To revolt. Strong leaders and citizen support are usually necessary for successful



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From Adolescence to Independence: The Revolutionary War and New Nation

Road to War
UNIT FOCUS – focus is on causes of the American Revolution
CRITICAL UNDERSTANDINGS

  1. When citizens feel that their rights and freedoms have been violated, they are likely

to revolt.

  1. Strong leaders and citizen support are usually necessary for successful

revolutions.
UNIT CONCEPTS

  1. Revolution

  2. Debate

  3. Democracy

  4. Citizen Actions


ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY

  1. Revolt/Revolution/Insurrection

  2. Conflict

  3. Resolve

  4. Protest

  5. Debate

  6. Compromise

  7. Negotiate

  8. Boycott

  9. Treaty

  10. Amend/Amendment

EXTRA VOCABULARY

  1. Violate

  2. Promote

  3. Bicameral

  4. Legislation

  5. Consensus

  6. Executive

  7. Duty

  8. Arms

  9. Propaganda


I. WE’RE NOT GONNA TAKE IT!

Citizen actions can affect the outcome of conflicts



European Conflict

  • Beginning in the late _______ –________ and England competed for control of North America – Most ________ sided with France – series of wars for control

  • French believed that British were trying to take away their ____________

  • British believed that the French were stopping their ___________ west

  • _______________________ – 1754-1763 – England wins

  • ___________________ – 1763 – peace treaty ending the war

  • 1. French lose all of their North American territories

  • 2. England controls everything ____ of the ____________ – Spain controls everything _______

American Expansion

  • Afterwards, English colonists (___________) begin expanding west into the Appalachians and Ohio River Valley - _______________

  • Conflicts with Native Americans – Indians did not believe European treaties applied to them – would not give up land –________________________ - 1763

  • ___________________________ – British government wanted to avoid future conflicts

  • 1. Banned British settlers from moving west of the __________________

  • 2. Any settlers already there had to _________________

  • Caused great anger in the colonies and was widely ignored

  • These conflicts left the British in financial difficulty, looking for new ways to pay these debts

English Attitude toward the Colonies

The Colonies develop…in spite of England



  • ___________________

  • The colony existed for the economic benefit of the __________________

  • All trade _________ were dictated by the mother country

  • ____________________ were for the sole benefit of the mother country

  • Finished _______ were returned to the colonies and sold at a great profit.

  • An early version of ___________________

  • ______________________

  • England imposed little to no authority over the colonies.

  • Mercantilism satisfied England’s needs

  • Over time, colonists became less British and more American

Problems Begin

  • England had many ______ from French and Indian War – believed that the colonies should help pay for these

  • _______________________ – 1650-1696 – required colonies to trade primarily with England

  • Set taxes on some imported goods for the first time

Sugar Act 1764

  • British needed money to pay back war debts.

  • _______________________ – British Prime Minister

  • 3 cent tax on foreign sugar.

  • Higher import tax on non-British _______, coffee, _________, and Madeira Canary wines.

  • Resulted in…

  • Banning of importation of foreign rum and French wine

  • Local production increased.

  • Colonies begin to protest British taxation.

  • Increased _____________

No Taxation Without Representation

  • James Otis/Sam Adams/John Hancock – first colonial leaders to speak out against British taxes

  • 1. Otis –______ of the Revolution

  • 2. Adams –________ of the Revolution

  • 3. Hancock –________ of the Revolution

  • _________________ could not tax the colonies since the colonies had no representatives in it. This was unfair.

  • _________________________________ – spread info about British acts and how to resist them

  • _____________ – refusing to buy or use a particular good or service

Quartering Act 1765

  • England kept a standing army in the Colonies after the French and Indian War.

  • Act required colonial assemblies to house and provision the British soldiers.

Stamp Act 1765

  • Americans had to pay a tax on…

  • _________

  • Legal ___________

  • _______________

  • Playing Cards

  • Other Documents

  • Americans had to buy the special _______ to put on these

  • Tax equaled half a _______

  • “Most Vicious Tax” – affected everyone

  • Resulted in…

  • ________________________ – asked England to ________ Stamp Act -Declaration of Rights and Grievances

  • Repeal – get rid of or take back

  • Colonists’ boycott of British goods.

  • King George repealed the Stamp Act on March 18, 1766

  • ______________________ – secret protest group created in Boston – used violence to protest British acts – created by ________________

  • Colonists were never asked to pay any taxes that people in England were not paying – British were paying ___ times more – Colonists would have paid an extra ________ per year.

Townshend Acts 1767

  • Established a board of customs collectors in Boston.

  • _____________________ – search warrants for smuggled goods

  • Money from taxes paid salaries of British colonial officials.

  • New import taxes…

  • ________

  • Lead

  • _________

  • Paper

  • _______

  • Colonists boycotted all imports from England.

  • Daughters of Liberty

  • March 1770 - repealed all taxes, expect for tax on tea.

The Regulators

  • Western NC was increasingly unhappy with all political power being held by Eastern NC – corruption/Embezzlement

  • Tryon’s Palace – William Tryon

  • Regulators –_________________ who refused to pay taxes or follow state government’s laws

  • _________________________

  • Battle of Alamance – May 16, 1770 – Regulators lose

Boston Massacre

  • Sons of Liberty began attacking tax collectors – British soldiers begin arriving in Boston in 1768 to restore order - __________________

  • Boston Massacre – March 5, 1770 – five colonists are killed by British soldiers (Crispus Attucks – free black – maybe runaway slave)

  • Sons of Liberty used this as _____________(only telling one side of the story) against British

  • ______– favoring one side over another

  • ____________________ defended the British in court case

  • All but two British soldiers found not guilty – the two get light punishments

Tea Act 1773

  • Created to save the ailing East India Company.

  • The Company could sell its surplus tea in the American colonies.

  • The act retained the import tax on tea (Townshend Acts).

  • _________________ per pound

  • This Tax resulted in the Boston Tea Party.

The Boston Tea Party
December 16, 1773

  • Group of men disguised as Blacks and Mohawk Indians.

  • Led by _____________________.

  • Dumped _____ chests of British tea into the Boston Harbor.

  • __ million dollars damage

  • Second Boston Tea Party – March 7, 1774

  • Intolerable Acts – 1774

  • shut down ____________________

  • Disbanded Massachusetts ________________

  • Put Massachusetts under ____________ rule

  • – made colonists even angrier since it violated their rights as British citizens

  • Proposed total _______________ of British goods – (refusal to buy or use)

  • NC – Edenton Tea Party – Penelope Barker

No Taxation without Representation!”

_________________________________ - Meets in Philadelphia September 1774

First attempt to unite the colonies to protest British taxation

Boycott of British goods

No one yet willing to pursue independence








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