Tin Pan Alley What is it?



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Late 19th Century

Tin Pan Alley

  • What is it?

    • Popular music publishing center of the world from around ___________ to the _____________.

    • Located in ____________.

  • Copyrights

    • Legal concept that gives the ____________ of an original work exclusive rights to it (usually for a limited period of time)

    • Concept begins in __________ century

    • Berne Convention (______)-as soon as an _________ work is written, that work is ___________ (wasn’t signed until ________)




  • Stephen Foster

    • Could have been a ____________

    • No “____________” enforcement of copyrights until after he died

  • 1890’s Music Industry

    • Controlled by the major _____________.

    • Major _____________ located in cities across country

    • Made their $ through “_______________” music

    • Smaller firms had the “____________” stuff

    • These smaller forms centered in…_______________.

    • After the American Civil War, over ____________ new ____________ a year were sold

    • By 1887, over 500,000 youths were studying ____________.

    • As a result, the demand for ___________ _____________ grew rapidly and more and more publishers began to enter the ________________

    • Song composers were hired under ___________ giving the publisher exclusive ________ to popular composer's works

    • ______ was becoming more of an ____________ than an art

  • Advertisement

    • Once a song was published, _________ ____________ were hired and performers were persuaded to play the new songs in their __________ to give the music exposure to the public.

    • Song Plugger: performers who worked in ________ __________ playing the latest releases, similar to playing new CD releases in a record store today

    • By the end of the century, a number of the more important ______________ had offices on 28th street between 5th Avenue and Broadway.

    • This street (28th) became known as “______ _______ _________”

  • History Behind the Name

    • A newspaper writer named __________ ____________ who while staying in New York, described the sound of the many _________ being pounded in publisher's demo rooms

    • He characterized this as sounding as though hundreds of people were pounding on _______ ___________.

  • Effects

    • A single _______ could now sell 1,000,000+ copies

    • Sheet music sold between ____-____ cents

    • Publishers started hire ____________ daily to turn out new songs

    • Birth of the “___________ ____________”

  • Business Boom!

    • By 1910:

    • 30,000,000 copies of _________ __________ sold annually

  • Beyond Minstrel Shows

    • End of the 19th century

    • Public interest moves from the minstrel show to _____________

  • Vaudeville

    • A series of performances on the stage:

      • _____________

      • Jugglers

      • _______________

      • Singers

      • Dancers

      • ___________ ____________


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