Topic: Causes of World War I



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Task 6: Write a short paragraph about any ONE of the underlying causes

  1. Complete the table below

  2. Use the information in the table to help you write a short paragraph about any one of the underlying causes. (Remember to start with a topic sentence.) (cause and effect)

e.g. Extreme nationalism was one of the underlying causes of WWI because the powers wanted to increase their glory by expansion. As a result, there was war when they had conflicts.


Underlying causes

Meaning

Effects

Extreme Nationalism

The Great Powers increased their national glory by expansion.

It resulted in conflicts when there was a clash of nationalism.

Militarism

The Great Powers increased their size of their armed force.


It increased tension.

They were less willing to settle their conflicts by peaceful means.



Imperialism

The Great Powers tried to gain colonies to build up their empires.

It increased tension among them.

Alliance System

Two armed camps were formed. They were the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente.

It turned a local war into a general war.


Task 7: Write a short paragraph about the outbreak of WWI.
How do we write an essay?

1.

Start with writing a single paragraph

Short writing exercise: Write a paragraph describing WWI.

Look at the information in the previous exercises and textbook to find answers to the 5 questions below. Make notes of the answers to the questions. Then write out the answers in a simple paragraph. Add other information to the paragraph if necessary.






A.

B.

C.



D.

E.


When did the First World War start?

Which two alliances went to war?

What incident caused the war to start?

What happened in the incident?

How long did the war last?





  1. The First World War started in 1914.

  2. The two alliances – the Triple Alliance (Austria, Italy and Germany) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) joined the war.

  3. The War was caused by the Sarajevo Assassination.

  4. The incident happened in Sarajevo when Ferdinand, the heir to Austrian throne, was assassinated.

  5. The War was fought for 4 years.




Suggested answer

The First World War started in 1914. The two alliances – the Triple Alliance (Austria, Italy and Germany) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia) joined the war. The War was caused by the Sarajevo Assassination. The incident happened in Sarajevo when Ferdinand, the heir to Austrian throne, was assassinated. Austria sent an ultimatum to Serbia but it was refused by Serbia. Since Austria got help from Germany whereas Serbia gained support from Russia, this soon became a world war. The First World War was fought for 4 years.


2.

Give tips on writing an essay




  1. Plan your essay beforehand.

  2. Break down the essay into different paragraphs.

  3. Use short paragraphs.

  4. Remember to have only one central idea for each paragraph.

  5. Use topic sentences, connectives and signal words to help organize your essay.

  6. Give a concluding sentence at the end of each paragraph.

3.

Use a template to help students organize and write their answer for an essay

(Use sequence signal words to help organize essay)










Introduction








Content/Body

  • Opinion – first measure/reason/factor/perspective (First/Firstly)

  • Reasoning/explanation

  • Examples/evidence (if any)

  • Limitations/conclusion










Content/Body

  • Opinion – second measure/reason/factor/perspective (Second/Secondly)

  • Reasoning/explanation

  • Examples/evidence (if any)

  • Limitations/conclusion










Content/Body

  • Opinion – third measure/reason/factor/perspective (Third/Thirdly)

  • Reasoning/explanation

  • Examples/evidence (if any)

  • Limitations/conclusion










Conclusion







4.

Give the students a question to practise




What were the underlying causes of the First World War? How did the Sarajevo Assassination turn a local conflict into a general war?

Use the tips learned before to help them write this essay.






A.

Plan your essay before hand.

  • Read the question carefully.

  • Find the question word of the question. (What/How)

  • The students should be able to tell that the answer can be divided into TWO parts.

B.



Break down the essay into different paragraphs.




  1. Preparation for ‘what were the underlying causes’.

Use the completed exercise in task 6










  1. Preparation for ‘how did the Sarajevo Assassination turn a local conflict into a general war’.

Use the completed exercise in task 3B






C.

Use short paragraphs




e.g.

Task 6: Write a paragraph on one of the underlying causes.

Extreme Nationalism made the Great Powers eager to increase their national glory by expansion. It resulted in conflicts when there was a clash of nationalism.


Task 3B: Write a paragraph on ‘how a local conflict turned into a general war’.

In 1914, the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian during his visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia. With unlimited support of Germany, Austria declared war on Serbia. When Russia mobilized its army to support Serbia and France mobilized to support Russia, Germany declared war on them and attacked France through Belgium. Britain then joined the war to help Belgium and its allies. The First World War broke out.









D.

Remember to have only one central idea for each paragraph.




What is the central idea of each of the following paragraphs.




  1. World War I was a military conflict lasting from 1914 to 1918 which involved nearly all the biggest powers of the world.

  2. It involved 2 opposing alliances – the Allies and the Central Powers. The countries of the Allies included Russia, Britain, France….. The countries of the Central Powers included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria.

  3. World War I was triggered on 28 June 1914 by the Sarajevo Assassination. The Assassination was planned by a Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand.

  4. The War had many causes. A tangle of alliances was made between countries, to maintain a balance of power in Europe, which brought about the scale of conflict. The Bosnian Crisis angered Serbia. Countries were building their forces, arms and battleships. Countries wanted to regain lost territories from previous conflicts and build empires.




http://www.kidskonnect.com/subjectindex/16-educational/history/287-world-war-i.html







5.

Tips for teachers




A.

The short writing exercises can be done separately before teaching them how to write an essay.




B.

After teaching them the above, the students can be asked to complete writing an essay.
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