|Transcription of letter to an Unknown Person
Wash.15T Jan.14 (1814)
I offered to the Secty of the Navy your Chronometer at six hundred dollars. He thought the price too high, and that it could not be worth more than $400. However he said he wanted a more particular description of it and that it should be examined by one of the navy officers observing if it were really a very superior quality he would probably take it. You had better send an order to your friend in N. York directing him to show it to the person that the Secy may designate to inspect it.
Yesterday Bayard, Adams, H. Clay and Duprell(?) were nominated to treat of peace with Great Britain at Gottenburg. It is probable that I will be approved and in that case I shall embark at N. York for Gottenburg in about three weeks, perhaps (?). So that you had probably better address your letters to Mr. Bledsoe, relative to the above instrument.
There is a rumor (it is not however credited) that Bonaparte has beaten the allies and got back to Dresden.
Clay is here corresponding with someone close who is trying to sell the US Navy a chronometer. A chronometer is a highly precise clock that provides the current time at the Greenwich Meridian (0 degrees longitude). It is used, with a sextant, by mariners to determine their current longitude. The Secretary of the Navy referred to in the letter was William Jones of Pennsylvania (served Jan 1813 to Dec 1814). He also served as acting
Secretary of the Treasury after Gallatin left for Europe to treat with the British.
Clay, a War Hawk at the start of the War of 1812, is at at this time serving as Speaker of the House of Representatives and has apparently just been nominated by Madison to be one of the US Peace Commissioners to negotiate with Great Britain. The negotiation site at this time was thought to be Gothenburg, Sweden (Gottenburg). Gothenburg was later rejected because Sweden had a monarch on the throne loyal to Napoleon, which was unacceptable to the British. Neutral Ghent (now in modern Belgium) was finally chosen as the location for the peace negotiations. The final commissioners were; Admiral James Lord Gambier (1756-1843),
Henry Goulburn (1784-1856), Under Secretary for War and the Colonies, William Adams (1772-1851), Admiralty lawyer - John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) US Minister to Russia,
James Asheton Bayard II (1767-1815), Federalist Senator from Delaware,
Henry Clay (1777-1852),
Jonathan Russell (1771-1832), Ambassador to Sweden, and
Albert Gallatin (1761-1849), Secretary of the Treasury. The other candidate mentioned in the letter, Duprell, is unknown.
Transcription of letter to Major Richard Graham of St. Louis
Ashland, (Kentucky) 20 June 1833
My Dear Sir:
Knowing how much you are occupied, and Mr Dunnia(?) being charged with the payment of the Taxes on my land in Missouri, I have requested him to attend also to the payment of those of Col. Morrison. I have taken the liberty to refer him to you for the correction of the list, as I have erroneously been charged with the taxes on the lands reconveyed to W. Morrison.
Lexington has been dreadfully scourged with cholera. Not less I believe than 300 have fallen victims to it. Considering the number of the inhabitants who fled on its first appearance, the mortality has been as great then as any where in the U.S. not perhaps excepting N. Orleans. hitherto my family has escaped white and black, without loss; but, altho the pestilence has abated in the City, we shall entertain apprehensions, as the County seems to offer no effective security against its ravages.
Maj R. Graham With great regard
Major Richard H. Graham (1786-1858) (son of Richard Graham and Jean (Jane) Brent) was born 1786 in Dumfries, Prince William Co, VA, and died 1858 in St. Louis, Missouri. He married (1) Elizabeth Fox, (2) Jean Jane Brent and (3) Catherine Cecelia Mullanphy on July 1, 1824 in St. Ferdinand's Church, Florissant, St. Louis Co., MO, daughter of John Mullanphy and Elizabeth Browne. He served in the US Army, and was an aide to General William Henry Harrison and an Indian agent over time for the Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas territories.
As legend has it, in 1828, Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky was in St. Louis on a campaign visit. During his stay, he was invited by Major Richard Graham to spend several days at his farm. Upon his arrival, Senator Clay looked out over the orchards and well-tended fields and exclaimed to his host, "Ah Sir, this so much reminds me of Hazelwood, my Kentucky estates!" The story continues that after Senator Clay's departure, Major Graham called his own land Hazelwood Farms, for which Hazelwood Avenue eventually was named. In later years the title would influence the selection of a name for the Village.
Some sources state that the Scots settler, Major Richard Graham, who arrived in the area in 1807, named part of his land "Kinloch" after his holdings in Virginia. Kinloch is now
an all African-American town in north St. Louis County. It is also likely that Graham Road in north St. Louis County is named after him.
Transcription of Henry Clays legal indenture of December 19, 1829
The Indenture made this 19th day of December, 1829 between Henry Clay serving executor of Thomas Hart Sen(ior?) deceased of the one part, being of the County of Fayette, and Hezekiah Shulds of the County of Fleming of the other part. Witnesseth?
that for and consideration of the sum of twenty five dollars to the said Clay paid, the receipt where of he doth hereby acknowledge, and in value of the last will and testament of the said Hart, the said Clay Both parted? bargained and sold unto
the said Hezekiah Shulds the following _____? or parcel of land containing Seventy five acres lying and being in the County of Fleming, and bounded as following, to wit:
Beginning at a blue ____? and sugar tree, corner of Joseph F. Farrow’s tract, then
south 97 poles to a white oak and dogwood, hence East 123 poles and seven tenths of a pole, to a red oak in the line of the north and east lots of Mosby’s survey of three thousand acres on Fox Creek, thence West 123 poles and seven tenths of a pole to the beginning which said tract is part of the survey of Mosby, with the appearances? To have and to hold the said tract of land with the appentices?, to the said Shulds his
heirs and assigns for ever: and the said Clay doth covenant and agree to and with the said Shulds that he will, to the extent of the Estate of the said Hart in his hands to be administraed? warrant and defend the right and title of the said land against any person claiming by this or under the said Hart of Clay: and that if it should be lost by any other better or superior claim, he will repay to the said Shulds his heirs or assigns the said sum of seventy five dollars, without interest, as a proportion there of equal to the land that may be lost.
In testimony where of the said Clay hath his unto set his hand and seal the day and year first mentioned.
Signed sealed and Delivered
In presence of _____ H. Clay surviving
Exec of the Hart Ten?
This document appears to be a draft legal document or indenture written by Henry Clay in his role as executor of the estate of Mr. Thomas Hart deceased. As executor he has apparently sold a parcel of Mr. Hart’s land holdings to a Mr. Hezekiah Shulds for seventy five dollars. An indenture is a legal contract reflecting a debt or purchase obligation, specifically referring to two types of practices: in historical usage, an indentured servant status, and in modern usage and the case here, an instrument used for commercial debt or real estate transaction.
Transcription of a fragment of a letter to Anthony-Charles Cazenove
-------- I share largely with you in the hopes which the present projects affect of a change in the administration.
With great respect
I am your Obt Serv.
So little of this letter to Mr. Anthony-Charles Cazenove by Henry Clay is available it is impossible to know the subject of the correspondence. The gist of the letter’s final sentence does imply a political connection.
The Cazenove family dates to the 15th century in southern of France. Family members were Huguenots who sought refuge in Geneva, Switzerland, after the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre - 1572. Active in international commerce, branches of the family settled in England, Italy, Spain, and the United States
Anthony-Charles Cazenove, (1775-1852), merchant and banker, was the second son of Paul Cazenove and Jeanne Elizabeth Martin. He was born 1775 in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1790 he went to London to work for a time in the counting house of James Cazenove & Co. In 1794 he and his brother, John-Anthony emigrated to Philadelphia, to escape the French Revolution which had come to Geneva. He settled in Alexandria, Virginia. About 1795 he became a partner in the firm Albert Gallatin & Co. Gallatin, also from Geneva, was a prominent businessman, legislator, diplomat and US Secretary of the Treasury. In 1797, Anthony married Anne Hogan in Alexandria. They had nine children. Cazenove’s granddaughters married into other prominent families, particularly the Lee’s and du Pont’s. In 1850 his son Louis-Anthony Cazenove (1807-1852) bought the Lee-Fendale House (built in 1785 and still existing) in Alexandria. Both Louis and Anthony died in 1852.
The Mercantile Library Collection M-19 includes a letter from Senator John C. Calhoun to
Cazenove dated July, 1822, one to him by Senator John Crittenden, dated October 31, 1851, in M-25. and a fragment of one to him by Henry Clay in M-23.
- Daniel Webster - Wikipedia
- Autobiographical Sketch of Anthony-Charles Cazenove, Political Refugee.
Merchant and Banker, 1775-1852, John Askling and Anthony-Charles
Cazenove, The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 78, No. 3
(Jul., 1970), pp. 295-307 Published by: Virginia Historical Society (Book is on
the JSTOR site)
- Artisans and Merchants of Alexandria, Virginia, 1780-1820, Vol 1, - Google Books
- Anthony Charles Cazenove (1775 - 1852) - Find A Grave Memorial
- Lee-Fendall House - Wikipedia
- Albert Gallatin - Wikipedia
- Compromise of 1850 - Wikipedia
- Daniel S. Dickinson - Wikipedia
- Henry Clay - Wikipedia
- Major Richard H. Graham - familytreemaker.geneology.com
Anthony Charles Cazenove of Alexandria, Virginia, (1775 - 1852), Dorothy
Vandergrift Lee, 1969
Preserved the Union, Fergus M. Bordewich, Simon & Schuster, 2012
Albert Gallatin, Jeffersonian Financier & Diplomat, Raymond Walters Jr., Macmillan