This week's lesson activities instructor ratchada Scott date class level b-beginning Basic Education Length of Unit 5 days Length of each lesson 2 hours/lesson



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THIS WEEK'S LESSON ACTIVITIES

INSTRUCTOR__Ratchada Scott______ DATE___________ CLASS LEVEL__ B-Beginning Basic Education ___

Length of Unit ______5 days____ Length of each lesson ___2 hours/lesson___

Topic: Close Read

Cleopatra

From ESL Readingsmart.com




Lesson Objectives:

The students will:

1) Describe who Cleopatra is and be able to retell about her life.

2) Work collaboratively together, read aloud, and participate in discussions about Cleopatra.

3) Identify evidence from the text to answer text-dependent questions.

4) Develop a three paragraph paper about Cleopatra.





CCR Standards Aligned to this Lesson:
RI/RL.2.1; RI.3.2; RI.3.3; RI.3.4; RI.3.7; RI.2.8; W.3.1; W.3.2; W.3.4; W.3.5; SL.3.1; SL.3.2; SL.3.4; SL.3.6; L.K.1&1.1; L.2.1&3.1; L.2.2&3.2; L.3.3; RF.K.2&1.2; RF2.4&3.4;


Reading: (to include text dependent questions and pre-reading strategies as needed, such as vocabulary, grammar, spelling, phonics, sentence structure)

Vocabulary: strong-willed, pharaohs, dynasty, ancestry, encouraged, educate, intelligent, mathematics, female, prohibited, royal, pure, exile, supported, meantime, army, knowledge, fascinated, cleverness, relationship, ally, goddess, enraged, traitor, betrayed, murdered, entrance, decorate, marry, attacked, defeated, revenge, declared, mausoleum, sword, distraught, successful, achieved

Grammar Points: past perfect tense

Sentence Structure: compound verbs

Text Dependent Questions

Possible Student Answers

Who is Cleopatra? Where was she born?

Line 3; Cleopatra was a strong-willed Egyptian queen. Her dream was to create a great empire.

Line 7; Cleopatra VII was born in 69 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt.



When did Cleopatra become queen of Egypt?

Line 17; Cleopatra became queen at the age of seventeen.

What does “consort” mean? Why is it important for Cleopatra to have a consort?

Lines 20-22; By law, Cleopatra had to have a consort, or husband. In order to keep the royal line pure, the consort had to be either a brother or a son.

Why did Cleopatra leave Alexandria? Who took the control of Alexandria after she left?

Lines 28-29; There were many people in Alexandria who supported Ptolemy. Because of this, Cleopatra and her sister, Arsinoe IV, ran away to Thebaid.

Lines 32-34; The Roman army had started taking control of parts of Egypt. Julius Caesar, the ruler of Rome, arrived in Alexandria.



How did Cleopatra get back to Alexandria? And what happened with Julius Casear and Cleopatra after she went back?

Lines 38-43; Cleopatra had heard that Julius Casear was in control of Alexandria. She thought of a plan to get back into Alexandria without her brother’s knowledge. She sent Julius Caesar a rug but asked that the rug be unrolled only in front of him. As the slaves unrolled the rug, Cleopatra appeared. She had been hiding in the rolled-up rug all the time. Julius was very surprised. He was fascinated by Cleopatra’s cleverness. Soon after, Cleopatra and Julius started having a love relationship. Julius was certain that Cleopatra would become an ally to Rome.

What did you learn about “Cleopatra goes to Rome”?

Lines 51-61; In 47 B.C., Cleopatra had a baby boy, Ptolemy Caesar. After their son was born, Cleopatra went to Rome with Julius. Cleopatra had given herself a new title, “New Isis,” which means “New Goddess.” This enraged the people of Rome.

The Romans began to think of Julius Caesar as a traitor. First, he had not been true to his wife and family by having a love relationship with Cleopatra. They also felt he had betrayed his country. In 44 B.C., Julius was murdered in Rome. Cleopatra had no time to think about his death. She got out of Rome quickly and returned to Alexandria. Upon arriving in Alexandria, Cleopatra had Ptolemy XIV killed. She made her son, Ptolemy Caesar, her consort.



Who is Mark Antony?

Lines 65-82; Mark Antony ruled one of the three regions of the Roman Empire. He fell in love with Cleopatra and they had three children together. He also gave back the Egyptian land that Rome had taken to Cleopatra.

How did Cleopatra die and why?

Lines 86-97; Octovian wanted revenge because Mark left his sister and her children to be with Cleopatra. So, he declared war on Cleopatra. Octovian defeated Mark’s army and Cleopatra ran away to hide in a mausoleum. Mark thought Cleopatra had been killed, so he killed himself. After Cleopatra got caught and knew that Mark died, she also killed herself.

What text structure does the author use?

The author uses sequence and description.




Writing:
Students will summarize the reading about Cleopatra into three paragraphs. Students will write the first drafts, do peer-reviews, and revise their paper.
Paragraph one may include the following:

Lines 3-24: Early life and The Ruler of Egypt


Paragraph two may include the following:

Lines : 26-48: Cleopatra leaves Alexandria and Cleopatra goes back to Alexandria


Paragraph three may include the following:

Lines 49-97: Cleopatra goes to Rome, Mark Antony, and Mark Antony and Cleopatra are defeated




Listening/Speaking:
The whole class will watch a short documentary about Cleopatra after reading the passage. http://www.biography.com/people/cleopatra-vii-9250984#awesm=~oFw2qIOPTiHaZt In groups (3-4 students), students will discuss and compare the information from the video and the passage. The whole class will role-play about Cleopatra’s life. There are seven parts of her life in the reading. Teacher can separate students into seven groups (If there are not many students in the class, the whole class can do the role-play together.) Each group will retell Cleopatra story and role-play.


How I will scaffold my lessons to reach all of my students' levels:


  • Show students the maps of Alexandria, Egypt, Rome, Italy, Tarsus, Turkey, and Syria to help students understand where the story took placed.

  • Each group will write Cleopatra’s timeline to show their understanding of the passage and include illustrations in each period of Cleopatra’s life.

  • In pairs, students will practice reading aloud together.

  • Students will underline the vocabulary and teacher will explain and provide students with lots of examples.

  • Explain students about B.C. and A.D. to help students understand the historical timeline. http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=269910




How I will assess my students' mastery of the lessons:


  • Teacher will review and check students’ writing for grammar, spelling, and punctuations.

  • Observe ongoing discussions and activities and ask open ended questions to check understanding.

  • The whole class will retell Cleopatra’s life. The first student will start by saying a sentence and the next student will continue the story by saying a sentence. The story will continue by going around the classroom until it ends.




Suggested Five Day Plan:
Day One: The whole class reads the passage aloud. Each student takes turn reading one sentence at a time until the last sentence. Teacher explains vocabulary including B.C. and A.D. and provides examples. Teacher also shows maps of Egypt, Italy, Turkey, and Syria.
Day Two: Teacher teaches grammar point. In groups, students read the passage together, discuss and answer text-dependent questions.
Day Three: The whole class watches a documentary about the life of Cleopatra. Students do a role-play.
Day Four: Each student summarizes the passage. Do a peer-review and revise the paper.
Day Five: Teacher checks students’ writing. Each group writes Cleopatra’s timeline and includes pictures in each period and present to the class.

Sources: 1. www.eslreadingsmart.com

2. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/compoundverb.htm

3. http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pastperfect.html

4. http://www.biography.com/people/cleopatra-vii-9250984#awesm=~oFw2qIOPTiHaZt

5. http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=269910


The Compound Verb

Recognize a compound verb when you see one.


Every subject in a sentence must have at least one verb. But that doesn't mean that a subject can have only one verb. Some subjects are greedy as far as verbs go. A greedy subject can have two, three, four, or more verbs all to itself. When a subject has two or more verbs, you can say that the subject has a compound verb. Check out the following examples:

Before mixing the ingredients for his world-famous cookies, Bobby swatted a fly buzzing around the kitchen.



Bobby = subject; swatted = verb.

Before mixing the ingredients for his world-famous cookies, Bobby swatted a fly buzzing around the kitchen and crushed a cockroach scurrying across the floor.



Bobby = subject; swatted, crushed = compound verb.

Before mixing the ingredients for his world-famous cookies, Bobby swatted a fly buzzing around the kitchen, crushed a cockroach scurrying across the floor, shooed the cat off the counter, picked his nose, scratched his armpit, licked his fingers, and sneezed.



Bobby = subject; swatted, crushed, shooed, picked, scratched, licked, sneezed = compound verb.

Past Perfect


[had + past participle]

Examples:



  • You had studied English before you moved to New York.

  • Had you studied English before you moved to New York?

  • You had not studied English before you moved to New York.

Complete List of Past Perfect Forms

USE 1 Completed Action Before Something in the Past


http://www.englishpage.com/images/verbs/pastperfect.gif

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.

Examples:


  • I had never seen such a beautiful beach before I went to Kauai.

  • I did not have any money because I had lost my wallet.

  • Tony knew Istanbul so well because he had visited the city several times.

  • Had Susan ever studied Thai before she moved to Thailand?

  • She only understood the movie because she had read the book.

  • Kristine had never been to an opera before last night.

  • We were not able to get a hotel room because we had not booked in advance.

  • A: Had you ever visited the U.S. before your trip in 2006?
    B: Yes, I had been to the U.S. once before.

USE 2 Duration Before Something in the Past (Non-Continuous Verbs)


http://www.englishpage.com/images/verbs/pastperfectcontinuous.gif

With Non-Continuous Verbs and some non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, we use the Past Perfect to show that something started in the past and continued up until another action in the past.

Examples:


  • We had had that car for ten years before it broke down.

  • By the time Alex finished his studies, he had been in London for over eight years.

  • They felt bad about selling the house because they had owned it for more than forty years.

Although the above use of Past Perfect is normally limited to Non-Continuous Verbs and non-continuous uses of Mixed Verbs, the words "live," "work," "teach," and "study" are sometimes used in this way even though they are NOT Non-Continuous Verbs.

IMPORTANT Specific Times with the Past Perfect


http://www.englishpage.com/images/verbs/simplepastspecific.gif

Unlike with the Present Perfect, it is possible to use specific time words or phrases with the Past Perfect. Although this is possible, it is usually not necessary.

Example:


  • She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

MOREOVER


If the Past Perfect action did occur at a specific time, the Simple Past can be used instead of the Past Perfect when "before" or "after" is used in the sentence. The words "before" and "after" actually tell you what happens first, so the Past Perfect is optional. For this reason, both sentences below are correct.

Examples:



  • She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

  • She visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

HOWEVER


http://www.englishpage.com/images/verbs/pastperfect.gif

If the Past Perfect is not referring to an action at a specific time, Past Perfect is not optional. Compare the examples below. Here Past Perfect is referring to a lack of experience rather than an action at a specific time. For this reason, Simple Past cannot be used.

Examples:


  • She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska. Not Correct

  • She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska. Correct

ADVERB PLACEMENT


The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:



  • You had previously studied English before you moved to New York.

  • Had you previously studied English before you moved to New York?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE


Examples:

  • George had repaired many cars before he received his mechanic's license. Active

  • Many cars had been repaired by George before he received his mechanic's license. Passive



Cleopatra
Cleopatra was a strong-willed Egyptian queen. Her dream was to create a great empire.
Early Life
Cleopatra VII was born in 69 B.C. in Alexandria, Egypt, many years after the era of the pharaohs had passed. She had three sisters and two brothers. Her father was ruler of Egypt. His family, the Ptolemaic Dynasty, had ruled for 300 years. Her ancestry was Greek.
Cleopatra’s father encouraged her to educate herself. She could speak nine languages and was very intelligent. Cleopatra loved to read about mathematics and science.
The Ruler of Egypt
In 51 B.C., Cleopatra’s father died. He left the Ptolemaic Dynasty to Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIII. Cleopatra became queen at the age of seventeen. She was the youngest female ever to rule.
Cleopatra was determined to rule alone, but Egyptian law prohibited it. By law, Cleopatra had to have a consort, or husband. In order to keep the royal line pure, the consort had to be either a brother or a son. Cleopatra married her 12-year-old brother Ptolemy XIII. However, she did not include her brother’s name on important papers and would not include his picture on money. Ptolemy was very angry and planned to exile Cleopatra.
Cleopatra Leaves Alexandria
There were many people in Alexandria who supported Ptolemy. Because of this, Cleopatra and her sister, Arsinoe IV, ran away to Thebaid.
In Thebaid, Cleopatra raised an army. She wanted to return to Alexandria and remove Ptolemy. Meantime, the Roman army had started taking control of parts of Egypt. Julius Caesar, the ruler of Rome, arrived in Alexandria. Because of this, Ptolemy ran way. Julius Caesar, though, got Ptolemy to go back to Alexandria.
Cleopatra Goes Back to Alexandria
Cleopatra had heard that Julius Casear was in control of Alexandria. She thought of a plan to get back into Alexandria without her brother’s knowledge. She sent Julius Caesar a rug but asked that the rug be unrolled only in front of him. As the slaves unrolled the rug, Cleopatra appeared. She had been hiding in the rolled-up rug all the time. Julius was very surprised. He was fascinated by Cleopatra’s cleverness. Soon after, Cleopatra and Julius started having a love relationship. Julius was certain that Cleopatra would become an ally to Rome.
When Ptolemy found out that Cleopatra and Julius were together, he knew he had been tricked. He tried to fight to get control of Alexandria, but he died in the fighting.

Julius named Cleopatra as Queen. To keep the royal line in the family, Cleopatra married her youngest brother, Ptolemy XIV. Even so, she continued her relationship with Julius Caesar.



Cleopatra Goes to Rome
In 47 B.C., Cleopatra had a baby boy, Ptolemy Caesar. After their son was born, Cleopatra went to Rome with Julius. Cleopatra had given herself a new title, “New Isis,” which means “New Goddess.” This enraged the people of Rome.
The Romans began to think of Julius Caesar as a traitor. First, he had not been true to his wife and family by having a love relationship with Cleopatra. They also felt he had betrayed his country. In 44 B.C., Julius was murdered in Rome. Cleopatra had no time to think about his death. She got out of Rome quickly and returned to Alexandria.
Upon arriving in Alexandria, Cleopatra had Ptolemy XIV killed. She made her son, Ptolemy Caesar, her consort.
Mark Antony
After the death of Julius Caesar, the Roman Empire was divided into three regions. The three regions were ruled by Mark Antony, Octavian (Augustus), and Lepidus. Cleopatra wanted Mark Antony as an ally, but he thought Cleopatra was an enemy of Rome.

Mark Antony asked Cleopatra to meet him in Tarsus. Cleopatra knew she had to impress Mark. She planned a grand entrance into Tarsus by having her slaves decorate a boat. When the boat arrived in Tarsus, Cleopatra appeared.


Mark Antony soon fell in love with her, but he had already agreed to marry Octavian’s sister, Octavia. Mark did marry Octavia, but he also kept seeing Cleopatra. Soon, twins were born to Cleopatra and Mark Antony. She named the boy Alexander Helios and the girl Cleopatra Selene. Not long after, Mark and Cleopatra got married. Cleopatra felt she had a great ally. She was happy because she believed Egypt would always be protected by Mark Antony and his army.
To show his love to Cleopatra, Mark gave back the Egyptian land that Rome had taken. To prove her love, she built great ships for Mark’s army. In 36 B.C., Mark and his army attacked the Parthians, but they were defeated. Cleopatra went to meet Mark in Syria. When Mark and his army arrived there, Cleopatra provided them with food and other supplies. Not long after, their third child was born. Then, Mark and Cleopatra returned to Egypt.
Mark Antony and Cleopatra Are Defeated
Meanwhile, Octavian had been looking for Mark Antony. He wanted revenge. Octavian hated the fact that Mark had left his sister and her children. He was so angry that he declared war on Cleopatra.
In 30 B.C., Octavian defeated Mark’s army. Cleopatra was so scared that she ran away and hid in a mausoleum. However, Mark thought that Cleopatra had been killed. He fell on his own sword and killed himself. Not long after, Octavian caught Cleopatra. He told her of Mark’s death. Cleopatra was so distraught by Mark’s death that she took her own life. According to legend, she put a snake to her chest, let it bite her, and died within minutes.
Cleopatra was able to keep Egypt safe from enemies, so she was successful as an Egyptian ruler. Even though she lived a short life, she achieved her dream of becoming Queen of Egypt.




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