CULTURE AND RECREATION
Dedham is an historic suburban industrial town on the principal southern
corridor of metropolitan Boston, and is the site of the earliest surviving
framed house in New England, the handsome 1737 Fairbanks House. The 10.7
square mile community received its grant as a town from the Massachusetts
Bay Colony in 1636, placing it among the oldest communities in the state.
Its colonial agricultural economy was expanded by industry only after the
town, in 1639, built one of the earliest water power canals connecting the
Charles River with a tributary of the Neponset River and creating
sufficient water power for grist and fulling mills.
The character and future of the community changed drastically when it
became the county seat for Norfolk County and the court house was built in
1796. As local historians pointed out, this brought in lawyers and
officials, trained, educated and ambitious men who changed the face of the
community by investing in and supporting industrial development. Woolen
mills were developed in Dedham and innovations such as power broadlooms
were introduced. By 1830 there were two woolen mills, two cotton mills,
four sawmills and five factories staffed by Irish and German immigrants who
made up 27% of the Dedham population. Everything from pianos to furniture
was made in Dedham, including famous Dedham crackleware pottery.
The town shows a rich and diverse architectural face to the world, with its
monumental granite court house of Greek Revival design, its Victorian
prison, its limestone Neoclassical Registry of Deeds, Romanesque Revival
public library and Renaissance and Georgian Revival schools. In addition,
Dedham has a remarkably well preserved town center, with many handsome,
historic houses of which the community is very proud.
(Seal supplied by community. Narrative based on information
provided by the Massachusetts Historical Commission)
Eastern Massachusetts, bordered by Needham on the northwest, Boston on the
northeast and east, and Canton and Westwood on the south. Dedham is 10 miles
south of Boston; 16 miles north of Brockton; 33 miles northeast of Providence,
Rhode Island; and 211 miles from New York City.
Total Area: 10.64 sq. miles
Land Area: 10.45 sq. miles
Density: 2,276 per sq. mile
(National Climatic Data Center)
(Blue Hill Station)
Normal temperature in January.....25.3°F
Normal temperature in July........71.2°F
Normal annual precipitation.......49.0"
U.S.G.S. Topographical Plates
Regional Planning Agency
Metropolitan Area Planning Council
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Main Number: (781) 326-5770
Telephone Numbers for Public Information
Form of Government
Board of Selectmen
Representative Town Meeting
As a town: 1636
Registered Voters (Secretary of State 1994)
Total Registered 14,201
Democrats 5,479 38.6 %
Republicans 1,530 10.8 %
Other parties 4 0.0 %
Unenrolled Voters 7,188 50.6 %
Senators and Representatives by City and Town
Home Sales (Banker & Tradesman)-
Town Stats - Free market Statistics
Subsidized Housing Units (DHCD 1998)
DHCD Subsidized Housing Inventory
Subsidized Housing Units: The number of housing units which count toward the municipality's 10% goal for low- and moderate-income housing. It includes both subsidized affordable units and market rate units in certain eligible subsidized developments.
Public Housing Units (DHCD 1999)
Conventional State: 319
Conventional Federal: 24
Rental Assistance(DHCD 1999)
State (MRVP: 16
Federal (Section 8): 217
TRANSPORTATION AND ACCESS
Dedham is situated in the Greater Boston Area, which has excellent rail,
air, and highway facilities. State Route 128 and Interstate Route 495
divide the region into inner and outer zones, which are connected by
numerous "spokes" providing direct access to the airport, port, and
intermodal facilities of Boston.
Principal highways are U.S. Route 1, State Routes 109, 128, and 135, and
Interstate Route 95.
Commuter rail service is available from Dedham Corporate Center and
Endicott to South Station and Back Bay Station, Boston. Travel time from
Endicott to BBS: 17-18 minutes; no MBTA parking. Travel time from Dedham
Corporate Center: 16-22 minutes; 497 MBTA parking spaces. Amtrak's
passenger service between Boston and New York City stops at the Route 128
Station in neighboring Westwood.
Dedham is a member of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
(MBTA), which provides fixed route service to Mattapan Station on the Red
Line, to Forest Hills Station on the Orange Line, and to Watertown Square.
Dedham Local Bus offers frequent service within Dedham.
The Norwood Memorial Airport, a Reliever (RL)
facility, is easily accessible. It has 2 asphalt runways 4,001'x 150' and
4,007'x 150'. Instrument approaches available: Non-precision.
CULTURE AND RECREATION
Board of Library Commissioners On-line Library Catalog
(American Association of Museums)
Dedham Historical Society
612 High Street
511 East Street
Telephone Numbers for Public Information
Recreational Facilities(Recreational sites and activities)
Department of Environmental Management Recreation Section
(Dept. of Public Health 1992)
Long Term Care
Eastwood Care Center
Hospice Community Services
Telephone Numbers for Public Utilities
(Department of Public Welfare 1994)
Refugee Assistance 0
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) - Aged 78
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) 158
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) - Disabled 203
Emergency Aid (formerly General Relief) 19
Food Stamps Only 87
DPW caseloads are compiled by zip code. The cases shown are for the zip code(s) in which the community is located, and may include cases for other communities with the same code.
The Department of Housing and Community Development would like to thank the many government agencies noted as having provided information for the community profiles. In addition to these agencies, the Regional Transit Authorities assisted with the transportation component of the profiles. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of many city and town officials, which enabled us to include information obtainable only at the local level. DHCD would also like to thank the following individuals for providing special help: Leslie A. Kirwan, Deputy Commissioner, Division of Local Services, Department of Revenue; Richard Shibley, Deputy Secretary of State; Bob Beattie of the Department of Public Health; Charles W. Clifford from the Martha's Vineyard Commission; Dennis Coffey of the Executive Office of Transportation and Construction; Donna Fletcher and Christian Jacqz of the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs; James Griffin from the MBTA; Karen Loh from Banker & Tradesman; Todd Maio from the Department of Welfare; Geoffrey Morton from the Election Division of the Secretary of State's Office; Stephen R. Muench of the Massachusetts Aeronautics Commission; Rol Murrow of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association; Mary Ann Neary and Emmanuelle Fletcher, reference librarians at the State House Library; Jeff Nellhaus from the Department of Education; and George Sanborn, reference librarian at the State Transportation Library.
NOTE: The COMMUNITY PROFILE draws information from a diversity of sources. The main source of information is listed under each section. In some instances comments submitted by the municipality were incorporated to correct and/or enhance the information obtained from the main source. However, no changes were made to those data bases which must be consistent throughout the state. DHCD has made efforts to ensure the accuracy of all data in the COMMUNITY PROFILES, but cannot take responsibility for any consequences arising from the use of the information contained in this document.