Topic 10 The development of the basic beliefs of Christianity: Paul’s and James’ Perspectives of Salvation


Step 3. Teacher goes further to discuss with students



Download 391.38 Kb.
Page2/7
Date02.06.2016
Size391.38 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7

Step 3. Teacher goes further to discuss with students:

  • What is the important role of religion in transforming and renewing one’s life? Teacher guides students to think and respond according to the following three areas::

  1. Religion is the direction of life, conferring meanings to life.

  2. Religion is the guidance of life, setting ethical standard for one’s behaviour, developing one’s character, and working out charity.

  3. Religion is the support of life, providing spiritual consolation and mutual care among believers. It supports one’s growth as well.


Step 4. Teacher summarises:

    • When people’s sovereignty of life is changed from sin to God, they are no longer controlled by sin but they will be ruled and guided by God. The change of sovereignty of life enables people to do good and say “no” to evil, granting them a new and eternal life through the salvation of Christ.

    • When people experience the change of sovereignty from sin to God, their values, attitudes and behaviour will be transformed and the quality of their lives will be enhanced.

Change of Sovereignty Extended Activities


Extended Activities:


  1. Teacher asks students to refer to Acts 9, 22 and 26 to identify the changes Paul had experienced before and after his conversion, and complete the following table.







Before Paul’s conversion

After Paul’s conversion

Values

(What was the highest value in his life? What was the goal of his life?)








Attitudes

(What was his attitude towards his own life?)









Behaviour

(What were his attitudes towards himself and others?)












  1. Teacher asks students to think about the following questions with reference to the above materials.

    1. What kind of change of sovereignty had Paul experience?

    2. What are your comments on the changes he experienced after his conversion?

    3. Why did Paul experience such tremendous changes?

    4. What was the role of Christianity in Paul’s life?




  1. Teacher can invite students do sharing in the following period. Teacher shows the DVD on ‘BBC Saint Paul’, allowing students to know more about the life of Paul and how the concept of “change of sovereignty” applied to him.

Change of Sovereignty Appendix 1




Appendix 1: Two News Articles
News 1

Student from HKU involved in circulation of sex clips arrested

A student from HKU lost his memory stick containing his resume and video clips of him having sex with his girlfriend. A student got it and spread the videos. A man was arrested.

Sources revealed that the owner had reported the loss of his memory stick to the police. A university student was arrested yesterday after investigation. The police spokesman confirmed that the 21-year-old student, who was suspected to be involved in the theft, was still in detention for further investigation. The video clips were circulated when the student lost his memory stick after doing physical exercise on campus. Soon after the memory stick was picked up by a student from another residential hall, the video clips were widely spread and even appeared on the Internet recently.

The Student Union issued a statement criticising that HKU students have no sense of respect towards the privacy of others. The statement also pointed out, “The incident has put the victim in a very difficult and embarrassing situation since his hallmates will definitely mock the victim. How can a university student bear such great pressure? If you were the victim, would you wish your private life to be exposed?”

Extracted from: http://hk.news.yahoo.com/080309/12/2q875.html

News 2


A truck driver fled after his truck killed a woman

A 23-year-old woman was knocked down and killed by a heavy truck on Shing Mun Road in Tsuen Wan this morning. The truck left the scene without stopping after the accident.

This morning at 7:08, the police received a report that a woman was found lying on 8 Shing Mun Road, probably due to a traffic accident. The paramedics rushed the woman, whose head and right side of the body were rolled over by a vehicle, to the Princess Margaret Hospital. She was certified dead upon arrival at the hospital. At the scene of the accident, the police could not find the truck involved in the incident. The hit-and-run driver left the belongings of the victim scattering on the ground. The braking track on the road showed that the woman was probably rolled over by a heavy truck.

Extracted from: http://hk.news.yahoo.com/080109/12/2mqeg.html



Change of Sovereignty Teacher’s References Material 1 2-1
Material 1: Paul’s Views on Sin


  1. Paul’s Views on Sin

    1. Sin & Righteousness (Romans 6:15-23):

  • In both the kingdom of sin and the kingdom of righteousness, we will become either the slave of sin (resulting in death) or the slave of obedience (obeying God and resulting in righteousness), depending on whom we surrender our lives to and whose commands we obey.







Slave of Sin

Slave of God

Life Style

  • Surrender oneself as slave to impurity and wickedness for unlawful purposes

  • Not being bound by righteousness

  • Do things that you may find shameful in the future

Difference in the destiny of one’s life

  • Result in ‘death’

    • Free from the control of sin

    • Result in holiness and eternal life




      1. The law of sin and the law of God (Romans 7:15-24)

  • The law of sin and the law of God are incompatible.

  • The law of sin, clinging onto man’s heart, is difficult to get rid of.

  • The law of sin drives people to do evil involuntarily and prevents people from doing good.

  • The law of sin inflicts people with sufferings and deprives them of the ability to do good.




  1. The general definition of sin in Christianity

  • Sin is defined as any thought, behaviour, language or state of mind that is against God’s law or His will.

  • In Greek, the original meaning of “sin” is “missing the target” (as if it were the centre of the dartboard), “the path deviating from righteousness”.

  • Sin is the intrinsic law governing people. All humans are sinful in nature. (Galatians 3:22)

Change of Sovereignty Teacher’s References Material 1 2-2


  • Sin is the wrong doings against God. Paul stated that “the sin and evil of the people” (Romans 1:18), in which “sin” refers to those who cannot obey God and do not follow His commands, while “evil” refers to those who are unjust to their partners.

References:



  1. http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BD%AA%E8%AB%96

  2. http://www.pastorlau.org/pages/sermon/Rom6.html。

  3. http://www.geocities.com/jpl68_99/p/note2.htm

Change of Sovereignty Teacher’s References Material 2 2-1
Material 2: God’s Salvation Plan


  1. Paul’s views on sin are as follows:







Scripture

Humans are sinned and are held captive by sin. God is perfect and holy. He defies all kinds of evil.

Everyone has sinned and is far away from God's saving presence. (Romans 3:23)


In the Old Testament, the traditional penalty for sinning is death. Hence, all sinners will end up being executed.

When you were the slaves of sin, you were free from righteousness. What did you gain from doing the things that you are now ashamed of? The result of those things is death! (Romans 6:20-21)
For sin pays its wage — death; but God's free gift is eternal life in union with Christ Jesus our Lord. (Romans 6:23)

How can people be forgiven? Someone must die as a sacrifice. Only through his blood can sins be forgiven.

Indeed, according to the Law almost everything is purified by blood, and sins are forgiven only if blood is poured out. (Hebrews 9:22)

Who is sinless? Whose blood is holy and pure?

It was the costly sacrifice of Christ, who was like a lamb without defect or flaw. (1 Peter 1:19)

God chose Jesus Christ, His own Son, to die for the humankind. With His holy and unblemished blood, humans are set free from the slavery of sin and live under God’s management.


For by the blood of Christ we are set free, that is, our sins are forgiven. How great is the grace of God. (Ephesians 1:7)
Then you should all know, and all the people of Israel should know, that this man stands here before you completely well through the power of the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth — whom you crucified and whom God raised from death. (Acts 4:10)

Change of Sovereignty Teacher’s References Material 2 2-2




However, it is very important for people to choose to get rid of the mastery of sin and become God’s servants.

At one time you surrendered yourselves entirely as slaves to impurity and wickedness for wicked purposes. In the same way you must now surrender yourselves entirely as slaves of righteousness for holy purposes. (Romans 6:19)

Therefore, through Christ’s death and his blood, people are redeemed from the mastery of sin and they can live under God’s sovereignty. This is a perfect salvation for all humankind.

But thanks be to God! For though at one time you were slaves to sin, you have obeyed with all your heart the truths found in the teaching you received. You were set free from sin and became the slaves of righteousness…But now you have been set free from sin and are the slaves of God. Your gain is a life fully dedicated to him, and the result is eternal life. (Romans 6:17-18, 22)




  1. In brief, Paul’s views on salvation are as follows:

  • Human beings are under the control of sin. They cannot restore the relationship with God by themselves.

  • God sent His Son Jesus Christ to earth. Jesus sacrificed himself and died on the cross to redeem humans from the mastery of sin, so that humans can live under God’s authority.

  • In the Old Testament, “redemption” was a process through which sin would be redeemed by offering a sacrifice as the atonement for sin. For instance, the Israelites offered the blood of sacrifices for redemption.

  • Paul made use of the concept of ‘redemption’ to illustrate how Jesus Christ sacrificed himself to redeem people’s sin so as to free them from the mastery of sin and to help people change their sovereignty of life from sin to God.

  • It is important for people to believe in Jesus Christ and choose to get rid of the mastery of sin and live under God’s authority.

References:

http://www.lsmchinese.org/big5/02new_believer/books/read.asp?file=10-909-003-39

http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BD%AA%E8%AB%96


Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 1 2-1
Worksheet 1: Who owns the sovereignty?
1. Please complete the following table with reference to the two news reports in Appendix 1. Put a  in the appropriate.




News Report One:

A University Student Involved in Theft



News Report Two:

A Driver Involved in a Hit-and-Run Traffic Accident



a. What have they done wrong?







b. What drove them to make such mistakes?

 Being selfish and only concerned about one’s own happiness and interest

 Being greedy


 Neglected the interest of other people and did not care about their life or death
Evaded responsibilities
 Disregarded law and order, and acted against justice
 Others: _______________________

_______________________





 Being selfish and only concerned about one’s own happiness and interest

 Being greedy


 Neglected the interest of other people and did not care about their life or death
 Evaded responsibilities
 Disregarded law and order, and acted against justice
 Others: ________________________

________________________


Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 1 2-2




  1. Have we ever been tempted by similar values and thoughts that drove us to make mistakes?

(You can cite some real examples)






2. Please complete the following table with reference to the exposition under Romans 6:15-18, 7:15 & 18-23.




What is the imperative that leads people to sin instead of doing good?






When people choose to follow their sinful thoughts, who has the sovereignty over their lives?







Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 2 2-1
Worksheet 2: God’s Salvation Plan
1. Imagine that you were an angel (i.e. a messenger from God). Which salvation plan would you propose to God so as to save humankind from the mastery of sins and lead people towards God’s sovereignty? (Consider “God’s Attributes” and “Nature of Humankind” explicated below).

2. Please put a  in the appropriate  to indicate the salvation plan that you would propose:



Plan a

Plan b


Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 2 2-2



Plan c


Plan d







  1. Which plan would you recommend to God as a means to save the humankind? Explain.







Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 3 2-1


Worksheet 3: Transformation of Life


  1. Please refer to the video clips of the testimony of Ngai Chi-heng and Lam Po and complete the following table:







(Ordinary people) Before Ngai Chi-heng’s conversion

(Ordinary people) After

Ngai Chi-heng’s conversion



Values

(What was the highest value in his life? What was his life goal?)








Attitudes

(What were his attitudes towards his own life?)








Behaviour

(What were his attitudes towards himself and others?)














(Serious criminal) Before

Lam Po’s conversion



(Serious criminal) After

Lam Po’s conversion



Values

(What was the highest value in his life? What was his life goal?)








Attitudes

(What were his attitudes towards his own life?)








Behaviour

(What were his attitudes towards himself and others?)











  1. What kind of change of sovereignty transfer had they experience?

Change of Sovereignty Worksheet 3 2-2




  1. Evaluate the changes in their lives after their conversion. Please put a  against the appropriate box □.

  • There has been a tremendous change.

  • There is not much difference.

  • Quality of life has improved.

  • Life has become gloomier.

  • Life direction has changed.

  • There has not been any significant change.

  • Their hearts are renewed so that they can do good instead of evil.

  • They live with new values and new goals.

  • They follow the new standard and behave well.

  • Their lives are more or less the same as before.

  • Their attitudes towards people and the world have changed.

  • Others:






  1. How did the change brought by their conversion benefit themselves and the people around them?







Change of Sovereignty Students’ References Material 1 2-1






Material 1: Paul’s Views on Sin


  1. Paul’s Views on Sin

    1. Sin & Righteousness (Romans 6:15-23):

  • In both the kingdom of sin and the kingdom of righteousness, we will become either the slave of sin (resulting in death) or the slave of obedience (obeying God and resulting in righteousness), depending on whom we surrender our lives to and whose commands we obey.







Slave of Sin

Slave of God

Life Style

  • Surrender oneself as slave to impurity and wickedness for unlawful purposes

  • Not being bound by righteousness

  • Do things that you may find shameful in the future

    • Surrender oneself as slave to righteousness

    • Obey the teachings wholeheartedly

Difference in the destiny of one’s life

  • Result in ‘death’

    • Free from the control of sin

    • Result in holiness and eternal life




      1. The law of sin and the law of God (Romans 7:15-24)

  • The law of sin and the law of God are incompatible.

  • The law of sin, clinging onto man’s heart, is difficult to get rid of.

  • The law of sin drives people to do evil involuntarily and prevents people from doing good.

  • The law of sin inflicts people with sufferings and deprives them of the ability to do good.




  1. The general definition of sin in Christianity

  • Sin is defined as any thought, behaviour, language or state of mind that is against God’s law or His will.

  • In Greek, the original meaning of “sin” is “missing the target” (as if it were the centre of the dartboard), “the path deviating from righteousness”.

  • Sin is the intrinsic law governing people. All humans are sinful in nature. (Galatians 3:22)

Change of Sovereignty Students’ References Material 1 2-2


  • Sin is the wrong doings against God. Paul stated that “the sin and evil of the people” (Romans 1:18), in which “sin” refers to those who cannot obey God and do not follow His commands, while “evil” refers to those who are unjust to their partners.

References:



  1. http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BD%AA%E8%AB%96

  2. http://www.pastorlau.org/pages/sermon/Rom6.html。

  3. http://www.geocities.com/jpl68_99/p/note2.htm

Change of Sovereignty Students’ References Material 2 2-1




Directory: attachment
attachment -> Travel Journal
attachment -> In the years between the Seneca Falls Convention and the Civil War, powerful links existed between antislavery and women’s rights advocates. Virtually all women’s rights advocates supported abolition
attachment -> Government Final slo review Name
attachment -> Rise of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust What do you know about Adolph Hitler? What do you know of Nazi Germany?
attachment -> Explain how freedoms for African Americans were socially, politically, and economically limited from 1865 to 1900?
attachment -> A deliberative Approach to East Asia’s Contested History
attachment -> Plir 3770. American-Russian Relations. Mr. Lynch Summer Session I, May 18-June 13, 2015
attachment -> Plir 4500. American-Russian Relations. Spring 2015, Tuesdays, 6-8: 30 pm, New Cabell Hall 287


Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page