Title of video: The Odyssey video comprehension questions



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TITLE OF VIDEO:

The Odyssey


VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS:

1. What is an odyssey?

2. What are some important characteristics of Odysseus in theOdyssey?

3. What does Odysseus do at the beginning of his journey that causes his trip home to be so dangerous?

4. How is the theme of justice—that the gods punish wrongdoing—brought out in the Odyssey?

5. What is a myth, and what did the gods and goddesses of Greek mythology represent?

6. What does Penelope represent to Odysseus on his journey? How does she stall potential suitors?

7. Why is Odysseus treated as an outsider upon his arrival home?

8. How does the suitors' treatment of the beggar (Odysseus) seal their fate?

DiscoverySchool.com

http://www.discoveryschool.com
Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only. See next page for answers.





The Odyssey
VIDEO COMPREHENSION QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS:

1. What is an odyssey?

An odyssey is a long journey with many changes of fortune.



2. What are some important characteristics of Odysseus in theOdyssey?

Odysseus is a man who is brave, bold, a liar, and very human. These characteristics are important because they are both the cause of his difficulties and the reason he can overcome them.



3. What does Odysseus do at the beginning of his journey that causes his trip home to be so dangerous?

After blinding the Cyclops, Odysseus and his men flee the island. During his retreat, Odysseus tells the Cyclops his name. This turns out to be a mistake, because the Cyclops' father, Poseidon, is able to identify Odysseus and punish him for what he did by making him wander the seas.



4. How is the theme of justice—that the gods punish wrongdoing—brought out in the Odyssey?

Poseidon, god of the sea, punishes Odysseus because of his ill treatment of his son, Polyphemus. Odysseus had ignored the omens from the gods, and because he had shown arrogance and disrespect, the gods judged that he should be punished. However, Athena opposed Poseidon and supported Odysseus at every turn. She tried to make sure Odysseus became a better person than he was when he sacked the city of Troy.



5. What is a myth, and what did the gods and goddesses of Greek mythology represent?

A myth is an effort by the early peoples to explain the world around them. It is a form of history and sometimes even science. To the Greeks, the gods represented both the forces of nature and the nature of man himself.



6. What does Penelope represent to Odysseus on his journey? How does she stall potential suitors?

Throughout his tests and turmoil, Odysseus' goal is to return home to his wife, Penelope. She represents a beacon of hope for him. In his absence, she stalls potential suitors by claiming she will marry one when she completes work on a shawl. She weaves the shawl during the day—but secretly unravels it at night.



7. Why is Odysseus treated as an outsider upon his arrival home?

Odysseus receives a tip from Athena that suitors have been hounding his wife to remarry during his absence, so he disguises himself as a beggar.



8. How does the suitors' treatment of the beggar (Odysseus) seal their fate?

Homer reveals the suitors' social and moral depravity by centering on Eurymachus, who throws a stool at the unfortunate beggar. It was the Greek custom to treat all those less fortunate with warmth when they entered a Greek home. The suitors did not reciprocate with the same devotion as Penelope did when they entered her household.



DiscoverySchool.com

http://www.discoveryschool.com
Copyright 2001 Discovery.com.

Teachers may reproduce copies of these materials for classroom use only.


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