To the native people of the plains



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NN5-A - LESSON 3
THE HORSE BRINGS CHANGE

TO THE NATIVE PEOPLE OF THE PLAINS

By Denise Koons

July 14, 2006


Grade 5: Language Arts and History/Social Science
I. UNIT OVERVIEW:
Students will read and analyze how the Plains Indian tribes adapted to changes with the introduction of the horse.
II. STANDARDS ADDRESSED:
A. History:
5.1.1 Indians adapt to nature
B. Language Arts:
2.1 Understand how text features make information accessible and usable

2.3 Discern main ideas and concepts, identifying and assessing evidence that support those ideas

2.4 Draw inferences, conclusions or generalizations about text and support them with textual evidence and prior knowledge
III. Text Resources/Materials Needed:


  • 500 Nations Alvin M. Josephy pp.358-363

  • A New Nation vol. 1 Chapter 3 pp.86-87



IV. Differentiation:
a. Materials: Pictures/illustrations, vocabulary cards, graphic organizer, class chart, high lighters
b. Teaching Strategies: Demonstration/modeling, index cards, wait time
V. Introduction:
PowerPoint presentation naming some of the Plains Indian tribes with photographs and illustrations depicting Indian culture before the 1500s.(Photographs & illustrations are from books listed above) Introduce vocabulary then have students match defined words to pictures on the board.

lodge teepee travois prairie nomadic


VI. Through:
Students work in groups of four. Teacher introduces class matrix (replicates student matrix) establishing directions. Chart illustrates the Plains Indian (Sioux) culture (before the 1500s and after the horse introduction, including homes, hunting methods, food sources and village locations. Students read text pages and resource handout, highlighting in yellow the Indian culture before the 1500s and highlighting in green the Indian culture after the horse arrives. See attached matrix
Students each complete their charts from the text evidence. Then each group completes an assigned part of the class chart such as “The Sioux Indians lived in lodges” before the 1500s.
Upon completing the class chart, students discuss the effects the horse had on the Sioux Indians. How did they adapt? Were their changes good or not? Was one area of their culture affected more? Support your opinion.
VII. Beyond:
Students write a persuasive paragraph: describing the Sioux Indian culture after the horse arrived and which change had the biggest impact, supporting their opinion.

PLAINS INDIAN CULTURE CHART
SIOUX






Before 1500

After the HORSE arrives

Homes








Hunting

Methods








Food

Sources








Village

Location









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