Topic: Causes of World War I



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The Use of EMI in History teaching for S3
Topic: Causes of World War I

Learning objectives:



Subject content

Language skills (Reading and Writing)

  1. Underlying causes of WWI

  2. Immediate cause of WWI

  3. Outbreak of WWI

  1. Vocabulary building in history context

  2. Writing from a sentence to a short paragraph and then an essay

  3. Active and passive voice

  4. Signal words of purpose, cause and effect and sequence signal words


Task 1: Identify the underlying causes of WWI

Read the passage and do the exercises that follow.



World War One occurred due to many causes. The causes could be classified into the underlying and immediate causes.
The underlying causes were: imperialism, militarism, nationalism and alliance system.
Imperialism

Africa and parts of Asia were points of contention among the European countries. They wanted to get more land and raw materials. The increasing competition and desire for greater empires led to an increase in confrontation and this kind of colonial rivalry helped push the world into World War I.


Militarism

As the world entered the 20th century, an armament race had begun. Britain and Germany were against one another. The German Kaiser ordered the production of new Dreadnought-class battleships. This created more tension between the two nations and helped push the countries involved to war.


Extreme Nationalism

In the late 19th century, extreme nationalism was popular among European countries. Different races strived for national glory. It resulted in conflicts when there was a clash of different nationalist movements.


Alliance System

Within Europe, a system of military alliances was established to provide European powers with a sense of security. Two rival alliances were formed. They were the Triple Alliance consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and the Triple Entente consisting of Britain, France and Russia. As a result of Germany’s build-up in naval resources, Great Britain was forced to abandon its isolation policy.


Immediate cause

The immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28th June 1914. The assassination occurred during the Archduke's visit to Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The German Kaiser, Wilhelm II, provided support through a telegram to Emperor Franz Joseph II. This telegram is known today as the "Blank Cheque." It was this reassurance that prompted Austria to declare war on Serbia, which set off a chain reaction of conflicts. Germany was also held responsible for causing the outbreak of WWI because of this. A harsh ultimatum was issued to Serbia. Austria-Hungary gave Serbia 48 hours to reply. Serbia agreed to all terms of the ultimatum but one.
Outbreak of the War

Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, Russia got involved to defend Serbia. Germany, seeing Russia mobilizing, declared war on Russia. France was then drawn in against Germany and Austria-Hungary. Germany attacked France through Belgium pulling Britain into war.



  1. Match the vocabulary in Column A with the meaning in Column B



Column A

answers

Column B

Alliance

C

  1. friendly understanding

Armament

G

  1. cruel, rough

Assassination

L

  1. state of being joined

Colonial rivalry

O

  1. being accountable for one’s actions or decisions

Declare

H

  1. direct reason

Entente

A

  1. group of people with a common culture, language, history

Harsh

B

  1. weapons

Immediate cause

E

  1. make known clearly

Imperialism

K

  1. devotion and loyalty to one’s own nation

Isolation

N

  1. become ready for service or action

Militarism

P

  1. the policy of extending power and influence of a country/empire in the world

Mobilize

J

  1. killing of an important or famous person for money or political reasons

Nationalism

I

  1. background of an event

Race

F

  1. keeping somebody or something from other people or things

Responsible

D

  1. the competition in getting more land

Ultimatum

Q

  1. believing in or depending on military strength and methods

Underlying causes

M

  1. final demands to be accepted without discussion

B. Crossword puzzle (using the vocabulary in the above passage)

Read the instructions below and complete the puzzle.
Across


3

Sarajevo Assassination was the _____ cause of WWI.

4

Archduke Ferdinand was killed in this _____.

5

Usually, if a country wants to have war with another country, she has to _____ war on that country first.

6

After the Sarajevo Assassination, Austria-Hungary sent an _____ to Serbia.

9

A word used to describe someone who is unkind.

10

In 1904, Britain and France had an agreement in the form of an _____.

11

Under the influence of _____, European countries looked for overseas colonies.

14

The Triple _____ was a kind of union between members.


Down

1

_____ was one of the causes of WWI. Peoples wanted to have their own country or to govern themselves.

2

Britain was a _____ empire with a lot of colonies all over the world.

7

To understand the causes of WWI, we have to look into the _____ and immediate causes.

8

_____ encouraged a country to build up arms.

12

To support their allies, the European countries _____ their military force after the Sarajevo Assassination.

13

Bismarck started the Alliance system because he wanted to keep France in _____.

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    1. Mind map showing the underlying causes of WWI

Complete the mind map by using the information from the passage and reference book.

Suggested answers
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