Title: Cuban Missile Crisis Simulation



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Course: Global Studies


Grade Level: 9

Title: Cuban Missile Crisis Simulation





Lesson Summary: Students need to be familiar with the situations that the President Kennedy faced in terms of what he would do when the nation faced its greatest threat to nuclear war during the Cold War.
Estimated Lesson Duration: 1½ days


Preparation:

  1. Book one of the computer labs for the day that you would like to carryout the lesson.

  2. Inform students to meet you in the Library Computer Lab so as to cut down on travel time in the hallways.

  3. Pre-assign groups for the students to work in (can be based off of the Cold War simulation groups that have already been used).

  4. Bring a pair of computer speakers to the Computer Center to hook up to the “Instructor’s Computer.”

Instructional Procedures:



Day before the lesson

  1. Pass out copies of the Pre/Post test (Allow up to five minutes for students to complete it).

  2. Collect the copies of the Pre/Post test.


Day of the lesson

  1. Post a sign on your door reminding students to meet in the Library Computer Lab.

  2. Load the PowerPoint presentation into the “Instructor’s computer.”

  • Have students sit together according to their groups.

  1. Play the PowerPoint allowing time for the students to write down their responses to the scenarios using the group scenario sheet. (15-20 minutes)

  2. Pass out copies of the Cuban Missile Crisis Note Sheet (See attached) for the students to work on during the speech.

  3. After finishing the PowerPoint, use the digital projector to display the website of American Rhetoric (www.americanrhetoric.com)

  • On the left side of the American Rhetoric homepage, click on “Speech Bank.”

  • Click on the link that says “Get Speeches G-L.”

  • Scroll to the bottom of the page and click on the link that says “John F. Kennedy: Cuban Missile Crisis Address [TXT] [RA]

  1. Click on the RealPlayer Audio file and have the students read along with the President Kennedy Speech on their computers. (Approximately 18 minutes long)

  2. Review the information that was covered in the speech.

  3. Optional: If time becomes a factor, have students read or listen to the remainder of the speech and complete the remaining questions for homework.


Day after the lesson

  1. Pass out copies of the Pre/Post test (Allow up to five minutes for students to complete it).

  2. Collect the copies of the Pre/Post test.




Differentiated Instructional Support:

For those students who prefer not to learn by listening to the President, the transcript of the speech can be accessed and printed from http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkcubanmissilecrisis.html. The website also offers video footage of the speech, however, this is not supported in the Library Computer Lab. This can be used as a resource for those students who are more visual learners.




Extension: As you see fit, assign students work using this website.


Materials/Resources Needed:

  • For the teacher: PowerPoint Presentation, CPU, digital projector, peripheral speakers for the audio portion of the lesson, overhead screen, web connection, copies of the pre-test, copies of the audio transcript for students who prefer to read the speech (optional at the teachers discretion).

  • For the students: Notebooks, textbooks, pen or pencil.




Key Vocabulary:




Technology Connections: This lesson will make use of the American Rhetoric website. The site can be accessed at www.americanrhetoric.com. The specific link to the speech that the students will listen to is http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkcubanmissilecrisis.html.


Worksheets:

  • Copies of the Cuban Missile Crisis Pre/Post Test (to be given as best determined by the teacher)

  • Copies of the Speech Transcript (OPTIONAL) determined by teacher

  • Copies of the Cuban Missile Crisis Group Scenario Sheet

  • Copies of the Cuban Missile Crisis Note Sheet



Ohio Academic Content Standards:

Social Studies


Grade: 10

Standard: History

Benchmark: E

Organizer: 20th Century Conflict

Indicator: 8 (Explain how the Cold War and related conflicts influenced U.S. foreign policy after 1945 with emphasis on: …the Cuban Missile Crisis).
Library Guidelines

Grade: 9

Standard: Information Literacy

Benchmark: C

Organizer: Use

Indicator: 5 (Identify relevant facts, check facts for accuracy and record appropriate information).

Evaluation:


The Pre/Post Test will serve as the evaluation for the lesson. This should serve as a short-assessment for the students. The teacher can add short and extended response questions as needed.

Names of Group Members: ___________________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________

___________________________________

Global Studies _____°

Date: ___________________________________

Cuban Missile Crisis (Group Scenario Sheet)




Scenario #1

Option #1
Mobilize the military along the Florida coast for an invasion of Cuba.

Option #2
Meet with the Soviet Foreign Minister to see whether or not he will confirm the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.


Rationale:

Scenario #2


Option #1
Continue U-2 flights over Cuba to search for more nuclear missile launch sites.

Option #2
Launch a limited air strike to take out the launch sites in Cuba.


Rationale:

Scenario #3


Option #1
Put into place a naval blockade to prevent Soviet ships from arriving in Cuba.

Option #2
Launch a full-scale invasion before the missiles can be launched from Cuba.


Rationale:

Scenario #4


Option #1
Let’s agree to those terms. We have to ensure peace not only for the United States, but the world.

Option #2
We can’t confirm that the message is actually coming from Khrushchev, we launch our missiles first.


Rationale:

Name: ______________________________________

Global Studies _____°

Date: ______________________________________


Cuban Missile Crisis (Note Sheet)


  1. Why is it important for the President to tell the American people about the capability of the missile sites in Cuba?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. In your own words, what is the purpose of an offensive weapon and a defensive weapon?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. Identify two reasons why the President is angered over the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba.

    1. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



    1. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




  1. In the speech the President stated that “the 1930’s taught us a clear lesson: aggressive conduct, if allowed to go unchecked and unchallenged, ultimately leads to war.” Why do you think the President thought that it was important to mention this during the speech?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. The President lists seven (7) steps to be taken in regard to the situation in Cuba. Identify and explain the two that you feel were the most threatening to the Soviets? Explain.

Step # _____ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Step # _____ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


  1. What words does President Kennedy have for the people of Cuba? How does he feel their country is being effected by the Soviet Union?

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

N

6


ame: ______________________________________

Global Studies _____°



Date: ______________________________________

Cuban Missile Crisis Pre/Post Test





  1. When did the Cuban Missile Crisis occur?

    1. November 1963

    2. April 1961

    3. October 1962

    4. September 1955




  1. Who was the Soviet Premier at the time of the crisis?

    1. Stalin

    2. Khrushchev

    3. Lenin

    4. Brezhnev



  1. Who was the American President during the crisis?

    1. Carter

    2. Nixon

    3. Johnson

    4. Kennedy



  1. Who was the leader in power in Cuba at the time of the crisis?

    1. Batista

    2. Castro

    3. Peron

    4. Noriega



  1. Missiles in which European country threatened the Soviet Union much like the Soviet missiles in Cuba threatened the United States?

    1. West Germany

    2. Finland

    3. Turkey

    4. India




  1. Which of the following best fits the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

    1. The Soviet Union sent missiles to Cuba to use against the United States.

    2. The Cuban dictator was planning on using nuclear missiles to attack the Soviet Union.

    3. The United States removed its missiles from North Korea.

    4. The Soviet Union removed its missiles from Cuba.


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