Time Periods of American History: a. Civil Rights Movement j. World War I

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8th Grade Social Studies Final Exam Practice Review (2)

Time Periods of American History:
a. Civil Rights Movement j.World War I

b. Roaring Twenties k. Cold War

c. Age of Imperialism l. World War II

d. Immigration/Urban Growth

e. Reconstruction

f. Closing of the Frontier (West)

g. Great Depression

h. Progressive Era

i. Age of Industry
1. - Period in American History between when the Stock Market crashed in 1929 and the start of World War II. It described the worst economic downfall in U.S. history, marked by reduced industrial production, business failures, and, at its' height, an unemployment rate of 25%.
2. - Period in American History (1920-1929) marked by many happy and exciting years which brought many changes to transportation, women's rights, African Americans, mass media, new consumer products, music, and alcohol consumption.
3. -Period in American History (1900-1920) that is characterized by political, economic, and social reform movements.
4. Period in American History characterized by the closing of the frontier (west). Disappearing will be the open range for cattle, herds of buffalo will all but disappear, open plains will be divided into plots for famers and reservations will be set up for Native Americans to settle on, ending their migratory ways.
5. - Period in American History (1941-1945) marked by changing governments, rise of dictators, and aggressor nations. The U.S. was drawn into the war after being neutral when Japan attacked the U.S. Naval fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
6. - Period in American History following World War II and lasting until the downfall of the Soviet Union in 1991. It was characterized by competition between democratic and communist nations.
7. -Period in American History marked by the movement of people from one country to another. Major causes were religious and political persecution and poverty in their homelands. Early peoples came from northern and western Europe. Later peoples came from eastern and southern Europe as well as Asian nations.
8. - Period in American History marked by African Americans gaining equal rights. Leaders like Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks helped this movement. This movement attempted to help African Americans fight discrimination, racism, and prejudice.
9. -Period in American History when America changed from a farming nation to a nation full of factories and businesses. This period saw the rise of inventions, factories, corporations, and labor unions.

10. -Period in American History (1916-1919) that was an armed conflict, fought mainly in Europe, and sparked by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand and the resulting involvement of European military alliances. The United States entered the war in 1917 to "make the world safe for democracy" and, partially, in response to Germany's practice of unrestricted submarine warfare and the sinking of the Lusitania.
11. -Period in American History after the Spanish American War (1898) when America took overseas lands. The U.S. annexed the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and Samoa. Americans also developed trade with China and Japan.
12. -Period in American History from 1865-1876 when former Confederate states were occupied by federal troops and controlled by the national government prior to their re-admission to the Union. Period after the Civil War when former slaves were freed, made citizens, and black males could vote.

Famous Persons in American History:

a. Carrie Chapman Catt

b. Eleanor Roosevelt

c. Cesar Chavez p. Geronimo

d. Thomas Edison q. Samuel Gompers

e. John D. Rockefeller r. Chief Joseph

f. Henry Ford s. Woodrow Wilson

g. Andrew Carnegie t. Wilbur/Orville Wright

h. Harry S. Truman u. Adolf Hitler

i. Teddy Roosevelt v. Franklin D. Roosevelt

j. Winston Churchill w. Dwight D. Eisenhower

k. Richard Nixon x. Thurgood Marshall

l. Mikhail Gorbachev y. Martin Luther King, Jr.

m. Alexander Graham Bell z. Abraham Lincoln

n. Jane Addams aa. Andrew Johnson

o. Colonel George Custer bb. John Wilkes Booth
1. -Leader of U.S Army troops who marched into the Little Bighorn Valley against over whelming numbers and were all killed by the Sioux warriors lead by Crazy Horse.
2. -Fierce Indian leader of the Apache nation who lead the last fight against U.S. military.
3. -Indian Chief who tried to win better treatment for the Nez Perce tribe and proclaimed after being chased down by soldiers and surrendering that “…I will fight no more forever.”
4. - Scottish-born industrialist and philanthropist who used his fortune, made in the steel industry, to finance the building of schools, hospitals, and libraries.
5. -Businessman and founder of the Standard Oil Company, an oil monopoly, he was known for his ruthless business tactics but was also a philanthropist, providing funds for worthy charities.
6. - Teacher of the deaf and inventor of the telephone, who also invented the early phonograph, and many aids for the deaf.
7. - The ‘Wizard of Menlo Park’, he had little formal education but had patents for 1,000 inventions including the incandescent lamp, phonograph, and the motion picture projector.

8. - His ideas for the mass production of automobiles included the assembly line and interchangeable parts. This led to better, more affordable automobiles for many Americans.
9. -Labor leader who founded and was president of the American Federation of Labor, he believed that labor and management shared interests and should work together.
10. - Bicycle mechanics who experimented with hundreds of flying machines, their first flying machine, powered by a small gasoline engine, flew at Kitty Hawk, NC, on December 17, 1903.
11. - Twenty-eighth President and leader of the Progressive movement, his Fourteen Points were supposed to be a basis for the treaty to end World War I which included the League of Nations. He had a stroke while campaigning for its’ passage.
12. -Leader of the woman’s suffrage movement and educator who was also active in the movement for world peace.
13. -First Lady who became the eyes and ears for her President husband during the Great Depression, she also championed the causes of the underprivileged.
14. -Social worker and founder of Hull House in Chicago that helped the poor and immigrants to improve their lives, she also later campaigned to abolish war.
15. -Twenty-sixth President who led the Rough Riders during the Spanish American War. He was a supporter of U.S. expansion and pushed for the building of the Panama Canal. The toy teddy bear was named after him.
16. - Prime Minister of England during World War II, his speech during the Cold War spoke of the ‘Iron Curtain’ that had descended across Eastern European nations controlled by the Soviet Union.
17. -Thirty-fourth President and commander-in-chief of Allied forces during World War II, he helped to plan the D-Day invasion (‘Operation Overlord’) to re-take Europe.
18. -Thirty-third President. He became President after FDR died in office and approved the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end World War II.
19. -Thirty-second President, elected four times, who lead the United States during the Great Depression and World War II. He created the New Deal to meet the problems of the Depression.
20. - Dictator and leader of the Nazi Party during World War II; his attempted extermination of the Jewish people in World War II was called the Holocaust. He committed suicide at the end of the war to prevent his capture.
21. -Religious leader and civil rights activist who urged non violent civil disobedience in the black struggle for equality.

22. -Thirty-seventh President who reduced U.S. involvement in Vietnam and opened ties to China. When his Watergate cover-up was exposed, he became the first President to resign from office.
23. -Soviet leader whose policies of "glasnost" and "perestroika" were aimed at reforming his country’s economy and political system. This led to the break-up of the Soviet Union.
24. -An African American lawyer, civil rights activist, and Supreme Court Justice. As chief attorney for the NAACP, his victory in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka ended the ‘separate but equal’ argument that was used for the segregation of races for over 50 years.
25. -Hispanic labor organizer who founded the United Farm Workers to force growers to improve the working conditions for migrant workers

26. -was the person who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln.
27. -was the President of the United States during the Civil War and who wanted to treat the South with leniency after the war.
28. -became President after President Lincoln was killed and was impeached by the Radical Republicans in Congress.

2015 edition

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