Timeline of Jefferson's Life



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Timeline of Jefferson's Life


 

 PUBLIC

PRIVATE

1735

 

Peter Jefferson, Thomas Jefferson's father, patented 1,000-acre tract which became Monticello.

1743

 

Thomas Jefferson born at Shadwell.

1757

 

Peter Jefferson died.

1760-62

 

Thomas Jefferson attended the College of William and Mary.

1762

 

Began study of law with George Wythe.

1764

 

Came into inheritance at age of 21.

1767

 

Admitted to practice law before General Court.

1768

Elected to House of Burgesses.

Leveling of Monticello mountaintop begun.

1770

 

Construction begun at Monticello. Shadwell burned. Moved to South Pavilion at Monticello.

1772

 

Married Martha Wayles Skelton. Daughter Martha born.

1773

 

Graveyard at Monticello established with the interment of Jefferson's friend and brother-in-law Dabney Carr.

1774

Wrote A Summary View of the Rights of British America.

Retired from legal practice. Inherited 11,000 acres of land and 135 slaves from his father-in-law. Laid off ground for kitchen garden. Daughter Jane Randolph born.

1775

Elected to Continental Congress.

Daughter Jane Randolph died.

1776

Drafted Declaration of Independence. Elected to Virginia House of Delegates. Appointed to revise Virginia laws.

Mother Jane Randolph Jefferson died.

1777

Drafted Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, passed by General Assembly in 1786.

Unnamed son born and died.

1778

Drafted Bill for the More General Diffusion of Knowledge.

Daughter Mary (Maria) born. Brickwork of first home (Monticello) completed.

1779-81

Served as Governor of Virginia.

 

1780

 

Daughter Lucy Elizabeth born. Began Notes on the State of Virginia.

1781

 

British troops at Monticello. Daughter Lucy Elizabeth died.

1782

 

Second Lucy Elizabeth born. Wife Martha died. First house substantially completed.

1783

Elected delegate to Congress.

 

1784-89

In France as Commissioner and Minister.

 

1784

 

Daughter Lucy Elizabeth died.

1787

Published Notes on the State of Virginia.

 

1790-93

Served as first United States Secretary of State.

 

1794

 

Began commercial manufacture of nails on Mulberry Row. Manumitted slave Robert Hemings.

1796

 

Remodeling and enlarging of Monticello begun. Manumitted slave James Hemings.

1797-1801

Served as United States Vice President.

 

1797-1815

Served as president of the American Philosophical Society.

 

1800

 

Dome constructed on Monticello.

1801-09

Served as United States President.

 

1803

Louisiana Purchase concluded. Lewis and Clark expedition launched.

 

1804

 

Daughter Maria Jefferson Eppes died.

1806

Lewis and Clark expedition concluded.

House at Poplar Forest begun.

1807

 

Oval flower beds near Monticello laid out. Shadwell merchant mill completed.

1808

 

At Monticello, North Pavilion completed and South Pavilion remodeled. Winding walk and flower beds on West Lawn laid out.

1809

Retired from presidency and public life.

Remodeling of Monticello and construction of dependencies largely completed. Vegetable garden platform completed.

1812

 

Garden Pavilion constructed.

1815

Sold 6,700-volume library to Congress.

 

1817

Cornerstone of Central College (later University of Virginia) laid.

 

1822-25

 

Monticello roof recovered with tin shingles.

1824

 

Historic reunion with the Marquis de Lafayette at Monticello.

1825

University of Virginia opened.

 

1826

 

Died at Monticello, July 4.








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