Title: Nature Name the three principals of the professional sport industry



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Type: E

Title: Nature

1. Name the three principals of the professional sport industry.

a. governance, management, and labor


Type: E

Title: History

2. Who broke the color barrier in pro baseball in 1947?

a. Jackie Robinson


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

3. What legislation allowed leagues (rather than individual teams) to negotiate network TV contracts?

a. Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

4. What exemption pertains to Major League Baseball but to no other pro league?

a. Sherman Antitrust Act


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

5. What rule in some pro sports places a limit on the total compensation that a team can use for players’ salaries?

a. salary cap


Title: History

6. What was the first team sport to employ professional athletes?

*a. baseball

b. football

c. hockey

d. basketball


Title: Unique Aspects

7. What piece of legislation allowed leagues (instead of individual teams) to negotiate network TV contracts?

a. Affirmative Action Act of 1964

*b. Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961

c. Sherman Media Act of 1960

d. Professional Athlete Act of 1978


Title: Unique Aspects

8. Which of the following is a distinguishing feature of professional sport?

a. the number of spectators

b. the tendency of franchise owners to abandon cities

c. the amount of money the athletes earn

*d. the interdependence of the teams


Title: Unique Aspects

9. What term did David Harris use to describe the notion that teams must, among other things, share revenues?

a. league thoughts

*b. league think

c. league stink

d. thinking league


Title: Unique Aspects

10. Workers involved in interstate commerce, including all professional sport teams except MLB, are covered by which of the following:

a. Sherman Antitrust Act

*b. National Labor Relations Act

c. Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1988

d. Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act of 1994


Title: Unique Aspects

11. What effect did free agency have on professional sport?

a. lowered salaries

b. lowered expectations

*c. raised salaries

d. raised expectations


Type: E

Title: Revenue Sources

12. What are the four primary sources of revenue for professional sport teams?

a. media contracts, gate receipts, licensing and merchandising, and sponsorship


Type: F

Title: History

13. Professional sport can be traced to ancient ________.

a. Greece


Type: F

Title: History

14. ______________ was the first team sport to employ professionals.

a. Baseball


Type: E

Title: History

15. What was the second professional sport league?

a. National Hockey League


Type: E

Title: History

16. Name three women’s professional leagues that have formed since 1996 and still exist today.

a. Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA), Women’s Professional Fastpitch (WPF), and Women’s Professional Soccer (WPS)


Type: E

Title: History

17. What served both to promote and to finance professional sport throughout the 20th century?

a. media
Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

18. What four aspects of professional sport distinguish it from other industries?

a. interdependence, structure and governance, labor–management relations, and role of television
Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

19. What central premise differentiates professional team sport from any other business organization?

a. the need for teams to compete and cooperate simultaneously


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

20. What components make up each professional sport league?

a. league commissioner; board of governors composed of team owners; central administrative unit that negotiates contracts and agreements on behalf of the league


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

21. Briefly explain the purpose of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

a. created to prohibit companies from dominating their respective markets by acting as monopolies and attempting to eliminate all competitors from the marketplace


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

22. Briefly explain why Major League Baseball was granted an exemption to antitrust law (hint: Sherman Antitrust Act).

a. The courts declared that baseball was local in nature, did not involve production of a tangible good, and was not subject to interstate commerce law.


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

23. Define free agency.

a. the ability of players, after fulfilling an agreed-upon number of years of service with a team, to sell their services to another team with limited or no compensation to the team that loses the players


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

24. Briefly explain the purpose of the player draft.

a. Designed to be an equitable system for distributing new talent among all league members, a player draft provides teams with poor records an advantage over teams with winning records in acquiring talented new players.


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

25. What has played a critical role in driving the popularity of professional sport and generating additional revenue for professional sport teams?

a. electronic and new media


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

26. Which media form has influenced the popularity of professional sport more than any other media form?

a. television


Type: E

Title: Unique Aspects

27. For what three reasons do professional sports need television?

a. to increase revenue, to enhance enjoyment for those who watch, and to increase the amount professional teams and leagues can charge sponsors because of increased exposure via TV coverage


Type: E

Title: Career Opportunities

28. Explain the goal of player personnel positions in sport organizations.

a. These jobs involve putting the best possible team on the court or field.


Type: E

Title: Career Opportunities

29. Indicate at least five positions available in the player personnel category in professional sports.

a. player personnel; medical, training, and team support; coaching staff; player education and relations; video support staff; stadium and facility staff


Type: E

Title: Career Opportunities

30. Indicate at least five positions available in the business-related category in professional sports.

a. ticket sales, corporate sales, game experience, advertising, promotions, community relations, media relations, database marketing, hospitality, ticketing


Type: E

Title: Future Challenges

31. Name at least one future challenge facing professional sport.

a. Maintaining labor–management harmony in the face of rising salaries; developing new revenue streams; meeting the challenges created by technology; dealing with globalization


Type: F

Title: Revenue Sources



32. ______________ revenues are generated when leagues and teams grant merchandise and apparel manufacturers the right to use their names and logos.

a. Licensing


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