06 Developing a National Identity

While you read, match the year with the appropriate event.
Years: 1066 CE 1431 CE late 10th century 1337-1453 CE



836 CE late 15th Century 1200s CE
______1. King Alfred of England drives out foreigners from England.
______ 2. Hugo Capet unites France
______ 3. William the Conqueror takes over England.
______ 4. The Magna Carta is written.
______ 5. The Hundred Years War (war between England and France).
______ 6. Joan of Arc is burned at the stake.
______ 7. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella unite Spain.
______8. Christopher Columbus reaches the Americas.
2.07 East Asia: Medieval Japan

While you read, match the correct term with the correct definition or time period.
______ 1. The Ashikaga Period a. a title applied to the chief military

commanders in Japan.

______ 2. Confucious b. a form of polytheistic nature

worship.

______ 3. Daimyo

c. was notable for the dominance of bakufu

______4. Isolationism d. a popular drama of Japan

costuming and rhythmic dialogue

______ 5. Kabuki Theater e. author of the world's first novel.
______ 6. Mongol Invasions f. Chinese philosopher and teacher
______7. Murasaki Shikibu g. a great feudal lord, vassal of the

shogun.

______8. Noh h. a school of Buddhism asserting

that enlightenment can come

through meditation and intuition

rather than faith

______9. Regency i. the policy or doctrine of isolating

one’s country from the affairs of

other nations

______ 10. Samurai j. a form of Japanese theater

characterized by the use of

masks and deliberate movement

______ 11. Shinto k. resulted in Japan's rejection of all

things Chinese.

______ 12. Shogun

______13. Tokugawa Shogunate l. duration of a monarch's or government’s

power

______14. Zen Buddhism

m. prohibited any Japanese from leaving Japan. Any Japanese citizen who did leave would be forever denied re-entry
2.08 Comparative History: Eastern and Western
1. What does the term ‘land reclamation’ mean?
2. How did the tax exemption programs impact wealth Japanese families?
3. What was the job of a bushi?
4. What is a feudal system?
5. Which change marked the official beginning of feudalism in Japan?
6. What were the duties of a vassal?

Use the chart to compare and contrast Japanese Feudalism and European Feudalism.

You should describe the castles, how land was owned, structure of society, knights and samurai, etc.

Feudalism

Japan Europe





.
2.09 Discussion Based Assessment

Write your answers to the following questions. I will ask you these on the DBA.


1. How was society structured in medieval Europe?
2. What was life like for a medieval serf?
3. What are 3 lasting impacts of the Crusades?
4. How did the Catholic Church maintain power in Medieval Europe?
5. What is the significance of the Magna Carta?
6. What are two ways that Feudal Europe and Feudal Japan are similar? What are two ways that Feudal Europe and Feudal Japan are different?


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