The Paleolithic Age:
-Why its called this?
-What dates cover this period?
Surviving in the Paleolithic Age:
-How did people live then?
-What did they hunt?
-What did they gather?
Men jobs (list):
How did their method of killing animals change?
Women jobs (list):
What was relationship between men and women?
The Invention of Tools
-How did the way tools were made change during this time?
-What different types of sharpened tools were used, and give their uses?
What were needles made from and list uses?
Changing to Survive:
List several ways in which Paleolithic people adapted to their environment:
Fire Sparks Changes:
List the various uses of fire:
How did Paleolithic people start fires (list two)
Language and Art:
What were the advantages to having a spoken language?
Describe the early art work found in the cave.
Why might they have been drawn?
The Ice Ages:
What changes came with the ice ages? List them.
Ice ages define
How did the Ice Ages affect humans? List them.
The stone age – time when people used stone tools
2.5 million years ago – 8000 B.C.
People moved around in search of food
In groups of 20-30 members
People who regularly move from place to place to survive.
Buffalo, bison, wild goats, reindeer – fished along water
Wild nuts, berries, fruits, wild grains, green plants
Hunted large animals sometimes far from camp
-learned animal behaviors in order to hunt
-learned how to track animals
-used clubs or drove off cliffs to kill
-eventually used traps and spears to capture/kill
women stayed in camp close to water
-looked after children
-gathered near camp
An equal relationship between men and women
-both helped to make decision
-some women hunted in pairs with men (monogamous pairs)
the way of life for a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
-a particular way of doing something
-tools and methods used to perform tasks
-early – sticks, stones, and tree branches
-next – later tools made from rock called flint – which could be chipped to make sharp edges.
-later – flint used to make spear tips, arrow heads, - used bows, harpoons, fishhooks, early hoes from flint, rock scraping tools to scrape hides
-end of Paleolithic – bone needles for making nets and baskets, sewing of hides for clothing.
In cold climates:
-animal skins for clothing
-sought shelter in caves or rock overhangs
-later construction of tents and huts – animal skin, brush, wood, bones from woolly mammoths.
In warm climates:
-few clothes necessary
-lived in caves/huts for safety mostly from wild animals
Easy to get or use, present or ready for use
-to physically build or make something, such as a building
-warmth from cold
-light in darkness
-used to scare animals
-used with spears to scare animals out then kill/capture
-social gathering to cook and share stories
-cooked food easier to chew and digest
-smoked meat would keep longer
-friction of rubbing two pieces of wood together
-later used drill like pieces of wood to start easier
-striking rocks, pyrite, created sparks to start fire.
-used to communicate information and emotion
-makes it easier to work together and pass on knowledge
-used to express thoughts and feelings
to give information about something to someone by speaking, writing, moving hands, facial expression, etc.
-happening all the time or very often over a period of time
-staying the same, not changing.
-early cave paintings depicting herds of animals – usually no humans
-used crush stone of different colors to make paint by adding to animal fat
-used fingertips and twigs on early paintings
-later – animal hair brushes used
-maybe thought animal drawings brought good luck
-maybe early recording of group history
-maybe early form of enjoyment – earliest movie or tv show
-large sheets of ice covered the earth
-water level of oceans dropped as ice increased
-dry land was exposed making travel easier between Asia and N. America – land bridge
-People travelled over land bridge into N. Am. from Asia. –they eventually move southward in the Americas.
-long periods of extreme cold that affected all the Earth.
-cold threatened human life
-adaptations needed to survive-
-eating more fat,
-made warmer clothing using furs
-use of fire for warmth – saving energy