Topic: Causes of World War I



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Appendix

1.

Vocabulary list




A. Places (Noun) - country




Britain

Brit.ain

France

France

Germany

Ger.many

Russia

Rus.sia

Italy

I.ta.ly

Serbia

Ser.bi.a

Austria - Hungary

Aus.tri.a - Hun.ga.ry










B. Places (Noun)




Mediterranean

Sea 地中海


Med.i.ter.ra.ne.an


Central Europe

中歐


Cen.tral

Eu.rope


Bosnia and

Herzegovina

波斯尼亞 及

黑塞哥維娜


Bos.ni.a

Her.ze.go.vi.na



Ottoman

Empire


鄂圖曼帝國

Ot.to.man

Em.pire


Alsace – Lorraine

阿爾薩斯.洛林


Al.sace

- Lor.raine



Asia

A.sia

Balkan

Peninsula

巴爾幹半島


Bal.kan

Pen.in.su.la



Africa

Af.ri.ca










C. People from different countries (Noun)




Russians

Rus.sians

French

French

Italians

I.tali.ans

Germans

Ger.mans

Serbians

Ser.bi.ans

Asians

A.si.ans

British

Bri.tish

Africans

Af.ri.cans




Austro –

Hungarians



Aus.tro –

Hun.ga.ri.ans



Balkan

people


Bal.kan

peo.ple




















D. Causes of WWI




Imperialism

Im.pe.rial.ism

militarism

mi.li.tar.ism

Alliance

System


Al.li.ance

Sys.tem


Extreme

Nationalism



Ex.treme

Na.tion.al.ism



Armaments

Race


Ar.ma.ments

Race


Economic and

colonial rivalry



E.co.no.mic and

co.lo.ni.al

ri.val.ry

















D1. Economic and colonial rivalry (Imperialism)




nation

na.tion

tariffs

ta.riffs

Industrialization

in.dus.tri.al.i.za.tion

tension

ten.sion

raw materials

raw ma.te.ri.als

colonial expansion

co.lo.ni.al

ex.pan.sion



European powers

Eu.ro.pean pow.ers

overseas markets

over.seas

mar.kets


powerful

pow.er.ful

expensive

ex.pen.sive













D2. Extreme Nationalism

Pan – Germanism

Pan.Ger.man.ism

Language

Lan.guage

Pan – Slavism

Pan.Slav.ism

Independent

In.de.pend.ent

revengeful

re.venge.ful

tradition

tra.di.tion

National glory

Na.tion.al glo.ry

Foreign expansion

For.eign

ex.pan.sion















D3. Armaments race (militarism)

dreadnoughts

dread.noughts

suspicion

sus.pi.cion

Army

Ar.my

navy

na.vy












D4. Alliance System

Triple Alliance

Tri.ple Al.li.ance

Triple Entente

Tri.ple En.tente

diplomacy

di.plo.ma.cy

disputes

dis.putes



Opposing camps

Op.pos.ing camps

enemies

e.ne.mies


















E. Events leading to the War




Moroccan Crisis

Mo.roc.can

Cri.sis


Bosnian Crisis

Bos.ni.an

Cri.sis





Ultimatum

Ul.ti.ma.tum

mobilization

mo.bi.li.za.tion




Unlimited support

Un.li.mit.ed

sup.port


Austrian throne

Aus.tri.an throne




declare

de.clare

heir

heir













2.

Signal Words




A. Cause-and-Effect signal words




Cause

,so OR ,as a result

Effect

Colonial rivalry caused the Powers to gain colonies or areas to build up their empires

it increased tension among the Powers.

Nationalism caused the Powers to increase their national glory by expansion

it resulted in conflicts when there was a clash of nationalism.

The armaments race caused the Powers to increase the size of their armed force

it increased tension and made the Powers less willing to settle their conflicts by peaceful means.

The Alliance System caused the Powers to form two rival camps in Europe

it turned a local war into a general war.








B. Sequence signal words




Sequence

The 4 underlying causes

Firstly,

First,

colonial rivalry caused the Powers to gain colonies or areas to build up their empires

Secondly,

Second,

nationalism caused the Powers to increase their national glory by expansion

Thirdly,

Third,

the armaments race caused the Powers to increase the size of their armed force




Lastly,

Last,

Last but not least,

the Alliance System caused the Powers to form two rival camps in Europe










C. Signal words of purpose




Action

Purpose

France and Germany speeded up their industrialization process

(so that) they could become stronger.

(in order to) become stronger.



European powers began to impose high tariffs on foreign goods

(so that) they could protect their local industries.

(in order to) protect their local industries.



European powers began to compete for colonies

(so that) they could get more raw materials and a larger overseas market for their industrial goods.

(in order to) get more raw materials and a larger overseas market for their industrial goods.



European powers competed in building dreadnoughts

(so that) they could control the sea when a war broke out.

(in order to) control the sea when a war broke out.










D. Signal word for change of idea




Positive clause

but

Negative clause

Italy was a victorious power

she was unhappy with the Paris Peace Settlement.

Italy was a member of the Triple Alliance

she joined the Allied Powers in the First World War.

Britain was the strongest power before WWI

her power was on the decline after WWI.














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